Our Constitution establishes three branches of government and defines their very existence. The reason for the three branches is to separate the powers. The phrase “separation of powers” isn’t in the constitution, but it best explains the intention of the Constitution. It is essential that the assignment of lawmaking, enforcing and interpreting be spread out among the separated powers to ensure that all power doesn’t fall into the lap of one group, or even a power-hungry individual. The powers of which I’m speaking that were intentionally separated by way of the Constitution are the Legislative Branch, Executive Branch and finally, the Judicial Branch.
The Legislative Branch is Congress, ...view middle of the document...
Less fascinatingly, it also holds power to institute the yearly budget for the government, which is based on the budget handed over by the President. The congressional budgeting process is very complicated; there are tax committees responsible for raising the money, Authorization committees that authorize spending the money, who finally rely on appropriate committees who decide which programs really will be funded. Then if Congress decides it needs more money, it can authorize borrowing so that its needs are met accordingly. Other congressional tasks include the appropriation of federal funds for use on local projects.
Congress also has separate, independent powers that each branch within the Legislative Branch (the House and Senate) has to itself. For instance, only the Senate can try impeachments, ratify treaties, and confirm presidential appointments. While the House of Representatives is the only power who can charge the president, vice president or other officials with a rightful cause for impeachment.
Checks and balances offered by the Congress are just as important as those offered to the Congress by the other branches. Balancing is critical as it ensures that no single branch gains too much power and control. On the Executive Branch, some of the checks offered are the powers to: Impeach and try the impeachment; Override Presidential vetoes on a 2/3 vote; Approve or reject Presidential appointees; Declare war; Budget and designate funding. Also offered are checks for the Judiciary Branch which includes, but is not limited to the power to: initiate constitutional amendments; Impeach and try the impeachment.
The next branch is the Executive Branch. This one employs about four million people. This branch is formed under Article II: The Executive Article. This Article appoints the president to act as commander in chief of the military, make treaties, and appoint officers, diplomats and judges.
The huge umbrella of an Executive Branch also calls for a Vice President, who is a backup for the President, should one ever be needed. Additionally found in the Executive Branch are fifteen executive departments “The Bureaucracy”, all of which has a cabinet leader that sit on the President’s cabinet. These include: U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Department of Education, U.S. Department of Energy, U.S....