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Parenting Styles Essay

2502 words - 11 pages

Authoritarian Parenting Style: The Negative Effect On Children

Abstract

The Authoritarian Parenting Style is one of four parenting styles used to rear children. Authoritarian Parenting style is described by Feldman (2011) as “parents that are controlling, punitive, rigid, cold. Their word is law, and they value strict, unquestioning obedience……; they do not tolerate expressions of disagreement (p.251).” Because children are unable to explore their own feelings, values and opinions, they, grow up with various negative effects. Some of those effects are anxiety, low self-esteem, lack of social skills and bullying other people. The negative effects, that these children inherit, ...view middle of the document...

They place little or no limits or control on their children’s behavior (p. 251).” The permissive parenting style in many respects is comparable to the authoritarian parenting style because, the characteristics of the children are the same for both parenting styles. The children tend to not fare well socially, they are withdrawn. Children raised with this parenting style tend to “lack self control, are moody and are not very friendly ( Feldman.2011.).” In this parenting style, children are not given structure and limits which in turn inhibits them from adjusting to various settings. Children of permissive parents lack boundaries and sometimes infringe on others boundaries. They don’t follow rules outside of the home setting because boundaries are not declared in the home. Some of the children from these household’s sometimes-not all- grow up delinquents defying legal boundaries.

Authoritative is the parenting style proven to give children the best balance of structure and the freedom of the child to explore parameters. Authoritative parenting style is described by Feldman (2011) as “parents are firm, setting clear and consistent limits…they tend to be strict…they are loving and emotionally supportive. They also try to reason with their children….they encourage their children to be independent (p.251).” Authoritative parents provide structure, strict expectations, however, are loving and supportive of their children. They allow their children to use their reasoning skills by explaining why it is necessary to do certain task or make certain decisions. These parents give their children tools to make great decisions in future transactions of life. Children raised in this environment are “friendly, independent….they have a strong motivation to achieve (Feldman.2011)”. This parenting style takes a guiding approach to our children’s lives. The parents enable them to be independent thinkers therefore they are about to engage their rationalization skills. Based on Feldman (2011) in adolescence there is a transition in the prefrontal cortex where myelination contributes to the adolescences’ ability to reason. Myelination according to Feldman (2011) “is the process in which nerve cell are insulated by a covering of fat cells-increases and continues to make the transmissions of neural messages more efficient (pg, 358).” Adolescence asks more questions because of a new ability they have, not just to be a nuisance. An authoritative parent would encourage these teenagers to be independent thinkers and allow them to safely explore their thoughts. Great thinkers are an asset to our community and ultimately to the world.

Uninvolved parents are just that- not involved. They believe their role is to feed and clothe the child without providing support, guidance or input. Uninvolved parents “Display indifferent, rejecting behavior…. They are detached emotionally ….in the most extreme form….results in neglect ( Feldman.2011).” The lack of...

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