Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care.
1 Know how to recognise signs of abuse
1.1 Definitions of abuse
* Physical: Injuries which are unexplained, intentional, or not prevented by another person, internal or external injuries, using incorrect moving and handling techniques, improper use of medication or alcohol.
* Sexual: Sexual activities without consent or which cause distress or violate social taboos of family roles. Non contact abuse includes looking, photography, indecent exposure, sexual teasing, innuendo, sexual harassment. Contact abuse includes touching, masturbation, penetration or attempted penetration.
* Emotional/Psychological: ...view middle of the document...
Other things to look for are black eyes, red marks, grip marks, slap marks, pinch marks and marks made by an implement. Other injuries include burns, scalds, bite marks and fractures.
* Sexual: Injuries to the genital/rectal areas, unexplained soreness or bleeding, bruising on thighs or genital/rectal areas, the person may become withdrawn, aggressive, may develop eating or sleeping disorders, may refuse to get undressed or have personal care.
* Emotional/psychological: mental aguish, fear, stress or strain are all signs of abuse other things could include the person being upset or crying, being quiet, aggressive, destructive or paranoid there could also be physical symptoms such as increased incontinence, eating or sleeping disorders.
* Financial: A depletion of the person’s money or property, money being spent when the person cannot get out to spend it, withdrawals from savings accounts/bank accounts in round figures at certain times and valuables being taken from the persons room or home.
* Institutional: A need for routine, a lack of personal possessions, a lack of choice in everyday activities, the person feeling infantilised or showing signs of withdrawal.
* Self neglect: The symptoms of this are the same as neglect by others but it is the person them-self refusing the care and denying them-self a good standard of health and hygiene.
* Neglect by others: The person may be cold, dirty, soiled, smelly, hungry, and underweight and living on their own while this may be the choice of the person it could also be that they are being denied good care and living standards.
1.3 Describe the factors that may contribute to a person being more vulnerable to abuse
* Physical disability where the individual doesn’t have the physical ability to protect themselves
* Learning disability where the individual doesn’t have the mental capacity to understand what is happening to them
* Blind/deaf where an individual is not aware of what is happening or who is abusing them
* Mental health problems where again a person doesn’t have mental capacity to understand what is happening to them
* Dementia , as with mental health problems a person may not fully understand or be aware of abuse
* Age/frailty where a person has the inability to defend themselves or stop the perpetrator of the abuse and succumbs to threats
* And all persons who are not able to look after themselves that are over the age of 18.
2 Know how to respond to suspected or alleged abuse
2.1 Explain the actions to take if there are suspicions that an individual is being abused
The actions that should be taken when there are suspicions of abuse are firstly make sure that the abused person is safe, preserve any evidence, record what has been said by the client and report it to the correct person while maintaining confidentiality. This should be a senior trained member of staff or manager who will make the decision as to what to do next and if...