The manipulation of drugs goes far back to 4000 B.C. The American society has
been familiar with drugs since 1700’s. Drugs back then were mainly used for medical
and therapeutic purpose, but, there were no knowledge of any addictive characteristics.
The trends with these drugs have changed constantly throughout the years with the
results that has been influenced by the American society.
The soldiers of the Civil War was given morphine as an anesthetic for pain
without realizing the addiction. It brings. John Pemberton the founder of Coca-Cola, this
bevage had caffeine and cocaine in it. In 1906, the Pure Food and Drug act required a
list of all ingredients on the package so it can be seen by the consumer and by doing
this, the cocaine was removed from the beverage and removed from a lot of other
Alcohol and drugs was not just used for medical issues, they were also used
inappropriately. Back in the 70’s drugs were very popular in the ...view middle of the document...
According to the Center on
Alcohol Marketing and Youth (2008), advertisers spent more than two billion dollars on
alcohol in 2005. This includes television, radio and printed media. Men tend to drink
more the women and it shows in all the advertisements that are towards men, sports
figures and pretty women on their side. According to Maxwell (2006), “Emergency
department visits involving non-medical use of pharmaceuticals usually involve multiple
drugs as well as alcohol.” The Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN ED) reported in
2004 that over a million visits to the emergency room were drug related due to misuse
and patients between the ages of “ 21 and 54 had the highest rates of emergency
department visits for reported drugs” (Maxwell, 2006). Many health problems in the
United States exist and can be attributed to drug abuse.
Prescription and over the counter drugs is a rising trend for illegal use. It is also
so easy for teenagers to get their hands on. Cough syrup and some prescription
a medication gives that high feeling of euphoria. The most popular prescription is
opioids Vicodin and OxyContin, benzodiazepines like Xanaz and stimulants like
Even though many drugs have legitimate purposes such as medicinal purposes,
these same drugs can create life threatening problems when abused. Stimulants
increase the heart rate and blood pressure and can be the cause of insomnia. When an
abuser stops using stimulants, withdrawal symptoms can include depression and
irritability. Depressants create a feeling of disorientation in the user, along with dizziness
or drowsiness. Depressants can become deadly when mixed with alcohol. Withdrawal
from depressants can create convulsions, anxiety, and insomnia and can lead to death.
Narcotics are used for sedation and when abused can damage the respiratory and
cardiovascular systems (Carroll, 2000).
Carroll, C. (2000). Drugs in Modern Society (5th ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill..
UCSC AOD Abuse Prevention Program (2006). Alcohol and other drug abuse
prevention program. Retrieved April 15, 2007, from
Staff (2007, October 7). Crack vs powder cocaine: a gulf in penalties. U.S. News &
World Report. Retrieved from http://politics.usnews.com/news/