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Political Life Of Niccolo Machiavelli Essay

649 words - 3 pages

Niccolo Machiavelli was an Italian statesman, writer, and political theorist. He was born Niccolo di Bernardo dei Machiavelli on May 3, 1469 in Florence, Italy. He grew up with his parents, Bartoloma and Bernardo, and two sisters, along with a younger brother. He began his education at the age of seven, learning the principles of Latin grammar and rhetoric. He also learned arithmetic later as a teenager. There was not much more known about Machiavelli's early life, but he was said to have worked for a prominent Florence banker in Rome between 1487-1495. Niccolo Machiavelli began his political career at the age of 29 when he was elected to be chancellor and secretary of the second chancellery of the Florentine Republic. He had supreme power in this office, and his job was to execute the policy decisions of others, carry on diplomatic correspondence, ...view middle of the document...

He composed two major works in his lifetime, one called "Discourses on the First Ten Books of Titus Livius," and the other "The Prince." In the book "Discourses on the First Ten Books of Titus Livius," Machiavelli emphasized that for a republic to survive, it needed to foster a sprit of patriotism and civic virtue among its citizens. Machiavelli's most famous and noted work was called "The Prince," which he wrote in 1532. "The Prince" was a short book that in general, said one thing: all means may be resorted to for the establishment and preservation of authority. In other words, the book described the means by which a prince may gain and maintain his power.Machiavelli had a major influence on the people of the Renaissance. Although he was publicly disliked by some people, his actions he made as a political leader and his emphasized points in his books influenced many people. Machiavelli was disliked by people and given the name "Old Nick" due to his writings and actions in office. He was involved in major events such as the overthrowing of the Savonarolist government, where he took over and had the leader killed. He also helped in diplomatic missions while in office, and in addition to that, set up a standing army that conquered Pisa in 1509. The people disliked his writings because they went against the beliefs of the majority of the people. Many people enjoyed and learned from them, but spoke out vehemently in public due to the majority's opinion.Many people did not think so at the time, but Niccolo Machiavelli was a great person and influenced the world greatly. His ideas on politics expressed in his writings gave insight to many people. His actions also affected history, as he took charge and helped maintain an alliance with foreign states. All of the actions of Machiavelli helped the Florentine government maintain strong power. He was very important in history, and is still noted today as people refer to his concepts and strategies he detailed. Niccolo di Bernardo Dei Machiavelli died on June 21, 1527.

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