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Philosophy Essay

621 words - 3 pages

Intro to Philosophy
Wendy Broussard-Murray
Aiuonline

Intro to Philosophy
Mere Assertion – A belief that what you think is true just because you want it to be, but you have nothing solid to prove it to be correct. It is basically ones opinion.
Example: Brenden did not steal the IPod because he is not a thief.
Circular Reasoning – (begging the question) A question that is never really answered or proved.
Example: Perry Marshall claims, “DNA is not merely a molecule with a pattern; it is a code… and an information storage mechanism. All codes are created by a conscious mind; there is no natural process known to science that creates coded information. Therefore, DNA is designed by a mind.” (Perry, 2014)
Ad Hominem – The attack on a person’s character distracting you from the real issue.
Example: Don’t believe what Larry says about raising children. He is the head of pro-abortion campaign.
Red Herring – During a ...view middle of the document...

Example: Because the Native Americans did a rain dance, it began to rain. (Hagin, 2002)
Sweeping Generalization – Where a person assumes things where they don’t apply.
Example: Nothing is true because a person says so. Therefore, we should not believe the things God said. This is fallicious. Although, it is true that people lie, God is an exception; He was never known to lie and is all knowing, therefore, we should believe what he says.
Slippery Slope – Disagreements that falsely assume that one thing leaves leads to another.
Example: If you buy a pink alblum; then next you’ll be buying a seether cds, and before you know it you’ll be a punk rocker with pink and blue hair and everything. If you don’t want to be a punk rocker, therefore, you shouldn’t buy a pink cd.
Equivocation or change meanings – An equivocation mistake happens when the meaning of a word changes in the middle of a disagreement.
Example: Jesus is the word of God. The Bible is the word of God. Therefore, Jesus is the Bible.

References
Assertion. (2002-2013). Retrieved from Changing Minds: http://changingminds.org/diciplines/arguement/fallacies/assertion.htm
Cooley, T. (2012-2009). Logical Fallacies. In T. Cooley, Back to the Lake 2nd edition (p. 525). New York London: W.W. Norton & Company .
Defending the Bible. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.defendingthebible.org/sweeping-generalization.html
Gracyk, T. (2012, August 24). Philosophy 105. Retrieved from Philosophical Thinking: http://www.web.mnstate.edu/gracyk/courses/phil%20101/BasicFallicies.htm#loaded
Hagin, M. (2002, November 27). false cause. Retrieved from http://ksuweb.kennesaw.edu/~shagin/log-pbc-falsecause.htm
Logical Fallicies. (2009). Retrieved from Equivocation Fallacy: http://www.logicalfallicies.info/ambiguity/equivocation/
Logical Fallicies. (2009). Retrieved from Slippery Slope: http://www.logicalfallicies.info/presumption/slippery-slope/
Perry, M. (2014, January 14). From Abracadabra to Zombies. Retrieved from The Skeptics Dictionary: http://www.skepdic.com/begging.html
red herring examples. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.redherringexamples.com/

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