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Oppressive Systems Of Government In Egypt And Animal Farm

1529 words - 7 pages

As in Egypt, Orwell demonstrates through his allegorical novel “Animal Farm” that leaders are able to establish and maintain power over a people, and in turn create an oppressive and corrupt government system.
Orwell shows the significant difference in the education and levels of knowledge in the animals, and how the government takes advantage of this difference. The split between the levels of intelligence is portrayed in the first chapter when the idea of rebellion is sparked: “… the stupidest of them had already picked up the tune and a few words, and as for the clever ones, such as the pigs and the dogs, they had the entire song by heart within a few minutes” (Orwell 13). When Old Major ...view middle of the document...

, and so will continue to educate themselves through secondary sources, state media and coffee shop rhetoric” (Viney 1). Because many people in Egypt are less likely to be informed of political happenings and form sentiments toward the policies and ruling, the government is able to take advantage of the peoples’ votes, and manipulate their ways of thinking to fit the government’s views. Some Egyptians are worried that “[the Muslim Brotherhood and Salafi current] will take the majority in parliament; appealing to the uneducated, illiterate masses of Egyptian society. [They] use strong societal pressure; pushing on issues such as personal morality, to allure voters to usher in an Islamically-led political philosophy” (Taman Xx). This could result in an oppressive government who the country voted for based on policies not related to politics, and therefore would have a political agenda that does not benefit the country well.
In “Animal Farm,” the pigs use propaganda tactics to keep control of the other animals. Squealer, second in command to Napoleon, often spreads lies and other propagandist messages to convince the animals that all is well, similar to the Egyptian media that propagates pro-government messages. The leader, Napoleon, also attempts to blame an enemy for their problems: “Comrades, do you know who is responsible for this? Do you know the enemy who has come in the night and overthrown our windmill? SNOWBALL!” (Orwell 69). In accusing others, Napoleon takes the responsibility for their problems off of himself, and the animals view him in a better light. He unites the animals against a common enemy, Snowball, turning the blame away from his own ruling faults. Propaganda, used in many governments, can convey false messages to the people, while stimulating positive feelings for the leaders, although often not deserved.
The Egyptian government used propaganda tactics similar to those used in “Animal Farm.” The Egyptian media was very influential in conveying propagated messages to the people. It is owned be the Egyptian government, and therefore it “[was] completely used as propaganda machines telling lies to the Egyptian public” (Shimi 1). The use of propaganda by the media in the Egyptian government is similar to what Squealer does for Napoleon, telling lies to the citizens so that they are content, or at least satisfied, with the government. The Egyptian government also attempted to place the blame for their problems on another source, including, “The Muslim Brotherhood, political opposition parties, Mosaad, the US, Iran, Hamas, Qatar, Alijazeera, and... koala bears” (Shimi 5). Napoleon does this as well on Animal Farm. They do not take responsibility for problems and blame all on others. Many people (and animals) believe those propagated lies, and are not aware the government has wronged them. Of course, some people recognize the irresponsibility of the government. However, because of the lack of resistance to the oppressive...

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