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Obesity And Breast Feeding Essay

1161 words - 5 pages

Jane Bookout
KINE 4331
Clinical Question

Since the 1970’s, obesity in America has steadily been on the rise with a numerous amount of speculations as to what the cause could be. Not only are the adults suffering with this “obesity epidemic”, children are also quickly becoming victims of this deadly trend. Prevention has been a vital key at young ages to help children understand the importance of maintaining a healthy diet that could save them thousands of dollars, and more importantly their lives. “Many factors have been suggested as causes of the “obesity epidemic” among children- reduced physical education at school, increased homework loads, campus vending machines, television, ...view middle of the document...

” (Stuebe, Alison. 2009) According to the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes as well as ovarian and breast cancer is decreased for the mother along with the baby. ”Breastfeeding may reduce the variance of weight distribution, decreasing the prevalence of both overweight and underweight in later life.” (Bernardo, Horta. 2013) The first 6 months of life is suggested as the recommended time for breastfeeding to decrease the risk of disease and obesity according to The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); however, The World Health Organization (WHO) considers 2 years of breastfeeding to be the recommended time. “Data from a cross sectional study in Bavaria suggest that the risk of obesity in children at the time of school entry can be reduced by breast feeding: a 35% reduction occurs if children are breastfed for 3 to 5 months.” It is clear that the required duration of breastfeeding is unknown, but that it is healthy for the baby and the mother. “Epidemiologic studies suggest that children who are formula fed in infancy are more likely to become obese or develop type 2 diabetes. In a meta-analyses, children formula fed in infancy was 1.1 times as likely to become obese as children who had ever been breastfed.” (Stuebe, Alison. 2009) To explain the dissimilarities, researchers have suggested that the composition of formula versus human milk and feeding practices may have something to do with these risk factors that could potentially occur if the infant were not to be breastfed. Adipokines, found in human milk, contribute to the long-term risk of obesity as well as taking part in the role of regulating energy intake. An increase of 1.2 to 1.4-fold in type 1 diabetes was seen in association with infants who were breastfed for less than three months compared to those who were breastfed for more than three months. Again, the required time for breastfeeding is not quite clear, but according to this study, the longer the breastfeeding takes place, the less risk there is for obesity. The evidence that breastfeeding has more benefits than not is steadily on the rise. More and more women are choosing to breastfeed with this increase in knowledge of how valuable this practice could be for both the mother and the child.
A research study was conducted to understand if breastfeeding along with lifestyle factors had an affect on childhood obesity; the results concluded that...

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