This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Pakistan's Islamic Factor Essay

646 words - 3 pages

History proves that religion has been repeatedly used by various classes to secure
their personal or class aims and objectives ! Religion as a political factor to
unite Indians against the British was introduced in politics by Gandhi ! Gandhi
represented the Hindu middle and professional classes funded by the business
classes who were western educated , outwardly secular in outlook but relied on
Hindu religious symbols to achieve their political ends ! When Gandhi sidelined Mr
Jinnah from main congress leadership after 1921-22 Mr Jinnah also abandoned his
initial ideology of Indian nationalism based on constitutionalism and adopted
Islam as his slogan ! In most of his political speeches Mr Jinnah stressed on the
fact that the Indian Muslims were a separate nation and their unique religious and
social practices entitled them to have a separate country ! This slogan was
convenient and politically expedient to unite the pre 1947 Indo Pak Muslims
against the Hindu ...view middle of the document...

s
time were dominated by the professional middle classes or landlords who had merely
viewed religion as a slogan to galvanise the masses and never wanted a theological
state ! The landlords wanted to get rid of a Hindu money lending class and a land
reform threatening congress party while the middle classes enthusiastically
supported Pakistan because they viewed the new state as one with greater
opportunities of advancement for their class since the Hindus who were more
educationally advanced were eliminated from the competition !
The religious parties which had initially opposed Pakistan’s creation based on the
idea that partition would only divide Indian Muslims now turned the table on the
Muslim League by demanding that since the Muslim League itself declared that the
Indo Pak Muslims needed a separate country to practice Islam , the new country
must be based on the Islamic Sharia ! The non religious feudal and middle class
Muslim Leaguers led by Liaquat Ali Khan initially outmanoeuvred the Islamists by
moving the Objectives Resolution which paid lip service to Islam while preserving
Pakistan’s initially envisaged secular ethos ! The Islamists however were not
pacified and the 1953 Anti Qadiani riots proved that the Islamists were a force to
be reckoned with ! However massive US aid from 1954 to 1965 marginalised the
Islamists and strengthened the secular forces under the military dictator Ayub
Khan ! In 1970 the Islamists were again unable to gain much except in NWFP and
Baluchistan and the neo-socialist PPP and the nationalistic Awami League swept
West and East Pakistan !
Islamists parties were strengthened in between 1971-77 because of the 1971 defeat
and because of some of Mr Bhuttos policies ! In 1977 the religious right gained a
new benefactor in shape of USA who viewed the Islamist dominated anti Bhutto
Pakistan National Alliance as a safer bet than an anti US charismatic leader like
Bhutto ! Thus the 1977 agitation and the Zia military coup of 1977 which toppled
Mr Bhutto !
Pakistan’s military dictator decided keeping in view the immense political
strength of the anti Zia PPP that his best bet to survive was use of Islam as a
political slogan ! Thus Zia’s Islamisation measures and the various stunts and
ploys employed by the military junta to demonstrate that Zia was a true soldier of
Islam

Other Essays Like Pakistan's Islamic Factor

Investment And Saving Essay

6393 words - 26 pages consideration is given to non-economic factors for ensuring efficient utilization of resources. The investment in physical terms is no longer treated as the sole causative factor in the process of economic development. The scope of investment has, in fact, been enlarged to include creation of physical assets as well as development of human capital. In a developing country like Pakistan, where population is growing at a fast pace, and the productive

Education 25 Essay

4595 words - 19 pages for bringing revolutionary changes for the effective function of educational system in the country. Let us pray to Allah Almighty may He enable us to bring and get our desired results by putting our entire efforts in this respect. “God helps those who help themselves” Pakistan's Existing Education System: Guest Post by Mr. Fida Hussain Sayani   Before I elaborate on the existing education system, it is important to highlight the system we

The Separation Of Capital Ownership And Control

1577 words - 7 pages The argument of whether the separation of capital ownership and control is an efficient form of organization has constantly been a controversial issue. The criticism whether the controllers’ act is in the best interest of the owners’ wills never end as long as hired managers operate management. As the number of public companies has been increasing over the course of this century, meanwhile the American style of contact based corporation has

The Versatility And Flexibility Of OLED's

1014 words - 5 pages In April 1, 2002, organic light emitting diodes gain rise in the scientific community with their published, more practical form at Ames Laboratory. “Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, in collaboration with scientists at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, have developed and demonstrated a novel, fluorescence-based chemical sensor that is more compact, versatile and less expensive than existing technology of its

Comparing The Moral Virtues Of Antony And Julian The Apostate

1103 words - 5 pages Roman emperor Julian the Apostate and Christian leader Antony both exhibited many qualities of character during their existence. Both of them led very distinctive lives although shared several ethical values. Book 25 of “The Later Roman Empire” and the book “Early Christian Lives” show concrete evidence of this. In the following essay, I will argue how both leaders’ lives were devoted to their religious beliefs and their mutual cardinal virtues

Living In A Cashless Society

1637 words - 7 pages Money in a traditional sense no longer exists. Money is becoming much of a concept than a physical material, and most ordinary bitter have not see the reality of the switch. People today are using credit and debit cards on a regular basis and in everyday situations such as meal purchased at fast food, highway tolls, clothing, groceries, gas stations, etc. all of these means of systems could be regarded as a cashless society or world. The question

The French And Indian War: The "Real" First World War

1955 words - 8 pages The Seven Years War, or more commonly referred to as “The French and Indian War”, has been called the true First World War. In this book The French and Indian War: Deciding the Fate of North America, the author and historian Walter R. Borneman paints a detailed and elaborate picture that justifies the claim of it being the first true war of global proportions. If ever there truly was a climax to the never ending feud of the European powers

Is The Use Of Animals In Medical Research A Necessary Measure?

1513 words - 7 pages Throughout history, animals have been used in experiments to test product safety and obtain medical knowledge that benefits both humans and animals alike. Every year there are numerous medical breakthroughs, such as medications and surgical instruments, which are tested on animals to insure their safety before they are deemed acceptable for human use. Even though the results of the experiments saved millions of human lives, they are also

Education And The Evolving Job Market

2363 words - 10 pages The lives of students today are changing. They are preparing for lives and jobs that have never before existed. If teachers hope to have a significant and worthwhile impact on these quickly changing lives, they must change the way they think, prepare, and instruct our future generations. Children cannot afford to have teachers who remain stagnant in their methods and ideals. Students crave instructors that are willing to allow them to tap

Young And Relentless

1737 words - 7 pages There are numerous influences that can be responsible of teenager’s behaviors and attitude as they develop. One factor that is important to these behaviors is parental figures being over involved or uninvolved in their children’s lives. Many of these effects include illegal substance abuse, rising sexual activity, underage alcohol consumption, and tobacco use. Studies show parental participation plays a key role in the characteristics developed

The Natural Law Theory

1231 words - 5 pages Obeying by the natural law theory is the only true and moral way to live life; especially a life lived in God’s image. God’s presence is a guiding factor to obtaining a moral and virtuous life, which can only be obtained by following the natural law theory. God created a set of laws as a supreme guide for humans to live life, like any law these laws were created to ensure wellbeing for everyone. The laws he created are the civil law, the natural

Related Papers

Features Of Pakistani Wedding Essay

958 words - 4 pages or marriage hall for the official wedding ceremony. (v) Walima is the final day of the wedding. This is traditionally organised by the groom and his family. ESSAY Marriage in Pakistan is a legal union between a man and a woman. Culturally, it is not only a link between the husband and wife, but also an alliance between their respective families. Because about 97% of Pakistan's population is Muslim, the Islamic law is usually observed

Education Essay

4885 words - 20 pages most important aspect of any nation’s survival today. Education builds the nations; it determines the future of a nation. ISLAM also tells us about Education and its importance. The real essence of Education according to ISLAM is “to know ALLAH” but I think in our country we truly lost. Neither our schools nor our madrassa’s (Islamic Education Centres) are truly educating our youth in this regard. In schools, we are just preparing them for “Money

War On Terrorism Essay

4158 words - 17 pages . Introduction: Terrorism is not new in South Asian region and Pakistan, it has historical linkages with cold World War II. Unorganized and less armed at first, Mujahedeen began receiving substantial assistance in the form of weapons and training from the US, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and other foreign countries. Many radical Islamic organizations and thousands radical Muslims from across the world particularly Middle East, North Africa and

Indo Pak Relations Essay

4886 words - 20 pages million.[1] India emerged as a secular nation with aHindu majority population and a large Muslim minority while Pakistan was established as an Islamic republic with an overwhelming Muslim majority population.There were also brief period when these relations cud be described as normal and cordial. Many efforts were made by both the countries to normalize these relations, but all have proved fruitless. Immediately after independence, the two countries