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Organizational Psychology Essay

665 words - 3 pages

In the field of Industrial/Organizational psychology, one of the most researched areas is the relationship between job satisfaction and job performance (Judge, Thoresen, Bono, & Patton,2001). In Judge et al. (2001), it was found by Brayfield and Crockett (1955) that there is only a minimal relationship between job performance and job satisfaction. However, since 1955, Judge et al. (2001) cited that there are other studies by Locke (1970), Schwab & Cummings (1970), and Vroom (1964) that have shown that there is at least some relationship between those variables. Judge et al. (2001) argued that there are seven different models that can be used to describe the job satisfaction and job ...view middle of the document...

There has been recent research that has shown relationships between personality and job performance in firefighters (Liao, Arvey, & Butler, 2001). Specifically, the study by Liao et al. (2001), found that the MMPI trait of social introversion was significantly negatively correlated to injury frequency (r =-.08). Abraham (2000), reviewed personality on the basis of cynicism towards an organization. It was found that personality cynicism was the best predictor of job satisfaction, because it explains 57% of the variance in job satisfaction, t(53) = -8.54, p < .01.
They argued that performance-oriented in- dividuals can be motivated either to “outperform” others and to demonstrate their superiority, or to avoid failure and to avoid looking incompetent, respectively. The finding that a performance- approach orientation is associated with superior performance (e.g., Barron & Harackiewicz, 2000; Elliot & Church, 1997; Harackiewicz, Barron, Carter, Letho, & Elliot, 1997) suggests that individ- uals with performance-approach orientations tend to exert sufficient effort to accomplish their goal of outperforming others. The tendency to reduce ef- fort after encountering setbacks and difficulty often associated with performance ...

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