Positive Discrimination And Affirmative Action Essay

2541 words - 11 pages

1. Explain with examples, «positive discrimination» and «affirmative action».

Positive discrimination can be define as process or principle according to which the preference, especially in employment, education or business is given to the minority groups of society that have been subjected to discrimination in the past by by reason of gender, race, ethnic, disability, religious prejudices and etc (Longman, 1992). The idea is to provide such group with special help to attain essential representation. This preferential treatment ensures equal opportunities for those marginalized in society. It does not mean that they will automatically be preferred to other candidate, but if both candidates ...view middle of the document...

Affirmative action may be presented in many different ways. Such as quotas, preferential selection, preferential consideration, and additional support or access schemes such as college scholarships and bursaries among other things. They can be implemented in the private or public sector and used by governments and political parties, different businesses and educational institutions in many countries. (idebate.org)

Under the international law you cannot discriminate against somebody because of their race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socioeconomic background,religious or political beliefs, but
positive discrimination laws vary in each country. For example, Indian low set quotas for citizens in lower castes and for some religious groups defined as minorities. The aim of this low is to correct years of possible injustice based on social or economic status. This low do not extend positive discrimination to women, but forbid to discriminate against them.

In United Kingdom positive discrimination is illegal, and it regulates by Equality Act (2010). This law was designed to help people to achieve equal opportunities and fair treatment in the workplace and in society. (ACAS)

In Canada affirmative action program set under it human rights laws. It applicable to women, aboriginal people, disabled and minorities. Law states that employers and companies receiving federal contracts regulated by government, must meet hiring quotas by law. Canadian officials hope to reduce or eliminate any potential disadvantage for particular groups of citizens. But this law does not apply to most private companies.(wisegeek.com)

2. Compare the different view points on «positive discrimination» and assess the reasons that these views are held.

The topic of positive discrimination is very arguable and has generated many legal and political disputes. At a first glance this policy were designed in good faith to improve economic and educational opportunities and to help make up for past discrimination and seems like a positive thing to help society, yet is accompanied by many different opinions. As with all big government policies, there are several unintended consequences both good and bad.

Supporters of positive discrimination reason that it is the best method to correct a history of discrimination against the social groups and attempt to redress the balance. They argue that it ia a tool for putting up of social justice.

Selection standards and procedures for promotion that conform to the ideals of positive discrimination have a tendency to hold that “women and minorities should be given a chance at better jobs if 'minimally' qualified, even though they may not be the 'best' qualified” (Beach, 1991). But in long–term perspective this category of discrimination could be considered as restoration of an otherwise unjust balance of historical mistakes and institutionalized disadvantages. The policy...

Other Essays Like Positive Discrimination and Affirmative Action

Affirmative Action Essay

553 words - 3 pages the main goal for affirmative action is for a country to reach its full potential 4. The policy needs to be continuing, because many different outcomes arose when affirmative action was introduced. Positive and negative outcomes arose depending on the approach and the view of The Employment Equality Act and Affirmative Action. Positively affirmative action is redressing the past discrimination of the country, and it increase the diversity in

Affirmative Action Essay

2056 words - 9 pages Initiatives were coined and created in 1961, it wasn’t until the Civil Rights Act in 1964, that racial discrimination was actually prohibited in the workforce. Those for the affirmative action initiatives view them as a positive. Opponents of the Initiatives believe the harm of racial discrimination has dissipated therefore affirmative action is not necessary. Those against believe that race based policies make minority achievement a white

Affirmative Action: The Discriminatory Effect

2144 words - 9 pages to promote equality, it can prove to have adverse effects, such as discrimination against minorities and whites, and harming society. Affirmative action in the United States has a long and complicated history. At first, it was developed to promote a more egalitarian society. The goal of this system was to give everyone an equal opportunity. It was intended to change the discriminatory times that led up to its development. As a result

Consequences for Reverse Discrimination

2275 words - 10 pages Affirmative Action Phonda E. Gamble Axia College of University of Phoenix Affirmative Action programs benefit many workers and businesses. However, reverse discrimination poses consequences for both employees and corporations. By examining affirmative action programs can help us understand the effectiveness and how to enhance the programs. Affirmative Action programs started back in 1961 to help ensure that there is fairness in employment

Unit 4 Busn

835 words - 4 pages Affirmative Action in the U.S. was designed to counteract the lingering effects of generations of past discrimination as an effort to improve the employment and educational opportunities of women and members of minority groups through preferential treatment in job hiring, college admissions, the awarding of government contracts, and the allocation of other social benefits. Race, sex, ethnic origin, religion, disability, and age are the main

Affirmative Action

5023 words - 21 pages Affirmative Action Because economic, social, gender and racial inequalities exist within the American population, it is in the best interest of its people and government to take action to amend these problems. Since the U.S has a capitalistic based economy, there is little that the government can do to completely end all inequalities. However, it can try to remedy racial and gender discrimination. The most realistic and supported program is

Legal Writing

1355 words - 6 pages and will continue to change with the help of affirmative action. Affirmative action is designed to end discrimination and unfair treatment of students based on color, but it in effect does the opposite. Whites who work harder and/or are more qualified can be passed over strictly because they are white. Contrary to many stereotypes, many minorities Affirmative Action College Admissions 5 fall into the middle or upper class, and many whites

Affirmative Actions

1839 words - 8 pages Affirmative action Affirmative action refers to policies intended to promote access to education or employment aimed at a historically socio-politically non-dominant group (typically, minorities or women). Motivation for affirmative action policies is to redress the effects of past discrimination and to encourage public institutions such as universities, hospitals and police forces to be more representative of the population. This is

Affirmative Action - 1775 words

1775 words - 8 pages Affirmative Action, the side that focuses on uplifting minorities. They see this as being unfair to English American citizens or question rather minorities are deserving of this newfound “privilege”. Those that believe that there is no need for Affirmative Actions are the same individuals who believe that everyone is on equal playing fields. There are even those that believe racial discrimination is a thing of the past and there is no need of

Anti-Affirmative Action

657 words - 3 pages , disregarding race, creed, color, or national origin. As a policy setting out to resolve the problems of discrimination, Affirmative Action is simply nothing more than a quota of reverse discrimination.Affirmative Action emphasizes prospective opportunity more towards statistical measures. It promotes the hiring and acceptance of less experienced jobs of the workforce and less able students. Sometimes the affirmative action policies forces employers

Discrimination in the Worforce

909 words - 4 pages Perspective on Discrimination in the Workplace Abstract This paper explores published articles that report on results from research conducted through the internet and non-internet resources on why do we as a society still need Affirmative Action and why isn't Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) sufficient to prevent workplace discrimination? The articles will take a look at affirmative action in admissions to public colleges, and the

Related Papers

Ada And Affirmative Action Paper

1101 words - 5 pages Stanford Encyclopaedia states, “Affirmative action” means positive steps taken to increase the representation of women and minorities in areas of employment, education, and business from which they have been historically excluded. When those steps involve preferential selection—selection on the basis of race, gender, or ethnicity—affirmative action generates intense controversy” (Fullinwider, 2011). In 1972, affirmative action became an inflammatory

Critique Of Ada And Affirmative Action

963 words - 4 pages Critique of ADA and Affirmative Action To critique the Americans with Disability Act (ADA) and Affirmative Action, it is imperative that one knows that the Americans with Disabilities Act is a law and Affirmative Action is a policy. The Americans with Disability Act is a law that prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in employment, public transportation, public accommodation, communication, and in governmental activities

The Merits And Demerits Of Affirmative Action

1313 words - 6 pages genesis of Affirmative Action in Namibia can be found. The main proponent for affirmative action is inequality. In the case of Article 23 Chapter 3 of the Namibian nation, the main focus is the acceptance and recognition of women as an integral part of nation building. According to the constitution, “it shall be permissible to have regard to the fact that women in Namibia have traditionally suffered special discrimination and that they need to be

Hrm/210 Affirmative Action Essay

730 words - 3 pages Affirmative Action Kelly Styles HRM/240 September 18, 2011 Dr. Bea B. Bourne Affirmative Action I would like to recommend a few changes in the company in which affirmative action policies are implemented. Affirmative action is a policy or program that is aimed at countering discrimination against minorities and women, especially in employment and education settings. Diversity is desirable and won't always occur if left to chance