I. Plagiarism is a critical issue in the US and UK academic institutions.
A. The growth of the internet has accelerated its wide spread.
B. Plagiarism is considered an academic offense.
II. Plagiarism occurs in several forms.
A. Using others published ideas as one’s own.
B. Representing images or excerpts from books, journals as one’s own work.
C. Collaboration in assignment requiring individual effort.
D. Resubmission of an earlier work as a new piece.
III. Anti-plagiarism policies.
A. Circulation of policy guidelines to students and tutors.
B. Setting of formal measures of handling disparate plagiarism levels and context.
C. Provision of citation skills to ...view middle of the document...
Plagiarism is a grave academic offense because copyright violation is like other form of property theft and thus deserves the penalties imposed. There are different forms of plagiarism and this leads to the imposition of various penalties like the awarding of zero marks to the submitted paper to the total annulment of the degree. The penalties disparity depends on factors like the year of study, extent of work that has been plagiarized and the intent of the student. Plagiarism is not novel to higher education. It is now well-known that it is easier to plagiarize than before due to the internet technology. This paper will address the issue of penalties of plagiarism in UK and US academic institutions. Anti-plagiarism policies in the US and UK academic institutions will also be examined. The several forms of plagiarism will be described and the subsequent penalty that they attract analyzed. In the last part, the various ways to prevent plagiarism will be suggested.
A rather loose definition of plagiarism is the appropriation of another person’s work and passing it entirely or part of it as your own while not properly crediting or acknowledging the true source. There are several forms of plagiarism of which different penalties are awarded depending on the degree of the violation. They include: using of published ideas of other people as one’s own; representing excerpts or images from papers, books or journals as one’s own work and copying the paper of another person and handing it in as one’s own original work. In the cases where assignments require individual work, collaboration with other students is also plagiarism. The other form is when the student resubmits earlier work as a new piece of work even if he is the one who actually did the assignment. Plagiarism can be present in little section of one’s work or in the entire assignment but regardless of the extent, it is still a grave offense. Plagiarism is expected to increase especially with the growth of the internet. This trend is expected to expand according to plagiarism experts and academics (Carroll, 2005). From the survey conducted at Northumbria University in 2002, 40% percent of the students attribute plagiarism to the availability of materials and the ease to which they can be obtained from the internet and these findings are indeed consistent to a similar survey conducted on North American students (Sutherland 86). From the mere fact that it is stealing makes plagiarism undesirable as any other vice like property theft. Plagiarism also robes the student the learning experience he should have gained from the assignment and in the instance that it is discovered the student can receive a zero mark for the handed in assignment (Park 294). The other reason plagiarism is not good is that it denies the student the opportunity of being creative. Not only is the reputation of the plagiarist but also the institution permitting it harmed by plagiarism. In other instances plagiarism...