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Organisational Behaviour Essay

953 words - 4 pages

Prior to the advent of intelligence tests, philosophers, statesmen, and other school of thoughts, there was a link between race, intelligence, and cultural achievement. Broca, Darwin, Galton, and all the founders of evolution and anthropology believed this. Even Freud believed in some race differences. But this began to change in the 1920s with Franz Boas and James B. Watson, who believed that culture could change just about anything. Mordern-day writers do tell us that there is no link between race, intelligence, and culture.
For instance, the first explorers of the Pacific documented in their journals that they were shocked by the nudity, paganism, cannibalism, and poverty ...view middle of the document...

Marco Polo wrote: “Surely there is no more intelligent race on earth than the Chinese.” Historical research bears out Marco Polo’s impressions.
As early as 360 B.C., the Chinese used the cross bow and changed the face of warfare. Around 200-100 B.C., the Chinese used written exams to choose people for the civil service, 2,000 years before Britain. The Chinese used printing about 800 A.D., some 600 years before Europe saw Gutenberg’s first Bible. Paper money was used in China in 1300, but not in Europe until the 19th and 20th centuries. By 1050 Chinese chemists had made gunpowder, hand grenades, fire arrows, and rockets of oil and poison gas. By 1100, factories in China with 40,000 workers were making rockets. Flame throwers, guns, and cannons were used in China by the 13th century, about 100 years before Europe.
The Chinese used the magnetic compass as early as the 1st century; it appeared in European records only in 1190. In 1422, 70 years before Columbus’s three small ships crossed the Atlantic, the Chinese reached the east coast of Africa. They came in a great fleet of 65 ocean going ships filled with 27,000 soldiers and their horses, and a year’s supply of grain, meat, and wine. With their gunpowder weapons, navigation, accurate maps and magnetic compasses, the Chinese could easily have gone around the tip of Africa and discovered Europe.
In the last five hundred years, the European nations leapfrogged over the Chinese in science and technology. However, since 1950, Japan has beaten the West in the production of many high-tech products. Other Pacific Rim countries like China, Taiwan, Singapore, and South Korea now follow Japan’s path.
On the average, Orientals are slower to mature, less fertile, and less sexually active, have larger brains and higher I.Q. scores. Whites fall in the middle, often close to Orientals. The evidence shows that this is due to both genes and environment. Of...

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