Plato’s Cave Allegory and Metaphysics
Plato’s allegory is a good example that shows how different views of the world can create different perceptions of reality. What is real to me might not necessarily be something that you believe in. It is a concept that tells you that what we experience in lives is what drives our beliefs in reality. If an individual has not seen something, it does not make any sense to explain its existence. To better explain this concept, the example of the government, media and the common man has been used. Plato’s metaphysical views have also been compared to Aristotle’s views in the second part of this paper.
PLATO’S CAVE ALLEGORY IN TODAY’S WORLD
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Tarun (son) and his group of friends were so drunk at the bar, that they killed Aarushi as she refused to serve another drink as the bar was closed. The friends, who thought that they were the rulers, and no one could deny them anything, got furious as Aarushi when she did not serve them a drink. The argument lasted for a while, until Tarun took his gun out, and shot Aarushi in her head. The reality that these friends grew up with was that they were very powerful and there was nothing that they could not get. The high status and the political background of their family created this concept of reality for them.
Aarushi’s family filed a case against Tarun and his group of friends. Since Tarun was a son of a political leader, every effort was made to save him. The father did not want to lose his image and position by having his son proven guilty. Therefore, the political leaders who belonged to the father’s coalition tried everything to save Tarun. Thus began a cascade of events that painted a totally different picture of reality. Tarun’s father bribed everyone who was present in the bar the night this event happened. Those who refused the bribery were threatened to say that they did not see any murder. This situation is similar to the freed men in Plato’s allegory who leave the cave and walk into the light (truth), but still ignore the truth. Aarushi’s case also led to the media showing a different picture of reality. The media under the influence of politics showed that Aarushi was not murdered by Tarun. Instead they, showed that the night when this event happened, Tarun was in another state enjoying a vacation with his friends. They showed fraud evidence of flight tickets and hotel reservation. All this was shown in the media, and thus the common man was forced to believe something that wasn’t the truth. This is similar to Plato’s allegory where the puppet handlers (government and media) show the shadows to the prisoners (common man) and make them believe that the shadows are the reality (Tarun was not present in the bar).
However, similar to Plato’s allegory where a man is freed and allowed to see the reality of the shadows, one person in Aarushi’s case saw the fraud. This was Aarushi’s lawyer who tracked down the events that happened that night, and found that...