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Personality Essay

699 words - 3 pages

What is Personality?
* The sum total of ways in which the individual reacts and interacts with others.
* Measurable traits that a person exhibits.
Personality Determinants
* HEREDITY
- factors determined at conception; genetics
* ENVIRONMENT
- culture in which we were raised; norms among our family, friends, social groups.
* SITUATION
- changes in different wsituations, some adversely, others hardly.
Personality Traits
* Enduring characteristics that describe an individual’s behavior
Primary traits – 16 traits found to be generally steady and constant sources of behavior.
Examples:
Reserved, serious, trusting, practical, conservative, relaxed, timid, ...view middle of the document...

* Moderated by situational factors: minimal rules, less emotional involvement, face to face.
* SELF ESTEEM
- Individual’s degree ofliking or disliking themselves.
Ex. Hi self esteem will take more risks; may choose unconventional jobs.
* SELF-MONITORING
- Individuals ability to adjust behavior to external situational factors.
Ex. Hi self monitoring can behave differently in different situations.
* RISK TAKING
- Willingness and propensity to take risks.
Ex. Hi risk taker made more rapid decisions, needs less information to decide.
* TYPE A
- Alway moving, walking, eating rapidly; feel impatient with almost everything; can think and do two or more things at once; cannot cope with leisure time; obsessed with numbers.
Ex. Fast worker, thrives on deadlines, stress, less creative, sales persons.
* TYPE B
- No sense of urgency; play for fun rather than display of superiority; can relax without guilt.
Ex. Quality more than quantity, tactful, more likely gets to the top.
Person – Job Fit
* Satisfaction is at its highest and turnover at its lowest when personality and occupation are in agreement.
Ex. Realistic, social, investigative, conventional, enterprising, artistic.

Figure 10-A1
Choosing an Occupational Orientation
(personality based Ref:pp 104 John Holland)

Table 10-A1
Examples of Occupations that Typify Each Occupational Theme
Realistic | Investigative | Artistic | Social | Enterprising | Conventional |
Engineers | Physicians | Advertising Executives | Auto Sales Dealers |
A Wide Range of Managerial Occupations, including: | Accountants |
Carpenters | Psychologists | Public Relations Executives | School Administrators | Military Officers | Bakers...

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