December 3, 2012
Today I write to you, Mr. President, with understanding that we, as a nation, sit in a tough predicament. The war has been going on for quite sometime now and although we’ve made some advances on the front lines, it still doesn’t seem like enough to defeat those threatening us. Innocent lives have been taken on both our part as well as our enemies’ and our nation is looking to you in hopes that you may have some sort of a strategy to end this war once and for all. It has been brought to my attention that the use of nuclear weapons has been proposed to you as a strategy to bring this long war to an ...view middle of the document...
Most of all, I intend to sway you away from the idea of making the mistake and exposing any society to nuclear warfare once again.
50 years ago during World War II three scientists by the name of Albert Einstein, Henry Oppenheimer, and Thomas McKibben managed to successfully build the world's first atomic bomb. During this time of war, in office was President Harry Truman. When the successful testing of the bomb was brought to President Truman's attention, he was faced with making the difficult decision on whether or not to use the deadly weapon against our enemies, Japan. The use of the atomic bomb could easily end the war with Japan but it meant causing a tremendous amount of destruction and the taking of thousands of lives.
Its production and its use were not lightly undertaken by this Government. But we knew that our enemies were on the search for it. We know now how close they were to finding it. And we knew the disaster, which would come to this Nation, and to all peace-loving nations, to all civilization, if they had found it first.
The reason for dropping the bomb specifically on the city of Hiroshima was because it was home to one of their military bases, it had many factories (an industrial city), and up to that date it hadn’t been attacked yet. A U.S. fighter plane dropped the bomb over Hiroshima on the morning of August 6th, 1945. Overall, the “Little Boy” killed over 150,000 people. Some died instantaneously while others died later on due to the after effects of the bomb such as radiation exposure, cancer, and mutation amongst other illnesses.
A T-shaped bridge at the junction of the Honkawa and Motoyasu rivers near downtown Hiroshima was the target. At 8:15 a.m., Little Boy exploded, instantly killing 80,000 to 140,000 people and seriously injuring 100,000 more. The bomb exploded some 1,900 feet above the center of the city, over Shima Surgical Hospital, some 70 yards southeast of the Industrial Promotional Hall (now known as the Atomic Bomb Dome). Crewmembers of the Enola Gay saw a column of smoke rising fast and intense fires springing up. The burst temperature was estimated to reach over a million degrees Celsius, which ignited the surrounding air, forming a fireball some 840 feet in diameter. Eyewitnesses more than 5 miles away said its brightness exceeded the sun tenfold.
The second atomic bomb, “Fat Man,” was later dropped on the morning of August 9th, 1945 after Japan had once again refused to surrender, even after the first atom bombed wiped out a complete city.
Three days later, another American B-29 bomber, Bock's Car, left Tinian carrying Fat Man, a plutonium implosion-type bomb. With the primary target unavailable, the secondary target, the Mitsubishi Torpedo Plant at Nagasaki was chosen. The bomb exploded at 11:02 a.m. over the narrow Urakami Valley northwest of downtown Nagasaki. Of the 286,000 people living in Nagasaki at the time of the blast, 74,000 people were killed and another 75,000...