Personality Theories Essay

808 words - 4 pages


There are a large number of psychology theories about the human personality that have been studied in a variety of ways. In order for an aspect of a person’s personality to be interesting, it must occur in a large population. Many different descriptions are possible. A personality trait is the permanently embedded patterns of characteristics and behavior that produces the unique individuality that all people possess. No two people are exactly the same, not even identical twins. Much of our understanding of the behavior of other people is based on the assumption that people have certain traits that are consistent in different situations. Which means everyone ...view middle of the document...

He believed that our conscious experiences are only a small portion of our psychological makeup and experience. The theories assumption is that there are two central elements on which our personality is based, psychic energy and unconsciousness. Deep in the unconscious mind are instinctual drives like wishes, desires, demands, and needs that are unknown to our conscious mind and the unconsciousness provides a safe place for our collections of painful or threatening thoughts or memories. This is way Freud believed it was necessary to interpret through clues from the unconsciousness, slips of the tongue, fantasies, and dreams.
Freud developed a comprehensive theory that does not exist physically in the brain; the id, ego, and the superego are concepts of the human personality consisting of three separate interacting components. If your personality was only one component it would be id, which is the raw and unorganized part of your personality. From the time we are born the id would try to immediately reduce tension according to the pleasure principal created by hunger, sex, or aggression because they are driven by psychic energy. Since we don’t always get what we want the second component called the ego balances our desires with reality by making decisions and controlling impulsive actions. The final personality structure is the superego that develops in childhood and is taught by parents what is right and wrong. The superego includes the conscience, which stops us from behaving without morals. Both the superego and...

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