Origins And Explanations Of The Sonnet

1336 words - 6 pages

Origins and Explanations of The Sonnet

The sonnet originates in Italy in the 12th and 13th century. The term
comes from the Italian for "little song" and the best known Italian
sonneteers were Dante and Francesco Petrarca. Petrarch proved most
influential on the sonnet's successive history, leaving his
predominant theme of secular love as well as the form itself to
subsequent poets. In 14th century Italy the sonnet was clearly
established in as a major form of love poetry.

The sonnet is a lyric poem comprised of 14 rhyming lines of equal
length utilising a variety of different rhyme schemes, but usually in
five-foot iambic pentameters in English. ...view middle of the document...

early eighteenth century saw a decline in the sonnet's popularity, but
there were the odd successes and attempts by poets who did not use the
sonnet often. Although largely neglected in the 18th century, the
sonnet was revived in the 19th by Wordsworth, Keats and Baudelaire,
and is still widely used. Irregular variations on the sonnet form have
included the 12-line sonnet sometimes used by Elizabethan poem.

The Petrarchan sonnet is distinguished by having a two part division;
the sonnet's rhyme scheme divides the poem's 14 lines into two parts,
an octave and a sestet. The rhyme scheme for the octave is typically:
abba abba. While there are a few possibilities for the sestet,
including: cdecde, cdccdc, or cdedce.

The octave presents a problem or situation which is then resolved or
commented on in the sestet. The transition from octave to sestet
usually coincides with a 'turn' in the argument or mood of the poem.
This divides the thought into two opposing or complementary phases of
the same idea

The octave and sestet division is not always kept; the rhyme-scheme is
often varied, but within limits, no Italian sonnet has more than five
rhymes. Iambic pentameter is essentially the meter.

Although the English or Shakespearean sonnet grew from the Petrarch
sonnet it varies in form. Instead of the octave and sestet divisions,
this sonnet characteristically symbolizes four divisions of three
quatrains (each with a rhyme-scheme of its own) and a final rhymed
couplet. The typical rhyme-scheme for the English sonnet is: abab cdcd
efef gg.

The couplet at the end is usually a commentary on the foregoing, a
short close. Though not invented by Shakespeare, the form was
perfected by Shakespeare. The reason for the greater number of rhymes
in the Shakespearean sonnet is due to the greater difficulty finding
rhymes in English.

In Shakespeare the 'turn' comes with the final couplet which often
undercuts the thought created in the rest of the poem.

I am going to examine some of the metaphors used in the sonnet with
the first line,

"Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" I like this sonnet because
it is full of metaphors and it describes the situation in such a way
that you can actually picture the scene. One particular metaphor that
the poet uses which I really like is:-

"Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines."

I like this metaphor because it describes the sun as the "eye of
heaven". This sentence also says that the sun shines too hot down on
the earth which works well with the fact that the sun can also be the
eye of heaven in a religious point of view The poet uses another
metaphor which works well with the sonnet. The metaphor is:-

"Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade."

I think this metaphor has two contributions to the sonnet. One is...

Other Essays Like Origins And Explanations Of The Sonnet

The Origins Of Modern Science Essay

3252 words - 14 pages The origins of modern science date to the seventeenth century, a period so marked by innovative thinking that it has been called the `century of genius.'...Breaking free of the bonds of tradition, these sixteenth-century thinkers developed the scientific method, a means of understanding based on a systematic observation of natural phenomena and experimentation regarding causes and effects (Merriman, 311). The ideas of many scientists, and

Outline and Evaluate One or More Evolutionary Explanations for the Functions of Sleep. (24)

870 words - 4 pages Outline and evaluate one or more evolutionary explanations for the functions of sleep. (24) Intro: * Behaviors evolve, develop if they provide selective advantages for the animal * Sleep=evolved into an essential behavior and serves an adaptive purpose in the EEA Because it provides Selective Advantages * In other words sleep either provides some biological functions or it has other benefit * There are different

Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere Assess the Different Sociological Explanations of Suicide. (21 Marks)

1130 words - 5 pages , qualitative methods should be used to analyse the possible causes of death. That way, we can build up a classification of suicide meanings. As Douglas takes the interpretivist approach, the interpretivist explanations of suicide aim to study suicide in a non-scientific manner unlike the positivist explanations. They reject using statistics to look at why people commit suicide and prefer to try and understand the meanings behind why they would commit

The Origins Of The Cold War

1074 words - 5 pages The Origins of the Cold War The Cold War period from 1945 to 1985 was a result of distrust and misunderstanding between the USSR and the United States of America. This distrust never actually resulted any fighting between the two superpowers but they came very close to fighting on several occasions. The Cold War was a result of many different events and factors including the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, the Potsdam

The Origins of Global Jihadi Terrorism

4943 words - 20 pages The Origins of Global Jihadi Terrorism: A Framework for Countering Islamic Radicalisation “He will be a wild donkey of a man; his hand will be against everyone and everyone’s hand against him, and he will live in hostility toward all his brothers.” Genesis 16: 12 The Bible, New International Version. Such is the prophecy foretold in the Bible, where Ishmael, to whom the Prophet Muhammad traces his lineage , is to lead a life

The Origins Of The Archetypal Themes Present In Shakespeare's "Romeo And Juliet"

844 words - 4 pages Ben Weissler8/15/07The origins of Shakespeare's play "Romeo and Juliet" are relatively unknown. It's hard to believe, but this archetypal theme of ill-fated love predates Shakespeare by more than a thousand years. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines "archetype" as: the original pattern or model of which all things of the same type are representations or copies. One of the first pieces of written work to include this common archetype of ill

Assess Sociological Explanations of Changes in the Status of Childhood

1439 words - 6 pages Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of changes in the status of childhood (24 marks) Sociologists argue about what the term ‘childhood’ actually means. They claim that childhood is a social construction, rather than a biological or natural state. This essay will therefore attempt to assess whether there have been any changes in the status of childhood. I will be looking at the views of various sociologists

How Do Both Poems, Edna St. Vincent Millay’s ‘Sonnet 29’ and Thomas Hardy’s ‘the Voice’, Convey the Tone of Loss?

1225 words - 5 pages How do both poems, Edna St. Vincent Millay’s ‘Sonnet 29’ and Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Voice’, convey the tone of loss? In ‘Sonnet 29’ by Edna St. Vincent Millay, loss is a strong underlying theme, referred to generously throughout the poem. This poem has the form of a Shakespearian sonnet which is thought to have meant to challenge her readers’ preconceptions about life. The first ovctave has strong themes of the loss of love while in the last

Using Material Form Item 2(B) and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations of the Increase in the Number of Divorces Since the 1960s

1175 words - 5 pages Using material form Item 2(b) and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of the increase in the number of divorces since the 1960s The amount of divorcees after 1960 has increased drastically. In 1931 less than 4,000 people got divorced, in 2004 it was over 165,000. The main reason for this increase in the number of divorces since the 1960s is the fact that they changed the laws on divorce. Before 1960 the only people who could afford to

How Chinua Achebe Included The Origins Of The Ibo And Their Struggle With Religion In Things Fall Apart

560 words - 3 pages Things Fall Apart was a fantastic book. It was educational as well as entertaining. The author, Chinua Achebe did a great job of describing the complex society and culture of the Ibo tribe. Being that Achebe’s roots originate from the Ibo, he shares accurate history and traditions that help shape the book and its perspective on how the European invasions greatly affected pre-colonial Africa. Throughout the book, the reader will learn that the

Origins Of Agriculture: The Stepping Stone For Civilization

1510 words - 7 pages pretty much the origin of civilization. Works Cited Bellwood, P.S. (2005). The first farmers: The origins of agricultural societies. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub. Clark, J.D. (1984). From Hunters to Farmers. Berkeley and Los Angeles, California: University of California Press. Harris, D. (1996). The origins and spread of agriculture and pastoralism in Eurasia. Abingdon, Oxon: UCL Press. Rice, S.A. (2009). Green planet: how plants keep the

Related Papers

The Pagan Origins Of Jesus Christ And Christianity

1827 words - 8 pages those of distrust. The Christian Bible also left much to be desired. For example, Christians are not supposed to worship any graven image (implying an idol or a symbol) yet they pray to a cross. According to the Christian bible, the old testament, God giveth and God taketh away. Yet in the new testament God gives and the devil takes away. (3) Which is a contradiction of terms. 2 There

The Origins Of The Computer Essay

1103 words - 5 pages The Origins of the Computer This report is to be distributed freely and not to be sold for profit ect. This report can be modifyed as long as you keep in mind that you didn't write it. And you are not to hand in this report claiming credit for it heheh.      The Roman Empire, founded by Augustus Caesar in 27 B.C. and lasting in Western Europe for 500 years, reorganized for world politics and economics. Almost the

Psychological And Biological Explanations Of Anorexia Nervosa

859 words - 4 pages through both psychological and biological explanations. The psychological explanation of anorexia is explained through cultural ideas in the media which portrays thin models on TV and magazines. This is a significant contributory factor in body image concerns and the drive for thinness among Western adolescent girls. Research by Jones and Buckingham found that people with low self-esteem are more likely to compare themselves to idealised

Origins Of The Organic Movement Essay

3598 words - 15 pages | | | Johnson & Wales Shane Howlett | [Origins of the Organic Movement and its impact on society] | Winter Term Honors Project FSM 1070 Professor Scott Smith T/Th 2-4 CRN: 21563 | Table of Contents Introduction……………………………………………………………………………….1 Origins of the Organic Movement………………………………………………………...2 Pre-World War II………………………………………………………………….3 Post-World War II………………………………………………………...…........5 Impacts of the