Peer Effects In Physical Training Essay

1565 words - 7 pages

Title: Peers Effects in Physical Training

Название: Влияние товарищей на занятие спортом

Студент/ Student: Tsay Vladimir
Научный руководитель/ Supervisor:

Yakovlev Evgeny Denisova Irina
Оценка/ Grade:

Подпись/ Signature:

Москва 2012/2013


In many cases peer effects play significant role but they are not trivial to measure. That is why this issue became popular recently. Most works consider negative peer effects such as excessive alcohol consumption and risky behavior and describe measures to reduce consequences of such undesirable behavior. Instead of direct intervention one may think of indirect influence, for example, substitution ...view middle of the document...

Kremer and Levy used random assignment of peers to track peer effects. Yakovlev exploited complex model with peers’ utilities to get rid of side effects and get pure peer effect. In this paper I follow the letter approach. Peer effects are also widely represented in other fields such as academical studies (see Hoxby), workplace (see Moretti and Mas), in situations where a decision of a person is closely connected with decisions of peers. Participation in sport events is one of these situations. Liu, Patacchini, and Zenou 2011 found significant peer effect for sport activities. In their model, peers influence on individual’s utility. The higher the number of friends is involved in sport, the stronger this influence is. The similar model is shown in Salvy et al. 2008. It considers social involvedness of an individual as a determining factor: a person chooses different levels of physical activity in case of physically active friends and friends with sedentary lifestyle. In this paper I examine key factors for physical activity in Russian population and study the role of peer effects in this context. The following parts contain data description, a model, results and conclusion.

2. Data In my research I use Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS). This survey is based on various questions about person’s household, education, job, income, health, and other characteristics. Among them there are questions about sport occupations, which are particularly useful for this study. To provide representative sample of Russian population designers of RLMS randomly pick region, then pick district in this region and, finally, a household in this district (to learn more about the methodology please visit RLMS official site Another advantage of this database is large number of observations. Every year interviewers poll more than ten thousand people. This research is based on RLMS Round II database, which includes observations since 1994 up to 2007, excluding 1997 and 1999 years. Overall it yields 120457 observations. Peer definition. How to determine peer connection in such a large sample? The structure of RLMS helps us answer this question. Every person is subscribed to voting district: a small territory unit which contains about 250 people. The key assumption is that people of a same age and gender know each other inside this district. This is our peer group. An average peer group consist of 8 people. To check this assumption I follow Yakovlev 2012. He noticed that people increase their alcohol consumption in the month when they have a birthday, and this increase is statistically significant. In a birthday month alcohol consumption increases on 15% (regression 1 in appendix). If peers within our group were socially connected, their alcohol consumption would increase in case of peer’s birthday too. This actually takes place (regression 2 in appendix). A birthday of one peer (out of 8) increases monthly vodka...

Other Essays Like Peer Effects in Physical Training

Pressure Peer And Agressive Behavior Essay

2622 words - 11 pages relationships of young children: Affiliative choices and the shaping of aggressive behavior. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 26, 145–156. Sroufe, L. A. & Rutter, M. (1984). The domain of developmental psychopathology. Child Development, 54, 17–29. Werner, N. E., & Crick, N. R. (2004). Maladaptive peer relationships and the development of relational and physical aggression during middle childhood. Social Development, 13(4), 495-514. Wright, J. C., Giammarino, M., & Parad, H. W. (1986). Social status in small groups: Individual-group similarity and the social “misfit.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 50(3), 523.

Peer Pressure Essay

755 words - 4 pages alcohol and felt you had to try it so that everyone could see that you are cool, or at least, not “un” cool. Peer pressure comes at you in many forms, from many directions and can affect you on daily basis. Think: “What pressure did I face today?” But peer pressure is not always negative. There are negative and positive effects of peer pressure. Peer pressure can be positive if the peers help change the person for the better. However youths are not

Hi/Aids at the Workplace

5897 words - 24 pages | | |Lower physical and human investment |( reduced growth trajectory | |Class biased impacts |( uneven welfare effects | Source: Arndt and Lewis in The South African Journal of Economics (2000, Vol. 68, No.5) , p.861 There is inconsistent knowledge of the

Academic Intrest

257 words - 2 pages My interest in education began when my school offered a Peer Leadership Program, where selected seniors help incoming freshman cope with the academic and social pressures of transitioning from the Middle School to the Upper School. My election to this elite course started in my junior year by submitting applications to be reviewed by the selection committee, and culminated with the recommendation for acceptance by the Administration. In the Peer

Peer Pressure It Affects Everyone

523 words - 3 pages having painful, putting down, and depressing effects on people. Teenagers will tease someone about how they look or act or smell an that puts down the person so that they feel as if they do not fit in because they do not have enough money or the right clothes like everyone else has."Some ways to stop negative peer pressure are by just simply just saying NO. BUt usually that is not so simple for now-a-days teenagers. THey are not always able to resist the peer pressure by just saying NO. Sometimes if there is negative peer pressure going on around you, you should just get up and leave if you do not think that you would be able to resist it by just saying NO."

Interclean Career Development Plan Part 2

1606 words - 7 pages narrow 90 to 180 day turn around for the completion of training, and a tight budgetary constraint, the decision has been made to focus on specific areas. The following areas have been identified as essential knowledge for the sales team given the background noted in the previous paragraph: Compliance, Regulatory, Sanitation, Solution based selling, Service and products available, Customer and peer focused training. Other areas of personal

Peer Pressure

1145 words - 5 pages . The direct effect can be observed in the grades. The teenager will not only learn to focus on his studies but will also show an inclination in getting involved and participating is several extra curricular and sports activities in school. Whether the peer group comprises of school friends, neighborhood friends or cousins of an extended family, the effect can always be seen on your child. Amongst the other apparent effects, you will find that

7 Reasons the Police Culture Is Broken

899 words - 4 pages leaders and trainers to think differently.1. Too many agencies still believe that putting someone in a leadership position makes him or her a leader. We fail to provide leadership training, and then wonder why we have a leadership void.The Solution: We need to acknowledge leadership is never about rank, position, or title. Those put you in a leadership position, but they do not make you a leader. Next, we need to understand leadership can be learned

With Reference to the Military Occupational Fitness Requirements, Provide a Rational for Fitness Tests Used by Army Pti

1963 words - 8 pages . “The more you sweat in peace, the less you bleed in war.” (Whitfield, 2013) There are 6 key physical fitness operational tests that are used by the British Army known as Operational Fitness Tests (OFTs). These tests are used to assess a soldier’s fitness capability before deploying on operations. These OFTs are not part of Military Annual Training Tests (MATT 2) and do not need to be passed or completed each training year. Instead OFTs have

Challenges Among Young Adults

856 words - 4 pages effects of the most prominent emotional challenges/problems young adults face by first looking at single households, by second, reflecting on low self esteem due to bullying and certain environmental factors and by third, looking at the trying time youth have in forming their own identity and purpose in life despite outward pressures. I. Introduction A. Growing up in a single parent household has been found to cause emotional challenges

Development Through the Life Stages

1508 words - 7 pages education for. For emotional, the groups may lead to becoming violent towards other people which will bring out aggression in them, they may also have a friendly group which won’t do any harm to people. For social, being in groups will give them the opportunity to develop their social skills, which includes leadership, teamwork or sharing. | The physical side effect is they will have a reduce the performance at all the physical training they

Related Papers

The Pros And Cons Of Peer Pressure

1656 words - 7 pages drinking and being known as “cool” and “fun” then that is what they will do. When people hear peer pressure they think of negative influences such as drugs, alcohol, teen pregnancy and how that all can affect you in the future. Peer pressure is words of encouragement, criticism and persuasion; it can have a huge impact on your physical and emotional health. Most teenagers get pressured into using drugs and drinking alcohol by their peers. Did you

Gender Differences In Aggression Essay

1185 words - 5 pages having power, and occurring in small groups. There are two distinct forms of aggression within this definition, overt (physical) and relational (verbal). Crick and Grotpeter (1995) state that the distinction between overt and relational aggression is related to gender. To be specific, the types of aggressive behaviors displayed within peer groups differ between same-sex groups. It was previously assumed that girls used strictly relational

Violence In The Workplace Essay

648 words - 3 pages Violence in the Workplace When discussing violence in the workplace, it is often thought of in the context of supervisory bullying; however in recent years, it has come to light that it is increasingly present on a peer basis. Bullying in the workforce can be in many different forms, such as, verbal, physical, and psychological. Certain employment situations are more at risk than others for critical incidents. According to Kondrasuk et al

Child Development Essay

1252 words - 6 pages because of his education he might be seen as being a ‘brainbox’ Child B: A mature girl, who has developed faster than peer group (more male attention) Physical: Proud of her assets, more aware of her body Language: More confident in the way she speaks Emotional: Although she is physically a woman has many traits of a child. Social: More outgoing, enjoying the attention of boys Intellectual: Viewed as