Pollution in India
While India is proving itself to be a major powerhouse economically its environment is suffering in a major way. Air pollution, water pollution and garbage are serious problems in India. These are causing degradation of land, resource depletion, environmental degradation, public health, loss of biodiversity, loss of resilience in ecosystems, and the threat on the safety of the poor (Chandrappa). Pollution is so common in India for a variety of reasons. Its quick economic growth, high rising population, local climate and lack of governmental interaction all accumulate to making it one of the most polluted countries in the world.
2. Air Pollution
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This â€œcloudâ€ is caused by the pollutants from combustion, and mainly occurs during the months when rain does not fall in the area. The lack of rain in these months means that there is nothing stopping the pollution from forming this â€œcloudâ€ in the sky. The Asian brown cloud affects the people that live below its health in serious ways. According to an environmental impact study done in India, two million people each year die from conditions associated with the brown cloud. The cloud also has incredible impact on the climate of this region. The cloud is now delaying the start of the rainy season, which gets rid of pollution in the sky, by several weeks (Dirty Clouds over Asia). It decreases crop harvests by elevating the concentration of surface ozone (CEEI News Home Page). The Asian brown cloud is masking greenhouse gas and is increasing the concern about global warming in both rural and urban India.
3. Water Pollution
The largest reason that there is such large-scale pollution in the water sources in India is the untreated sewage that is being dumped there (Mauskar). In the river Ganges alone 200 liters a day of untreated sewage is being dumped. Not only are the numbers of sewage treatment plants inadequate to be able to handle Indiaâ€™s amount of sewage, but the ones that are in operation are in need of maintenance and are not at the required level that they are required to be at. Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) measures the amount of dissolved oxygen needed by organisms in a body of water to break down organic material. A BOD measurement of 0-2 indicates incredibly clean and healthy water, 3-8 is moderately clean, 9-20 is considered borderline water and a measurement of over 20 indicates that the water is ecologically unsafe polluted water (Biological Oxygen Demand). The four most polluted bodies of water in India rank at a 590, 364, 353, and 247 on this same scale (Mauskar). Coliform levels in water must be 104 MPN/100 ml or under to be considered safe, 47% of water quality monitoring stations in India reported having a coliform level of above 500 MPN/100 ml (Morris). In India 80% of illnesses and 40% of deaths can be related back to water-borne illnesses. Because of Indiaâ€™s culture and the emphasis that they put on water, this makes water pollution just that much more dangerous. 400 million people live along the Ganges River. During religious ceremonies like the Hindu Pitcher Festival, approximately 10 million people bathe in the Ganges River make pollution conditions worse and diseases spread even faster (New Moon Draws 10 Million to India's Holy Waters).
Garbage and trash is common sight in the street in India. Cities in India alone produce more than 100 million tons of solid waste a year. Nearly all public places have immeasurable amounts of garbage and liter covering it. An estimated 40% of waste in India remains uncollected (Tripathi). Solid waste pollution that is left unattended can lead to heightened...