This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Plato’s The Republic Essay

1580 words - 7 pages

Plato’s The Republic

In the simile of the cave We are asked to picture a group of people
sitting inside a dark cave, their hands and feet are bound in such a
way that they can only look at the back wall of the cave. Behind the
chained prisoners a fire is burning, and between them and this fire a
path runs along which men carry figures, the shadows of these figures
are projected onto the back wall of the cave. The prisoners experience
is based solely on the shadows, which form their world. They have been
sitting in this position since they were born so they believe that all
they can see is all that ...view middle of the document...

the simile the released prisoner then returns to the cave, there he
was no interest in the world as he once believed it to be, the other
prisoners think his journey to the outside world had ruined his eyes,
they would not wish this for themselves. He is ridiculed for leaving
in the first place.

The simile deals with all the aspects of Plato’s philosophical
beliefs, one belief held by Plato is that the philosophers are the
only members of society fit to rule, because they are the highest
educated. They are able to use the Form of the Good for perception and
are better qualified than the rest of the people in the state. In the
Simile of the cave these philosophers represent the freed prisoner
accessing the form of good, the visibility of the sun. Because of the
philosopher’s ability to access the intelligible realm they should
lead the state through politics, combining it with philosophy. They
have also seen the truth; therefore their judgement is not clouded by
things that are not knowledge in the physical realm. Plato's idea is
that knowledge is that of truth. Those who do not have knowledge are
not fit to rule a state, as they do not know about things that are
good. Knowledge should enable someone to guide the followers to the
truth, just as the simile of the cave represents a free person who can
see the light, rather than the shadows should guide those in the cave
to seeing light too, and being able to distinguish what is good or bad
for the state.

In the latter stages of “The cave”, on return of the freed prisoner,
Plato states how the freed prisoner has no interest in the shadows,
for he has seen the truth. Therefore the person who has accessed true
understanding of the form of good will be unwilling to involve himself
in everyday life and those members of society who have not understood
truth. Yet these are the people Plato sees fit to rule. In order to
rule the philosopher rulers must take part in everyday life. There
seems to be a problem with the willingness of the philosophers for the
lack of it may mean they are unfit after all. However Plato says these
individuals are obliged to do so, even though, as part of their
character trait they would love philosophy and wish to persue it above
the ruling of the society, the philosophers will be educated to know
this his duty. Relating to this point Plato emphasises the need for
the philosophers above any other members of society to rule, for he
suggests that if ruling is assigned to those who want to rule, then
this will not be a success and bad government will be the result,
power and position will become the objective and not the good of the
society. Therefore Plato says that the philosophers’ unwillingness
will be an advantage to the governing of the society, as the good of
the society will be the only objective...

Other Essays Like Plato’S The Republic

The Republic, By Plato Essay

1030 words - 5 pages Plato’s ideal society is one that depends on the just actions of its people. In his utopia, all men and women are able to maximize their potential and in turn utilize their talents and skills for the good of all. Happy citizens form a happy society. This perfect society has been both praised and criticized on the basis of some radical elements it possesses: The citizens of Plato’s ideal society are able to curb their self-interest, and because

Rhetoric vs Sophistry Essay

2340 words - 10 pages doctrine that “Man is the measure of all things: of things which are, that they are, and of things which are not, that they are not”, a phrase attributed to the Sophist Protagoras (Patrick, 2006). Others Sophists of note include Gorgias, Prodicus, Hippias and Thrasymachus – quoted in Plato’s Republic as saying “… ‘Just’ or ‘right’ means nothing but what is to the interest of the stronger party” (Plato & Lane, 2007)). West and Turner’s account of

The Matrix

727 words - 3 pages a world like he had never seen before. The “Matrix” was a world where humans were only living virtual reality lives. Giant computers were placing thoughts, feelings and everyday life circumstances into their minds. Through their virtual lives they could work, play and even die. Is our reality real today? Are we just victims of a larger, grander scheme? The Allegory of the Cave is a synopsis of The Republic where people live their whole lives in

Ethics and Corporate Governace

4358 words - 18 pages  Republic, is normally regarded as providing Plato’s own philosophy, where the key character speaks for Plato himself. These works combine ethics, moral psychology, political philosophy, epistemology, and metaphysics into an organised and methodical philosophy. It is from Plato we get the theory of Forms, according to this the world we know through the senses is only a simulation of the pure, everlasting, and unchanging world of the Forms. We also

The Art Of The Renaissance

2075 words - 9 pages beside Plato and Aristotle, two of the most famous philosophers of the time. In the painting, there are clearly two sides. Plato’s side involves those who are concerned with the ultimatum agitur vitae, or the ultimate questions of life, while Aristolte stands with those concerned about immediate actions, ethics, and consequences. After reading both Plato’s Republic and Aristotle’s Nichomechean Ethics, I could see the point Raphael was making

Aristotle's Arguments for Democracy

1599 words - 7 pages inhabitants of a city organize their lives is the constitution, politeia. All three Greek words are linked in meaning to the idea that people rule, demos=people, cracy=rule. Aristotle goes further, though, and like his mentor, Plato, teaches that the aim, indeed “the principle of a constitution is its concept of justice” (Barker 102). However, unlike Plato’s argument in The Republic for an oligarchy ruled by guardian philosopher kings, Aristotle contends

Curriculum Design for Inclusive Practice

2262 words - 10 pages must have an impact on the design of the curriculum to cater for the difference in abilities between the learning cohorts. The earliest reference to curriculum was exposed by Plato (427-348 BC) who was the pupil of Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle that set out in some detail, the shape and curriculum of an education system and portrayed the ideal society in The Republic. (Smith, 2009. online) Plato’s ideal state meant that the curriculum

The Separation Of Capital Ownership And Control

1577 words - 7 pages The argument of whether the separation of capital ownership and control is an efficient form of organization has constantly been a controversial issue. The criticism whether the controllers’ act is in the best interest of the owners’ wills never end as long as hired managers operate management. As the number of public companies has been increasing over the course of this century, meanwhile the American style of contact based corporation has

The Versatility And Flexibility Of OLED's

1014 words - 5 pages In April 1, 2002, organic light emitting diodes gain rise in the scientific community with their published, more practical form at Ames Laboratory. “Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, in collaboration with scientists at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, have developed and demonstrated a novel, fluorescence-based chemical sensor that is more compact, versatile and less expensive than existing technology of its

Comparing The Moral Virtues Of Antony And Julian The Apostate

1103 words - 5 pages ” (The Later Roman Empire, p.297). The cardinal virtues listed above were unmistakably shared with both of the leaders. Antony and Julian both had very different realities. One was a humble saint and the other a victorious warrior. They could even be compared to the political philosophers Plato and Machiavelli. Plato’s ideology on embracing the goods of the soul over the goods of the body is very similar to Antony’s way of life. Machiavelli’s

Living In A Cashless Society

1637 words - 7 pages Money in a traditional sense no longer exists. Money is becoming much of a concept than a physical material, and most ordinary bitter have not see the reality of the switch. People today are using credit and debit cards on a regular basis and in everyday situations such as meal purchased at fast food, highway tolls, clothing, groceries, gas stations, etc. all of these means of systems could be regarded as a cashless society or world. The

Related Papers

What Role Does The Method Of Governance In The Republic Assume In An Analysis Of The Viability Of Plato’s Political Constructs? How Does This Relate To A Discussion Of The Republic As A Utopian...

4475 words - 18 pages ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY MAJOR ESSAY SEMESTER I 2006 MICHAEL RADZEVICIUS 1092537 What role does the method of governance in The Republic assume in an analysis of the viability of Plato’s political constructs? How does this relate to a discussion of The Republic as a utopian political ideal? Plato’s The Republic is one of the most influential philosophical, political and literary texts in the history of Western thought. The Republic’s system of

Plato's Infinate Wisdom Essay

1145 words - 5 pages Running head: PLATO’S INFINATE Plato’s Infinite Wisdom Student Paper February 23rd, 2008 The University of Montana-Western Plato’s Infinite Wisdom Plato was, and remains a very influential and relevant Greek philosopher that lived between (427 and 347 B.C.E) (Stevenson and Haberman, 2004). Plato was extremely diverse and accomplished in his lifetime achievements. His rise to fame began as a student of the great philosopher

Plato A Look Into The Man And His Ideas

1794 words - 8 pages “The Republic”. These writings on society, knowledge, morals, the cosmos, virtue, and the immortal soul opened an entirely new way to think and are still being studied by students and historians today. He also founded a philosophical school in Athens called the Academy, which taught students philosophy for centuries. Socrates was the philosopher who developed ideas on the mind and soul but Plato was the one who really got the ball rolling

Thumos: Coping In Plato's Republic Essay

1323 words - 6 pages Plato’s Republic is mainly the discussion of justice versus injustice and the task of defining each. To figure out how to grasp a definition, Socrates, Glaucon, and Adeimantus set to creating a Just City as a model for the individual. Eventually they come to the point of seizing the land of neighbors, discovering the origins of war (373 e). With war as a factor, they must create guardians not only to fight to gain land, but also to protect