Pearl Harbor Essay

1157 words - 5 pages

Pearl HarborThe attacks of Pearl Harbor were very random and very harmful to the US. You will see the damage, the good and the bad throughout these attacks.The leaders of the armed forces of Japan become conscious of the fact that America's marine strength was one of the biggest threats of the United States to the Japanese armed forces. The Commander-in-chief of the Japanese navy, began to plan out a shock attack on the United States Pacific Fleet, in 1941. They figured that before the United States could recover from a massive surprise attack like this, that the Japanese would be able to take control of what they were going to do in the Far East, and could then last all the way through the ...view middle of the document...

On the airfields the Japanese destroyed 161 American planes (Army- 74 planes were destroyed, Navy- 87 planes were destroyed) and seriously damaged 102 (Army- 71 planes were seriously damaged, Navy- 31 planes were seriously damaged).The Navy and Marine Corps suffered a total of 2,896 casualties of which 2,117 were deaths (Navy 2,008 casualties died, Marines 109 casualties died) and 779 wounded (Navy 710 casualties were wounded, Marines 69 casualties were wounded). The Army (as of midnight, December 10th) lost 228 killed or died of wounds, 113 seriously wounded and 346 slightly wounded. In addition, at least 57 civilians were killed and nearly as many were seriously injured.The Japanese lost 29 planes over Oahu, one large submarine (on 10 December), and all five of the midget submarines. Their personnel losses (according to Japanese sources) were 55 airmen, nine crewmen on the midget submarines, and an unknown number on the large submarines. The Japanese carrier task force sailed away undetected.On December 8, 1941, within less than an hour after a stirring, six-minute address by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Congress voted, with only one member dissenting, that a state of war existed between the United States and Japan, and empowered the President to wage war with all the resources of the country.Four days after Pearl Harbor, December 11, 1941, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States. Congress, this time without a dissenting vote, immediately recognized the existence of a state of war with Germany and Italy, and also rescinded an article of the Selective Service Act prohibiting the use of American armed forces beyond the Western Hemisphere.Despite the damage inflicted on the US navy, there were a few good things that took place as a result of the attack. First, the carriers, Lexington and Enterprise, which were expected by the Japanese to be in port, were at sea delivering planes to Midway and Wake. The Japanese were planning their attack centered on these carriers. Because they were not present during the bombing, the Japanese had to...

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