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Oliver Cromwell Vs Charles I Essay

1383 words - 6 pages

Oliver Cromwell was not a king by technical title but craved the power of the king. Cromwell wanted the power to rule over the country. He called himself the “Lord Protector.” Although by the end of he rule over the country he accomplished many things he was hated by the end of his reign. He was called the “Chief of Men” or the “Brave Bad Man” either way, the title king becomes insignificant when he was one of the key people in turning the country around after some of the most devastating events in history.
During Charles I reign, 1625-1649, there were increasing tensions in England. Social tensions resulting from a rapidly expanding population, which caused worsening unemployment, ...view middle of the document...

d.) When in the late 1630s Scotland rose up against the King's religious policies and defeated his English army, Charles was forced to call parliament in 1640 and to make concessions to it, reversing some of his earlier policies. The political crisis in England continued, for many within parliament pushed for further political, constitutional and religious reforms which Charles, now winning some sympathy and support within the country, would not accept. (Historic World Leaders 2003)
Charles was defeated in the First Civil War (1642–45), after which Parliament expected him to accept its demands for a constitutional monarchy. He instead remained defiant by attempting to forge an alliance with Scotland and escaping to the Isle of Wight. (Kishlansky n.d.) This provoked the Second Civil War (1648–49) and a second defeat for Charles, who was subsequently captured, tried, convicted, and executed for high treason. The monarchy was then abolished and a republic called the Commonwealth of England was declared. (Rushworth n.d.)
Cromwell was appointed under a written constitution instead of royal birth order. Cromwell built his trust up through military excellence. In 1640 Oliver Cromwell first entered into a complicated political conflict. Puritans dominated the majority in Parliament were pushing to abolish the Anglican Church. (Kishlansky n.d.) Charles I refused. The Church of England--made up of Bishops appointed by the king--helped uphold his power. In its turn Parliament refused to levy taxes for the king. Charles I managed to get around this financial difficulty for 11 years, but when Scotland revolted Charles I ran out of money. With no other option he convened parliament. It was then that Oliver became elected into the House of Commons. (Spievogel 2000)

The conflict eventually broke into a civil war in which Cromwell became an important general. Parliament started to make severe restrictions on his rule when it convened. When Charles attempted to take advantage of a separation in parliament the English Civil War erupted. (Historic World Leaders 2003) Having thrown his lot in with the Puritans bent on limitation of the king, Cromwell took a regiment of Calvary and fought for the parliamentary armies. Cromwell showed exceptional leadership and rose through the ranks. Through the war Cromwell became the lieutenant general and won many decisive victories for parliament. (Morrill 1990)

Cromwell excelled as a general, and fought like a crusader. Despite having no previous training in the military Cromwell showed great leadership. Cromwell enforced strict discipline among his troops. Yet Cromwell, like the crusaders, gave the glory of his victories to God. Concerning his victories Cromwell said things like, “God made them stubble to our swords.” And, “Sir, this is none other but the hand of God; and to him alone belongs the glory.” (Roots n.d.) Cromwell and his men firmly believed that they fought for God’s glory, and...

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