In project management there are three primary project management organizational structures, functional, matrix, and pure project. In this paper the reader will learn what each of them are and how they compare. The reader will also learn which organizational structure will be the best fit for certain situations.
The first structure I will discuss is the functional structure it is when each job becomes the focus point, similar jobs done by employees are put in silos, and specialized jobs are combined and done by centralized employees. The main focus attempts to allocate all available employees according to their roles and abilities, this is referred to as functional department. The benefits of this structure are that the order of command is sound and falls directly inline. It also gives employees an opportunity to grow with ...view middle of the document...
The Matrix resembles the functional except the fact that employees are grouped in a different kind of silo based on their skill set. There are three principle types of matrix organizations, weak, strong, and balanced. The weak matrix is when the project manager is reduced to a facilitator , there primary functions is to just draw the plans and then supervise the execution, but have no control over the personnel and rely heavily on the function managers. After issues came about with the weak matrix the strong matrix came into existence the strong matrix is basically the opposite of the weak matrix. The strong matrix gives all the responsibility to the project manager for what the employees are doing. The one function that they are not in charge of is human resource management. The last principle is balanced matrix, the balanced matrix is when the project manager and functional managers are even across the board, no one entity has a greater power than the next. This will eliminate the problem of one side becoming power struck. Rules are set in place to even out the power structure. Advantages of this kind of matrix is that key people can e shared, conflicts are minimal, there is a great balance between time and cost performance, and stress is equal among the team.
The last organizational structure is pure project; a pure project is when the project manager coordinates the jobs based on the needs of the company. The characteristics are that the leaders have full responsibility over the entire project. This structure takes a strong union between the team and organization. One major disadvantage is that the team may find it difficult to return to their daily functions once the project is complete.
In conclusion each organizational structure is a good way to sphere head a project. The differences come across based upon the project that you are doing. . Certain organizational structures are better suited for a particular type of project, but it is up to the person you are doing the project for to choose which style the perceive to be the best unless they give the project manager the nod to make that decision. Below you will find examples of a matrix structure chart as well as a functional structure chart.