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Personality Disorders Essay

3177 words - 13 pages

Personality Disorders Overview
In order to understand disorders of personality is it necessary to have a clear understanding of what personality actually means. Every single person in the world has a unique personality different than everyone else. Our personalities are thought of as the way we act, think, believe, and feel that makes us different from each other (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2011). Personalities vary from person to person, and we all exhibit an intense, life long, pattern of behaviors, thoughts, and feelings known as traits. Personality traits are said to be stable throughout our life’s and the situations we are faced with in life. Personality traits can range from happy and ...view middle of the document...

Knowledge of these two currently used theories helps to explain diagnosis criteria and treatment for the personality disorders including in this report. This paper will report on three personality disorders known as Obsessive Compulsive, Borderline, and Substance abuse disorders.
Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder
Obsessive compulsive personality disorder (OCD) falls in the DSM IV_TR classifications of Cluster C meaning anxious or fearful disorders (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2011). People with this disorder are constantly anxious or in fear and their behaviors are intended to ward off those fears. In addition, people with OCD have patterns of distorted thoughts (obsessions) and behaviors (compulsions). Some of the characteristics of OCD include pre-occupation with control, order, rigid behavior, inflexible, emotional blocked, perfectionism, and become highly anxious with changes in routines (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2011). People are with this disorder are identified as always on time, workaholics, rigid routines, perfectionist and they will take long times to produce a perfect paper no matter how long it takes ( making them less productive in their job performance).
U-Tube Video Review OCD
According to a U-Tube video presentation by Koritzis, (2007) one of the most common symptoms of OCD is fear of contamination with germs, (Koritzis, 2007). The film interviews a woman with OCD, who fears on contamination, have led her to loose her job as well as her marriage, with difficulty in interpersonal relationships even with her daughter and close family members. Her onset with OCD began with the birth of her child and fear that her daughter would become ill if she was to become contaminated by germs. This led to a series of recurrent distressing thoughts and ideations (obsessions) and the feeling of being driven to perform ritualistic (compulsions) behaviors (Koritzis, 2007). She eventually set up her entire house separating items that she considers contaminated in a room and other rooms considered decontaminated after she properly cleanses each one. She washes her hands and kitchen sink from eight to two hundred times a day. She has manipulated her boyfriend and daughter into decontamination rituals before they can even be around her. The woman in this video is self-aware of her behaviors and has not lost the capacity to this insight, but becomes extremely anxious if she is unable to perform in this way. Koritzis, 2007, declares there is a biological predisposition to OCD involving the neurotransmitter serotonin being out of balance, (Koritzis, 2007). Finally, the video shows that treatment with antidepressants and behavior therapy can successfully treat the dysfunctional behaviors.
Questions of Interest OCD
The questions I would wonder about this disorder are when a compulsion or behavior begins, what causes that particular behavior (such as hand washing, locking doors, not stepping on cracks in the sidewalk)? Was there an event...

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