This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Outline Future Options For Melbourne’s Water Resource

1995 words - 8 pages

Outline future options for Melbourne’s water resource

Melbourne’s water reserves in the past 10 years have been exhausted; meanwhile climate change predictions indicate the pressure of water lack will be increasingly serious (Howe 2005). This problem is not just for Melbourne, Australia and many other parts of the world also face to the water shortage problem. Since there is a grave water shortage in Melbourne, the policy of sustainable water management is becoming very important. In order to prevent further deterioration of water shortage in the future, the Victorian Government made a series of countermeasures. There ...view middle of the document...

There are 3.6 million people living in Melbourne, in 2020 the population will increase 1 million in Melbourne (Australian social trend, 2010), as the Grove’s lecture ‘integrated catchment management’ covered ‘future water demand increases of population growth combined with an increase per capita usage’, which means these 392 Liters of using water will increase with the population’s growth, Melbourne needs more water supply but the climate change problem increases difficult in water supply, therefore several projects need to be implemented to protect water resource in the future.
In 2011, the Victorian Government told to people, because the climate change problem, from 1950, Victoria’s average temperature has increased every 10 years; in 2070 the temperature will increase 0.8-5 oC (Howe 2005). Melbourne will experience a more arid climate such as more hot days and dry days in summer. As the figure 1 shows due to the global climate change problems, the rainfall in Melbourne is quite low. With the sustained severe drought, Melbourne’s water level is only about 46.1% of normal the years’, the lowest in recent 3 years; it becomes a serious problem in Melbourne.

Figure 2: Accumulated rainfall for the period October 1996 to May 2004 in Melbourne. (Source: Australian Bureau of Meteorology)

The Victoria’s minister of Water Resource John Thwaites said: ‘if the drought conditions is continuing, we will implement a stricter water restriction.’ The Victorian Government decided if the water level decreases to 44.6% in October then the water restriction will upgrade such as prohibiting water use in the new swimming pool, prohibition of outdoor commercial car washing and limiting outdoor irrigation time. On the other way raising the price of usage water will reduce volume of water used or wasted too. John Thwaited also said: ‘the only one thing we can do is keeping saving water, doing everything we can do to store water, in order to ensure water resource be available in the future. ’
Around 80% of drinking water in Melbourne comes from closed water catchment in the Yarra range. The total area of catchment of Yarra River and its tributary is more than 4000km2, there are 2 million people living in this area (Yeo, 2010), this catchment supply many reservoirs such as upper Yarra, o’shannassy, Maroondah and Silvan reservoir (TJ Entwisle, 1990). Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal decided no new residential area should be built near the Melbourne catchment area 40ha. to ensure the quality of drinking water in Melbourne and surrounding towns, the RMIT University’s associate professor Michael Buxton heaps praise for this decision, he said, outside Melbourne there are 50,000 area ready for new home construction but a large part of them will infract water catchment thereby water catchment area must be protected. Even though Yarra River is not big enough in Australia standard, the production of water in this catchment area is still huge (Bracks...

Other Essays Like Outline Future Options for Melbourne’s Water Resource

Sample Outline

846 words - 4 pages Center for Writing Excellence © 2009-2010 Apollo Group, Inc. All rights reserved 4 C. Learning activities 1. Meaningful 2. Collaboration IV. Conclusion This sample outline represents the most common outline format. Additional outline format information can be found in The Gregg Reference Manual (this is an optional resource for students). Faculty standards for outlines submitted for a grade may vary. The faculty member’s own standards will prevail in the event that the standards differ from this sample. February 2011

Project 2 Aquatic Micro Essay

2439 words - 10 pages applying to drinking water whilst more relaxed levels apply to marine bathing waters, where much lower volumes of water are expected to be ingested by users. How pathogens are removed from drinking water Contamination of drinking-water by microbial pathogens can cause disease outbreaks and contribute to background rates of disease. There are many treatment options for eliminating pathogens from drinking-water. Finding the right solution for a

Wasted Water

608 words - 3 pages , we continue to waste it and at a good rate. “According to water resource expert Mohamed El-Ashry of World Resources institute, about 66% of the freshwater used in the world and about 50% of the freshwater used in the United States is unnecessarily wasted” (Miller & Spoolman, 2013, p. 251). He goes on to state that if we can reduce our waste to 15%, that would be enough to meet the water needs of the world for the foreseeable future (Miller

Zoo Victoria

4502 words - 19 pages marketing to political lobbying. It is hoped that these points would raise awareness of CSPO and drive a market for it in Australia. Introduction The aim of this report is to outline and formulate ways for Zoos Victoria (ZV) to promote and raise awareness of a certification for palm oil - Certified Sustainable Palm Oil (CSPO). To achieve this, since late 2009 ZV instituted a campaign called “Don’t Palm Us Off” (DPUO), where its aims are to “raise

Bottled Water

689 words - 3 pages Analyzing Effect of Bottled Water About 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered in water. Despite the abundance of this resource, people spend 35 billion dollars a year buying purified water that has been pre-bottled in a factory, and an additional 70 billion to dispose of the plastic bottles (NRDC). It is estimated that two gallons of water is wasted to “purify” one gallon of bottled water and for the price of one disposable bottle of water

Request for Proposal

1195 words - 5 pages [pic] Assignment 3: RFP Response Dr. Crystal Dickerson BUS 505 Marketing Management 13 May 14 Your fresh beginning can be found in a glass of water, but not just any water…. High quality Ionized Water! 1. Organizational structure and matrix of five (5) roles, responsibilities, and authority for the key members of the captured team to execute the proposal. The Better Health Solutions was formed to provide

Coca-Cola's Water Neutrality Initiative

641 words - 3 pages wants to do or is doing and what its stakeholders expect” (Lawrence & Webber, p.25), in this case was operating their business in a cost effective way and consuming enough water to operate at capacity verses producing their product in an ethical manner that didn’t negatively impact the stakeholders. The stakeholders initially were local communities and governments in India, the Center for Science and Environment, and the India Resource Center

Analyse the Feasibility of Two Different Techniques of Fresh Water Supply in Egypt

2505 words - 11 pages the economy and energy of Egypt, for example the hydropower support and the floods or drought defence. Although it contributes to the development of agriculture, it may break the fragile eco-system and reduce the quantity of Nile water. According to (Abu-Zeid and El- Shibini, 2010:215), the TDS (total dissolved solids) rises at 185 mg/l after construction of the HAD and surrounding environment suffered from increasingly growth of aquatic weeds. 3

The Real Options Theory

2150 words - 9 pages value, and this value can account for a substantial proportion of the value of many investments (Tong & Reuer, 2007). The real options theory allows a company to look into their resource distribution processes. It can help improve decision making by bringing the subject of finance into strategic planning tools, and also by incorporating strategic realities into traditional capital budgeting models that do not explicitly account for the value of

Strategic and Financial Planning

1169 words - 5 pages goals set out in strategic planning. To do so it involves measuring current performance against past data and trends for the future (Boone. B. 2009). When we develop a strategic plan for a business, the amount of money we have available determines to a large degree of what options we can think about. For example, if we have a $10,000 budget and three options that cost $12,000, $8,000 and $6,000 respectfully; then we know that we cannot afford the

Impacts of an Energy Plan

964 words - 4 pages sustainability without mining any more of our resources from the earth, in doing so we must focus on renewable resources. We must educate, so they learn how to preserve what we have, conserve what we need for future generations, and the way to utilize recycling to its fullest. The ways we have managed our precious life's resources in the past and present is not viable. The environmental effects are prominent in our water quality, air quality

Related Papers

Air Pollution Essay

594 words - 3 pages households and industries and natural calamity. I. Introduction A. Water is an important resource 1. Use in homes – cooking, cleaning, personal hygiene 2. Use in industry – ingredient in products, washing, processing, cooling, transporting, sanitation 3. “Water Fact,” par. 1 – less than 1% of the earth’s water is accessible for human use 4. State thesis II. Pollution of water from household use A. Humans use all kinds

Course Mba Essay

5614 words - 23 pages events of interest to future students throughout the year. For details visit . 6 Graduate Certificate Program Code Campus Career Graduates are encouraged to progress to the Master of Business Administration. 6 months full-time or part-time equivalent. Graduates of the arts, business, engineering, health, IT and many other fields may choose to study the Graduate Certificate or Master degree to broaden their career options

Income Inequality In Australia Essay

810 words - 4 pages Statistical Subdivisions more than doubled, which considerably restricted the potential residential location choices of Melbourne’s low income households. The net result is that this income inequality has become mapped onto the city, creating neighbourhoods of extreme advantage and disadvantage. Since 2006, housing affordability has continued to be a serious problem for people renting their homes. According to the March 2008 Rental Report (DHS

Examples Of Water Cooperation Essay

2168 words - 9 pages . * Cooperation at the basin level can promote efficient techniques for water storage and distribution, expanding irrigation acreage. The Indus Waters Treaty of 1960 was the precursor to the massive expansion of irrigation works in India, which in turn played an important role in the green revolution. * Cooperation between municipalities and private providers can stimulate resource mobilization. The Tamil Nadu Urban Development Fund, established by