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Potsdam Conference Essay

1090 words - 5 pages

Potsdam Conference
-June, 1945
-The Big Three (Joseph Stalin, Winston Churchill/Clement Atlee, and Harry Truman) met in Potsdam, Germany because they needed to negotiate terms for the end of World War II. After the Yalta Conference (February, 1945), Stalin, Churchill, and FDR agreed to meet following the surrender of Germany to determine the postwar borders in Europe. Germany surrendered May 8, so the Allied leaders agreed to meet at Potsdam during the summer to continue discussions that had begun at Yalta.
-The Leaders agreed to divide Germany and Berlin, demilitarize Germany, re-establish democracy in Germany (including free elections, a free press, and freedom of speech), make Germany ...view middle of the document...

” The bill revolved around student loans and fellowship, which were reserved for prospective college teachers. The states received funding students and equipment in the science, math, and foreign language fields, but the states were obligated to deposit $405,000,000 over the course of the program. The loans ranged from $1,000 to $5,000 and were to be repaid after the student had graduated, which included a 10 year pay period with 3% interest rate.
-This act was insufficient and the president knew that, but it was needed because a lot needed to be done to bring American education to levels consistent with the needs of the society. American was on its way to being a world super power and was competing with other countries to pioneer innovative techniques, but students were unable to learn if they were restricted by the cost, so this bill was meant to fix that.
-President Dwight D. Eisenhower

Korean War
-June 25, 1950
-North Korean leader, Kim Il Sung wanted to reunite the Koreas and was approved by Stalin.
-75,000 North Korean Soldiers poured across the 38th parallel, which is the boundary between the Soviet-backed Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the north and the pro-Western Republic of Korea to the south. This was the first military attack of the war. By August, the US and South Korean forces were trapped in the southeastern port city of Pusan and the rest of the country fell into Northern hands. The United Nations was involved on the side of the US and South Korea because the invasion was an act of aggression by the North. In mid-September, the United States increased its involvement by allowing General MacArthur to land a force of Marines and Army troops at Inchon, a city near Seoul. The Inchon landing took the North Koreans by surprise and severed their lines of communication and supply. The Inchon force quickly advanced and linked up with the Pusan forces, bringing most of South Korea back into UN hands. MacArthur eventually captures most of North Korea by November 1950. The Communist Chinese promised to enter the war if UN forces didn't stop. The Chinese intervention caught the UN by surprise. For the next few years, the lines of control shifted, Seoul being captured and recaptured several times over....

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