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Performance Of Serbian Agricutural Policy Essay

3831 words - 16 pages

Univerzitet u Novom Sadu,
Ekonomski fakultet Subotica
(odeljenje u Novom Sadu)

SEMINARSKI RAD IZ AGRARNE POLITIKE EVROPSKE UNIJE
Tema: Performanse agrarnog sektora Srbije

Mentor: Student:
Prof. dr. Koviljko Lovre Marina Perica P010/11
Asistent Marinko Kresoja

Novi Sad, 2014. godina

Sadržaj:
Sadržaj............................................................................................. 2
Uvod................................................................................................ 3
Stanje i razvoj poljoprivrede Srbije................................................. 3
Analiza ...view middle of the document...

.................................................14


Uvod
Može se reći da Srbija ima komparativne prednosti u pogledu poljoprivredne proizvodnje jer raspolaže velikim površinama obradivog zemljišta, ima povoljan geografski položaj i klimatske uslove. Prirodni potencijali nisu dovoljno iskorišćeni što negativno utiče na prinose koji još uvek nisu dostigli nivo od pre sankcija. Neophodno je preduzeti određene mere u cilju povećanja konkurentnosti domaćih poljoprivrednih proizvoda i boljeg iskorišćenja poljoprivrednih kapaciteta.
Poslednjih godina je prisutna tendencija pada poljoprivrednog stanovništva i stanja agrara. Nepovoljna posedovna struktura poljoprivrednog zemljišta u Srbiji predstavlja prepreku u primeni savremene tehnologije proizvodnje i korišćenja mehanizacije. Srbija poseduje dobru mrežu kanala za navodnjavanje koji su nedovoljno iskorišćeni. Podzemne vode na gazdinstvu predstavljaju glavni izvor navodnjavanja, a kao metodi najčešće se koriste površinsko navodnjavanje, orošavanje i metoda kap po kap.
Nekontrolisan uvoz mesa za preradu u domaćim klanicama koji je uticao na oscilacije cena stoke i nemogućnost uticaja na poslovnu politiku privatnih klanica obeshrabrili su vlasnike poljoprivrednih gazdinstava da ulažu u stočarsku proizvodnju.
Uprkos niskim prinosima, poljoprivreda Srbije ostvaruje značajne izvozne rezultate. Najviše izvozi žitarice, dok je izvoz mesa i mesnih prerađevina simboličan.
Država je bitan faktor u razvoju poljoprivrede, koja izdvajanjima za direktna plaćanja i podsticaje treba da pomogne poljoprivrednim proizvođačima da povećaju konkurentnost i ostvare veći prinos.
Stanje i razvoj poljoprivrede Srbije
Poljoprivreda Srbije doživela je svoj procvat 80-tih godina prošlog veka. Narednu deceniju karakteriše veliki pad u svim pokazateljima razvoja poljoprivrede, a početkom 21. veka poljoprivreda je ušla u fazu tranzicije što je podrazumevalo privatizaciju i istovremeno odsustvo adekvatnih mera razvojne poljoprivredne politike.
Poljoprivreda je posebno značajan sektor privrede za ekonomski razvoj Republike Srbije. Njen specifičan položaj proizilazi iz ekonomskog, socijalnog i ekološkog značaja, pri čemu je istovremeno i nosilac ruralnog razvoja. U periodu 2001.-2010. godine, učešće primarne poljoprivrede u realizaciji BDP Republike Srbije kretalo se u rasponu 24,6-9,7%, što ukazuje na veliki doprinos nacionalnom bogatstvu.
Povoljni prirodni uslovi u Srbiji pogoduju razvoju poljoprivredne proizvodnje: industrijskog bilja, žitarica, voća i povrća, semenskog i sadnog materijala, lekovitog bilja, krupne i sitne stoke. Razvoj primarne poljoprivredne proizvodnje je važan zbog direktnog uticaja na prehrambenu industriju: konditorsku, sokova, šećera, piva, ulja, brašna, mesa i dr.
Važan zadatak srpske poljoprivrede je povećanje konkurentnosti, pronalazak novih tržišta, prilagođavanje pravilima i standardima EU i STO, nove tehnologije i znanja, koji će spremno odgovoriti na pritiske konkurencije na domaćem i...

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