What is Personality?
* The sum total of ways in which the individual reacts and interacts with others.
* Measurable traits that a person exhibits.
- factors determined at conception; genetics
- culture in which we were raised; norms among our family, friends, social groups.
- changes in different wsituations, some adversely, others hardly.
* Enduring characteristics that describe an individual’s behavior
Primary traits – 16 traits found to be generally steady and constant sources of behavior.
Reserved, serious, trusting, practical, conservative, relaxed, timid, ...view middle of the document...
* Moderated by situational factors: minimal rules, less emotional involvement, face to face.
* SELF ESTEEM
- Individual’s degree ofliking or disliking themselves.
Ex. Hi self esteem will take more risks; may choose unconventional jobs.
- Individuals ability to adjust behavior to external situational factors.
Ex. Hi self monitoring can behave differently in different situations.
* RISK TAKING
- Willingness and propensity to take risks.
Ex. Hi risk taker made more rapid decisions, needs less information to decide.
* TYPE A
- Alway moving, walking, eating rapidly; feel impatient with almost everything; can think and do two or more things at once; cannot cope with leisure time; obsessed with numbers.
Ex. Fast worker, thrives on deadlines, stress, less creative, sales persons.
* TYPE B
- No sense of urgency; play for fun rather than display of superiority; can relax without guilt.
Ex. Quality more than quantity, tactful, more likely gets to the top.
Person – Job Fit
* Satisfaction is at its highest and turnover at its lowest when personality and occupation are in agreement.
Ex. Realistic, social, investigative, conventional, enterprising, artistic.
Choosing an Occupational Orientation
(personality based Ref:pp 104 John Holland)
Examples of Occupations that Typify Each Occupational Theme
Realistic | Investigative | Artistic | Social | Enterprising | Conventional |
Engineers | Physicians | Advertising Executives | Auto Sales Dealers |
A Wide Range of Managerial Occupations, including: | Accountants |
Carpenters | Psychologists | Public Relations Executives | School Administrators | Military Officers | Bakers...