The cinema of Pakistan refers to Pakistan's film industry. Most of the feature films shot in Pakistan are in Urdu language but may also include films in Punjabi, Pashto, Balochi or Sindhi languages. It is all mainly in Lahore and fondly they call it Lollywood on the line of Bollywood. Before partition in 1947, Lahore was a major film center where as early as the 1920s silent movies were made. The first film of Pakistan was made by Mr. Lal, released in 1948, Teri Yaad in Urdu language. It didn't succeed at box office but Lahore kept going on. The very next venture was in Punjabi named Pharey in 1949. After that the journey of Punjabi cinema continued and never looked back.
...view middle of the document...
During the 50s, society was overwhelmingly agrarian and urbanization had not picked up. Therefore, most films revolved around the romances between shehri (urban) babus and rural beauties, or old Nawab families’ domestic conspiracies. Of course, a few films like Kartar Singh excellently portrayed the tragedies of Punjab’s partition, but these films were exceptions. Chanway was a block buster. It was the first Pakistani film to be directed by a woman, Madam Noor Jehan.
Era of 60s:
60s is known as the golden era of film history. The film trend changed during 60s, when most Punjabi movies mainly concentrated on class contradictions. The most popular films of that era portrayed the struggle of the oppressed classes. A few anti-colonialism films like Nizam Lohar, Jabro and Malangi were also big hits at the box office. Punjabi films were the harbinger of the great uprising of 1968-70 led by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. The slogans of this movement were largely derived from the revolutionary themes prevailing in the film industry.
Era of 70s:
In 70s Punjabi cinema was still doing well with themes like romance in block buster Heer Ranjha. But gradually with political upheaval in the country themes of the movies also changed their shape.
Era of 80s:
Cinema of 80s was only dominated by just one genre and that is violance, action and crime. In 79 the release of Maulla Jutt brought the sudden change in Punjabi cinema and soft romantic immage of Punjab has tottly changed into Gandasa culture.
Era of 90s to onwards:
Gandassa culture introduced by Moulla Jutt influenced badly on Punjabi films even the films of 90s and 2000 are still under its influence. Chorian, Majajun and Mohabtan sachian are exceptions. Violance and crime are still major film generes.
Music of Punjabi films:
Punjabi films have always producing good music even the 1st Pakistani film Pherey was a musical film. Each decade has its own speciallity in music:
Music of 50s:
Madam Noor Jehan with her sweet melodious voice mesmerise the audience with her ever green song “Mundya Sialkotia”. Situational romantic songs were speciallity of this era.
Music of 60s:
60s had its own rich musical flavor dominated by Noor Jehan’s melodious voice. Innayat Hussian Bhatti also added flover to the music of 60s with his folk songs chan mery Makhna and Chik tan lai are milestone of 60s music.
Music of 70s:
At the start of 70 block buster Heer Ranjha’s romantic music mesmerise the listners. Jadon holi jae laina mera naa, wanglee walia and cahl chaliay dunya dy us nukray are still in memories of listners.
Music of 80s:
80s was the time of decline in film music. Unsituational songs and vulgur lyrics became part of music.
Music of 90s:
Music of 90s has variation in it. On one side hit music of Chorian captures the attention of listners and on the other hand 3rd rated songs also manopolise the Punjabi cinema.
Fashion In Punjabi Films:
Fashion in films has did not changed much of its shape over the...