Level 2 Principles of Safeguarding. ( Maps directly to Diploma 205)
1:1 1:2 You will need to define the following types of abuse and how you will recognise the sign and symptoms.
Type of Abuse | Signs and Symptoms |
Physical AbuseThe use of physical force that may result in bodily injury, physical pain or impairment. For example hitting, pushing, kicking, striking with an object, force feeding, slapping, and shaking. | Cuts, bruising, sudden change in behaviour, flinching, caregiver effuses for visitors to see the service user alone or the service user reports abuse. |
Sexual AbuseNon-consensual sexual contact of any kind. Sexual contact with any person incapable of giving ...view middle of the document...
Institutional AbuseThe mistreatment, abuse or neglect of an adult at risk by regime or individuals. Institutional abuse can take place in a place where individuals live or in settings and services that adults at risk use. Can include rigid routines, poor care standards, inadequate staffing, insufficient knowledge base within setting. | Poor record keeping, restricted access to bathroom, misuse of medication, lack of flexibility and choice, poor record keeping. |
Self NeglectCharacterised as the behaviour of an elderly person who threatens their own health or safety. Self neglect generally manifests itself in an older person as a refusal or failure to provide themselves with adequate food, water, shelter, clothing, personal hygiene, safety precautions, and where necessary, medication. | Dehydration, malnutrition, poor personal hygiene, untreated medical conditions, hazardous or unsafe living conditions, inadequate clothing, inadequate housing, and lack of necessary medical equipment such as denture, hearing aids and glasses. |
Neglect by othersThe refusal or failure to fulfil any part of a person’s duties to an elder. Neglect typically means the failure or refusal to provide the elder with life necessities such as water, food, clothing, shelter, personal hygiene, comfort, medicine and personal safety. | Dehydration, malnutrition, poor personal hygiene, untreated medical conditions, hazardous or unsafe living conditions, inadequate clothing, inadequate housing, and lack of necessary medical equipment such as denture, hearing aids and glasses. |
1:3 Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse.
There are many factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse. Many older people, especially those with dementia, suffer from memory loss. They can become socially isolated and unable to express themselves clearly. The individual may have low self-esteem, or limited sex education. They may be less aware of their rights, or unable to recognise risky situations.
2:1 Explain the actions to take if you had SUSPICIONS that an individual is being abused.
You should follow your company’s agreed policy and procedur, record facts on appropriate paperwork and always report your suspicions. Do not tamper with evidence. Staff have the right to form their own judgement and challenge others opinions.
2:2 Explain the actions to take if an individual alleges that they are being abused.
Any allegations should be taken very seriously. Any allegation that a service user is being abused should be reported to the manger. The manager will then negotiate with other necessary agencies concerned whether an investigation into the reported abuse is appropriate. If it is deemed necessary to investigate the reported abuse, the manager with conduct the investigation with the necessary agencies in the appropriate manner. You may be asked to give evidence relating to the report and the allegation.