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Political System Metaphor Essay

854 words - 4 pages

Organisation as
Political Systems
Interest, conflict and Power

Introduction


Why should I have to obey the orders of my boss eight hours a
day? He control’s and order’s us all the time. Telling us what to
think and do. What gives him the right to do so. The company
pays our salaries, but that really does not mean it has right to
control our beliefs and feelings. It certainly has no right to
reduce us to robots who must obey every commands. We are
HUMANS and not MACHINES.

Types of Political Systems


Autocracy
•



Bureaucracy
•



Form of rule where opposing parties combine in the join management of mutual interests, as in a
coalition ...view middle of the document...

 Extramural


Interests

Act towards the relation of both job and career.

Conflict
 Where

interest collide

 Conflict

may be

•

Personal

•

Inter Personal

 Between
•

Rival Groups

•

Coalitions

 Built

into

•

Organisations

•

Role

•

Attitudes

•

Stereotypes

•

Scarcity of resources

14 Most Important Sources of
POWER
Morgan States that we can analyse organisational politics by focusing on relations between:
Interest, Conflict and power.
1.

Formal Authority

2.

Control of Scare resources

3.

Use of organisational structure, rules and regulations

4.

Control on decision process

5.

Control on knowledge and information

6.

Control on boundaries

7.

Ability to cope with uncertainty

8.

Control on technology

9.

Interpersonal alliances, network, and control of informal organisation.

10.

Control on counter organizations.

11.

Symbolism and the management of meaning

12.

Gender and the management of gender relations

13.

Structural factors that define the stage of action

14.

The power one already has

Ambiguity of Power
 Pluralist
•

In pluralism the organisation is perceived of being made up of
powerful and divergent sub-groups, each with its own legitimate
loyalties and with their own set of objectives and leaders. In
particular two predominant sub-groups in the pluralistic
perspective are the management and trade unions.

4 Pluralist management Styles
1.

2.

3.

4.

Avoiding : Ignoring conflict and hoping they’ll go away.
•

Invoking slow procedures to stifle conflict

•

Appealing to bureaucratic rules to the course of conflict

Compromise :
•

Negotiating

•

Looking for deals or trade-offs

•

Finding satisfactory or acceptable solutions...

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