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Paper Recycling

4041 words - 17 pages

Paper recycling is the process of recovering waste paper and remaking it into new paper products. There are three categories of paper that can be used as feedstocks for making recycled paper: mill broke, pre-consumer waste, and post-consumer waste.[1] Mill broke is paper trimmings and other paper scrap from the manufacture of paper, and is recycled internally in a paper mill. Pre-consumer waste is material which left the paper mill but was discarded before it was ready for consumer use. Post-consumer waste is material discarded after consumer use, such as old corrugated containers (OCC), old magazines, old newspapers (ONP), office paper, old telephone directories, and residential mixed ...view middle of the document...

91 t) of paper saves 17 mature trees, 7 thousand US gallons (26 m3) of water, 3 cubic yards (2.3 m3) of landfill space, 2 barrels of oil (84 US gal or 320 l), and 4,100 kilowatt-hours (15 GJ) of electricity — enough energy to power the average American home for six months.[22]
▪ Although paper is traditionally identified with reading and writing, communications has now been replaced by packaging as the single largest category of paper use at 41% of all paper used.[23]
▪ 115 billion sheets of paper are used annually for personal computers.[24] The average web user prints 28 pages daily.[25]
▪ Most corrugated fiberboard boxes have over 25% recycled fibers[citation needed]. Some are 100% recycled fiber.

References

1. ^ "Debunking the Myths of Recycled Paper". Recycling Point Dot Com. Archived from the original on October 6, 2006. Retrieved 2007-02-04.
2. ^ Debunking the Myths . .
3. ^ Hershkowitz, A. (2002). Bronx ecology. Washington DC: Island Press. p. 62
4. ^ a b Martin, Sam (2004). "Paper Chase". Ecology Communications, Inc.. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
5. ^ "Trends and Current Status of the Contribution of the Forestry Sector to National Economies". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2004. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
6. ^ "Environmental Paper Network". Green Press Initiative. 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
7. ^ Marcot, Bruce G. (1992). "How Many Recycled Newspapers Does It Take to Save A Tree?". The Ecology Plexus. Retrieved 2007-09-22.
8. ^ "Certification Tracking products from the forest to the shelf!". Retrieved 2007-09-21.
9. ^ EarthWorks Group. 1990. “The Recycler’s Handbook”. Berkeley, CA: The EarthWorks Press
10. ^ Recycling Paper & Glass "SavingEnergy Recycling Paper & Glass". Energy Information Administration. September 2006. Retrieved 2007-10-20.
11. ^ "Information about Recycling". Bureau of International Recycling. Archived from the originalon September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-20.
12. ^ "Recycle - Save Energy". South Carolina Electric & Gas Company. 1991. Archived from the original on September 11, 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-20.
13. ^ Jeffries, Tom (27 March 1997). "Kraft pulping: Energy consumption and production". University of Wisconsin Biotech Center. Retrieved 2007-10-21.
14. ^ Biermann, Christopher J. (1993). Essentials of Pulping and Papermaking. San Diego: Academic Press, Inc.. ISBN 0-12-097360-X.
15. ^ "Executive Summary: Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: 2005 Facts and Figures"(PDF). US Environmental Protection Agency. 200. Archived from the original on September 12, 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-23.
16. ^ "Recycle on the Go: Basic Information". US Environmental Protection Agency. 18 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-30.
17. ^ MacFadden, Todd; Michael P. Vogel (June 1996). "Facts About Paper". Printers' National Environmental Assistance Center, Montana State University. Retrieved 2007-10-30.
18. ^ "Recycling Paper and Glass". US Department of Energy....

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