Origin of Agriculture
Agriculture, which is the practice of rearing animals and planting crops, has been in existence for several decades now. However, before its inception, people of the ancient world used to survive by hunting wild animals and gathering wild herbs plus fruits. But today things have changed and agriculture significantly benefits the present humanity as compared to their counterparts in the old generation. According to a YouTube lecture on animals, food, and antique civilization, there are numerous factors that led to the origin of farming, especially in Africa and the Middle East. In this light, this paper shall ...view middle of the document...
Further, a Chicago humanities festival talk on YouTube explains that feasting festivity that was common among the inhabitants of these regions required a large quantity of food that could not be supplied via gathering and hunting could. Hence, people began rearing animals and sowing seeds to ensure plenty supply of food during their carousing.
A BBC broadcast points out that agriculture in this region was done through domestication of animals such as dog, goats, and sheep. Further, an article by British museum (1) on earliest types of writing indicates that the community in that epoch planted cereals of crops like rice, wheat, and barley that were seen as easy to cultivate and preserve. An article by British museum (1) on Egyptian life documents that agricultural activities were concentrated along the river banks such as river Nile and river Tigris. In some cases, those who were not able to access the rivers carried out farming on lands adjacent to oases.
Further, a national geographic article (1) shows that agriculture led to the establishment of trade between Africa, Europe, and the Middle East. For instance, the Middle East and North Africa traded their agricultural products for textiles from the northern parts of Europe. Similarly, the rise of farming practices in these areas resulted in the establishment of cosmopolitan cities like Barcelona, Pisa, and Genoa which acted as trade centers. In addition, Abulafia (1) observes that gardening gave rise to the establishment of sea transport in the gulf region as traders moved to Europe, Africa, America, and Asia with their merchandise in search of markets. Articles by Fordham University and Cambridge University also note that religions such as Islam and Christianity spread due to the ongoing trade between different continents because of agriculture. Lastly, a broadcast by BBC radio explicates that the invent of agriculture led to the establishment of...