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Personality Theories Essay

1031 words - 5 pages

Richard Gerrig (2013), in his book called Psychology and Life, states that psychodynamic personality theory “is the assumption that powerful inner forces shape
personality and motivate behavior” (pg. 363). This theory believes that personality is
formed by events within the mind or intrapsychic events that lead to behaviors in a person. These intrapsychic events can operate consciously or unconsciously. Freud, the main proponent of this theory, stated that early experiences in a person’s life were the
ones that shaped a person’s personality. Basically, he was saying that a person’s
personality was set in place from childhood. The psychodynamic personality theory
believes that ...view middle of the document...

Also, another difference between the humanistic theory and the psychodynamic theory is that the humanistic theory does not see a person’s present personality and behaviors as something that was unconsciously guided by past experiences. Also, it does not share the idea that personality is set from childhood as psychodynamic theory does. Personal disposition as seen in psychodynamic
theory is a behavior that occurs again and again, but in the humanistic theory a personal disposition is oriented towards growth and creativity, so when it occurs, the person changes a little and the disposition would not occur the same way a second time. One more difference between psychodynamic theory and humanistic theory is that the humanists can use personal accounts as a window to understand how a person views his or herself and his or her interpersonal relationships, meanwhile psychodynamic rejects personal accounts and uses free association and dreams to be able to explore the unconscious. A similarity the humanistic theory has with the psychodynamic theory is that a person is able to use intrapsychic defenses to cope with anxiety.
The humanistic theory is more about the human nature and the qualities humans
share rather than about particular individual characteristics. It makes the point that
everyone tries to reach a goal that is going to lead them towards self-actualization, and it
does not take into account childhood or adult experiences that might limit that person
from moving forward and reaching his or her own well-being and goals. In the
humanistic theory, a person sometimes feels the need to gain approval from the self or
other people and this is why he or she tries to meet his or her obligations or meet certain
conditions. This is one of the main reasons that it is important for an individual to have unconditional love from another person, such as a parent, so the need to gain approval
does not interfere with the individual’s self-actualization.
Another personality theory is Bandura’s cognitive social learning theory. Unlike
the psychodynamic and the humanistic theories, the...

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