Christianity as the major religious tradition:
In 1947, majority of Australia population was Anglo-Celtic (either English, Scottish, Irish, Walsh or British) and most of them were identified as Christians (88%). The decrease of Christian and the rise of other religions or non-religious population was due to:
Immigration in 30s and 40s, especially from Asia and Middle East introduced Buddhist, Hindu and Muslims and the Jewish immigrants who emphasised the democratic society
Denominational switching, thus the rise of Pentecostalism, and the New ...view middle of the document...
g. atheist, humanist)
Developed due to scientific answers
Refers to a belief that human activities and decisions should be based on scientific evidence and reasoning
Purely accepting what is ‘true’ rather than superstitious/supernatural being aka religion.
Believe that public policy should be free from religious influence (e.g. homosexual marriage, women’s rights on pregnancy); not depended on religion but depend on science/medicine/technology
React against authoritarian organisations (e.g. churches)
Western societies are usually secular
Secularist increased largely in the younger generations; 19.4% of 40-49 year old while 26.9% for 20-29 year old