Perspectives Of Personality Essay

1194 words - 5 pages

Perspectives Of Personality
There are many theories of personality, they have been grouped into four basic perspectives: psychoanalytic, humanistic, social cognitive, and traits. The psychoanalytic perspective focused on the importance of the unconscious processes and the influence of early childhood experience. The psychoanalytic perspective suggests that there is a structure to the mind which includes the id, ego, and superego. The id is the completely unconscious, irrational component of the personality. It is not affected by logic, values, morality, danger, or the demands of the external world. The ego is the semi-conscious rational part of the personality and the superego is the ...view middle of the document...

Raymond Cattrell identified sixteen personality traits he believed could be used to understand and measure individual differences in personality. It was Robert Mccrae and Paul Costa who introduced ‘The Big Five" theory. This theory identifies five key dimensions of personality: extraversion, neuroticism, conscientiousness, agreeableness, and openness to experience. (Hockenbury, D.H. & S.E.,2014 pg 441-442)
The Three Theory Comparison
Personality development has been a significant topic of interest in the field of psychology. Personalities are what make us unique. Many theorists developed theories that describe different stages that occur in the development of personality. Some theories that focus on the different aspects of personality development include psychoanalytic, humanistic, and trait perspectives.
Freud's theory of personality "stresses the importance of unconscious forces, sexual and aggressive instincts and early childhood experience" (Hockenbury, 2014). According to Freud, every person possesses a particular amount of psychological energy. This energy develops into three structures of personality: id, ego, and superego. These identities are not separate, they are just distinct psychological processes. Freud's ideas have had a lasting impact on our culture and an understanding of human nature. Although Freud has such a huge impact on psychology and society, there are several criticisms of his theory of psychoanalytic personality. Freud's theory only uses a small number of patients that he never recorded detail information of the data and from self analysis. It is not possible to use Freud's data due to insufficient evidence, lack of testability, as well as in was thought that his theories reflected sexism. (Hockenbury, D.H. & S.E.,2014 pp 442-443)
Another theory is that of Carl Rogers. Humanistic theory "emphasizes human potential and such unique characteristics such as self-awareness and free will" (Hockenbury, 2014). Unlike Freud's view, Humanistic psychologists saw people as being good. Rogers' idea of the self concept which is perceptions and beliefs that one has about himself. Like Freud, "Rogers believed that feelings and experiences could be driven from consciousness by being denied or distorted" (Hockenbury, 2014). However, Rogers believed that feelings are denied or distorted not because they are threatening, but rather they contradict the self-concept. The humanistic perspective has been criticized by the theories being hard to validate or test and psychologists believe that the humanistic point of view is too optimistic. (Hockenbury, D.H. & S.E., 2014 pp 433-436)
The third theory is the trait theory of Robert MCcrae And Paul Costa. The trait theories of personality focus on identifying, describing and measuring individual differences. Many believed Cattrell's trait model was too complex and that Eysenck's theory was too...

Other Essays Like Perspectives Of Personality

Personality Traits Essay

2435 words - 10 pages Behaviour and Mental Health
21: 35–50 John, O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (2nd edition). New York: Guilford. Maltby, J., Day, L.& Macaskill, A. (2010). Personality, Individual Differences & Intelligence. (2nd ed.). Pearson Education Milligan, M. (2003). Optimism

Eating, Substance Abuse, Sex/Gender, Sexual, And Personality Disorders

965 words - 4 pages psychodynamic perspective on personality disorders in general emphasizes disruptive early childhood experiences with caretakers and a reliance on maladaptive defense mechanisms. In paranoid personality disorder, parental criticism and ridicule, and the extreme use of projection, are thought to be central factors. The psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, sociocultural, and biological perspectives have different, but often overlapping or complementary

Environmental Psychology

924 words - 4 pages Environmental Psychology The study of psychology is complex, unique, diverse, and ever-changing. Psychology is defined as “the scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior” (Kowalski & Weston, 2009, p. 4). One of the many disciplines in the dynamic field of psychology is environmental psychology. As with all disciplines of psychology, environmental psychology has a variety of theoretical perspectives. Two such perspectives are

Personality Traits and Political Ideologies

2017 words - 9 pages is easily established that certain aspects of a personality adhere to more of a conservative perspective, like those specifically relating to punitive attitudes, sexuality and life choices and some personality traits adhere more to a liberalist point of view. It was concluded that Liberalist point of views have personality types that are normally higher in Extraversion and Agreeableness and that conservative perspectives are found to have higher

Dissociation and Multiple Personalities (Did)

1007 words - 5 pages OBJECTIVES * To introduce the different perspectives on psychological disorders, and to discuss the controversy surrounding the use of diagnostic labels. * To describe the most prevalent disorders, and to examine their possible causes. * To describe the prevalence of the different psychological disorders. * To investigate how Dissociative identity occur among woman * How the family members handle the situation with DID suffer

Ted Hughes - Birthday Letters Anthology

1309 words - 6 pages insight into her mind provides Hughes with a conflicting perspective on Plath’s personality. Contrasting to the previous two poems of a single person’s varying perspectives of the same issue, Hughes’ recollection of their honeymoon in Paris is an example of two different people viewing the same place as completely opposite from one another in “Your Paris”. Plath’s perspective of Paris was of a culturally and socially romantic city that was

Psychoanalytic Theories

1221 words - 5 pages attempt to explain the means to the disorder and chaos within the mind of a human suffering from several crippling mental illnesses. References Feist, J., & Feist, G. (2009). Theories of personality (7th ed.). New York: McGraw Hill. Freud, S. (1949). An outline of psychoanalysis. New York: Norton. Carver, C. S., & Scheier, M. F. (2000). Perspectives on personality (4th ed.) Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Goldberg, A. (1988) A Fresh Look at Psychoanalysis: The View from Self Psychology. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.

Worker's Comp

918 words - 4 pages Organizational Behavior: The “Big 5” Personality Traits Affecting Individual Performance Name Institution Introduction With the currently increasing trends of international business globalization, firms are being left with no other option other than fighting to expand to the international level. This means that they have to operate in different business ground other than the native home. The concurrent influential impact is self

Communication and Collaboration

1251 words - 6 pages team should be conscious of the diverse learning styles and personality types to avoid misinterpretations or confusion, and have a smooth work process. The advantage of knowing of the individualities that puts together other learning styles and personality types, it’s that every person of the team will develop great skills to effectively communicate and collaborate with others. The results on the Multiple Pathways to Learning and the

Psy 201 Week 1

666 words - 3 pages person has to do with the way that your environment shapes your personality. Which of the following perspectives supports his theory? A. Biological B. Cognitive C. Behavioral D. Humanistic Correct: The Correct Answer is: C. Concept: ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Mastery 100% Questions 10 10. Billy was surprised when he studied Plato that Plato also considered some of the same kinds of issues that they discussed in his psychology course. Billy's discovery highlights the ______ roots of psychology A. functional B. philosophical C. biological D. sociocultural Correct: The Correct Answer is: B.

Foundations of Psychology

1295 words - 6 pages of consciousness as well as the experimental nature he possessed structuralism and functionalism were born. As well was set these were the leading schools of thought that actually were the primary beginnings of early psychology. A text was written and published by then one William James called Principals of Psychology (Kowalski & Westen, 2005). Perspectives in Psychology Over the years, the evolution of new and different approaches were

Related Papers

Personality Theories Essay

808 words - 4 pages is at the core of studies in psychology. The more you understand about your own personality, and how others perceive you and react to your own personality and style. REFERENCES Carver, C. S., & Scheier, M. F. (2000). Perspectives on personality (4th ed.) Boston: Allyn and Bacon Burger, J. M. (1993). Personality (3rd ed.) Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole Schultz, D., & Schultz, S.E. (1994). Theories

The Learning Perspective Essay

1242 words - 5 pages person’s relationship is based on the individual’s personality. In other words, we tend to seek others that match our temperament and personality. Reference Carver, C. S., & Scheier, M. F. (2000). Perspectives on personality (4th ed.) Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Feist, J., & Feist, G. (2009). Theories of personality (7th ed.). New York: McGraw Hill

How Personality Types Correlate With Specific Disease Risks

1595 words - 7 pages , close relationships and other social interactions. There are a number of different theories about how personality develops. Some of these major perspectives on personality include: • Type theories are the early perspectives on personality. These theories suggested that there are a limited number of "personality types" which are related to biological influences. • Trait theories viewed personality as the result of internal characteristics that

Personality Paper

1275 words - 6 pages . Many of the theories are defined under four major perspectives: the Psychoanalytic Perspective, the Humanistic Perspective, the Social Cognitive Perspective, and the Trait Perspective. Each of these perspectives defines, recognizes, and simplifies the ability to understand the human personality. For instance, Sigmund Freud was considered an influential contributor based on his contribution and development of the Psychoanalytic Theory