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Suicide is understood as an act of ending ones’ own life voluntarily. It ...view middle of the document...
On a more general level, he explains how a person is born into a community and therefore is a part of that community; and so by killing himself he is injuring the community. He finally turns to religion and explains that life is a gift of God, and when someone terminates his life he would be sinning to God. Other thinkers in the middle ages like St. Augustine also wrote strongly against suicide as a sin. All religions condemn suicide from the stand point that the soul is not something that we own; it is the source of our lives given to us by God and taken away by God hence terminating our lives is an act against God and therefore a great sin. So people who follow religion won’t argue about the morality of such an act as this is a sin and all sins are simply not justifiable when they are committed by the full knowledge and willingness of the sinner. In Islam suicide is not allowed, however if someone martyrs himself for God during combat in the name of Islam, this is not suicide, because suicide in Islam is an act against God.
On the other hand, Greek and Roman philosophers had a different view about suicide. Most of them accepted that there were certain circumstances whereby committing suicide would be an honor such as when this is done to save the lives of others. Even early Christians were ambivalent about suicide as they viewed their religion based on martyrdom. Another example would be a woman committing suicide to avoid being raped. Those people would argue that committing suicide under circumstance like these are heroic acts and should be praised and honored.
A Utilitarian would further justify this according to his belief that an act that maximizes happiness is a proper act hence if someone commits suicide because this act rids him of all his miseries and thereby maximizes his joy; then it is a correct act. This can be argued however in the sense that the person committing suicide is not necessarily going to experience happiness once he terminates his life simply because we don’t know what awaits him on the other side. There are therefore three general arguments:
1. The first is religiously based which condemns suicide and regards it as a grave sin.
2. The second justifies suicide under certain conditions
3. The third regards it as a justifiable act as long as it leads to happiness.
I will now discuss the three arguments from my point of view:
• Religious aspect: No matter how much the human mind evolves and learns, we will always find that there are limits to what we can comprehend. The human being is the most complicated creature on this planet yet the most intelligent; but we know we live within limits of knowledge. If this is the case, then there is no doubt that this universe and the human being as part of it have been created by a super power beyond our comprehension and that power is God as we refer to in all religions. Our lives therefore are given to us by God for a purpose and the universe is...