Prison Overcrowding Essay

1367 words - 6 pages

Benefits of Reducing Prison Overcrowding
Laura Macella
AIU Online

Abstract
This paper is going to discuss the benefits of why reducing the overcrowding of prisons with help the inmates, employees, as well as the citizens of the state. It will show that crime within the prison walls will go down, the stress of the inmates and employees will reduce, as well as showing that we can save taxpayers millions of dollars a year. Lastly, this paper will look at programs that the inmates can be sentenced to for minor petty crimes that they are incarcerated for. As a result of all of this the overcrowding of prisons may come to a halt and may not be as stressful as many people think.

...view middle of the document...

Also the new gangs that are being started in the prison and the territory issues will also help stop murder, drug trafficking, and many more crimes that are being done in the prison walls. It is believed, that the less overcrowding the more control the employees of the prison will have and the less crime they will have to deal with.

Secondly, in many ways people do not think about this, but by reducing prison overcrowding, it will have save the taxpayers millions of dollars. Levitt (1996) states, “The marginal costs of incarceration are roughly $30,000 per prisoner a year.” People sometimes do not realize this, but this coming out of our hard earned money to pay for the inmate to be in prison. We are paying for criminals to be in person. What sense does this make? When you think about the “Big Picture” the state spends about $29 billion on prisoners and the federal government pays $4.3 billion for inmates a year (Useem & Piehl, p.6). If you think about this it is a lot of money. So by sending fewer people to jail for drug crimes or minor offenses, we can maybe sentence them to house arrest or to a rehab center. At this point they can get the help that they will need. Also for the elderly prisoners that have basically served their time, maybe release them a little bit earlier. This can cut the costs down on our taxes every year. When you think about it spending $30,000 for one person is almost a whole person’s check that makes minimum wage. The money that we can save from this will help fund schools, government and state needs, and many more things. The fewer people we send to prison for petty crimes, the lower our costs will be and will go to a better cause.
Lastly, reducing overpopulation in the prisons will help relieve some stress that the employees and the inmates are receiving. Staff has limited time to deal with bad behavior, fewer resources to tackle crime and violence within the prison and less chance to potentially dangerous inmates (“Effects of Prison Overcrowding”, 2012). Also the stress on the inmates with double and triple bunking, waiting lists for education and drug treatment programs inside the facilities, and limited meaningful work within the prison are all leading factors to the stress of the inmates (Bureau of Prisons, 2012). Like said before, the ratio for inmate to corrections officer is there
are more inmates than there are officers, so if there is an outbreak in the jail, the staff has to be where the crime is being committed, however, when another pod catches wind of that outbreak, they will start their own. The stress of the employees is probably through the roof. It basically puts them in a stressful situation every day. Also you are putting inmates together that do not get along. There will more than likely...

Other Essays Like Prison Overcrowding

Psychology Essay

999 words - 4 pages the reason they have been imprisoned in the first place and also personal factors mean that everybody will react differently to the prison environment. The deprivation model claims that prisoner aggression is the product of the stressful and oppressive conditions of the prison. These include overcrowding, lack of space and liberty. This implies that imprisonment can cause extreme stress and frustration for inmates that in turn leads to aggression

The Growing Problems Of The Prison System

1334 words - 6 pages Mr. Governor, there are many ways to reduce the current problem of prison overcrowding; unfortunately many of them are not popular as they are seen as being soft on crime and as we both know that is not favorably looked upon. Some of the options would provide a temporary decongestion of the prisons while others would be a more long term reduction in inmate populations. After reviewing I believe that there are a few that we could possibly

Why the Prison System Shouldn't Be Abolished

970 words - 4 pages because family members will be the ones around after they finish their programs. Another issue that needs to be looked at is the overcrowding problem followed by illegal immigrants. I do not believe they should be in prison or jail just for being an illegal immigrants, I think they would get the proper help to become citizens of the United States. Helping them get their citizenship here will avoid having nonviolence offenders crowding the prison

Life in Prison

1046 words - 5 pages Life in Prison University of Phoenix BSAO07P712;CJA/383 Bob Bennett Life in Prison The primary task of prisons, despite any arguments to the contrary is custody. The internal order of the prisons is maintained by strictly controlling the inmates and regimenting every aspect of their lives. In addition to their loss of freedom and basic liberties, goods and services they are deprived of their personal identities. After reading

Crime Comparison Paper

961 words - 4 pages Criminologist Advisor Recommendation Angela Ross CJA/314 March 1, 2011 Aric Tosqui Criminologist Advisor Recommendation This paper will discuss the advice of the criminologist advisor to the state legislature on doubling the maximum prison term for anyone convicted of armed robbery. The member of the legislature is concerned about whether the bill will make a difference on individuals committing the crime. As the

Capitalist Punishment

1683 words - 7 pages Capitalist Punishment Our nation is in trouble ‒ our prisons are operating at 41% over capacity across the United States. Serious questions must be answered as to how we are to combat such a problem. It seems that prison overcrowding is becoming more and more acceptable as the status quo of modern society, with little more than superficial, "band aid" solutions put forward by legislatures. With few sustainable solutions in view, some may

Prison Term Policy

1682 words - 7 pages who had reported the crime. The problem is that the State Legislature has proposed a bill that would double the maximum prison term for this crime. The problem is that there is no guarantee that this measure will deter those who consider as criminal life. And this can also lead to the overcrowding in prisons, a problem that many prisons are facing. However, I believe that there are recommendations that can be implemented into this measure that can

An Alternative for Prison

1595 words - 7 pages course of my studies dealing with the criminal justice system, I have learned that the government spends approximately eighty-thousand dollars to build one cell, and $28,000 per year to keep a prisoner locked up. That's about the same as the cost of sending a student to Harvard. Because of overcrowding, it is estimated that more than ten-billion dollars in construction is needed to create sufficient space for just the current prison

The Prison System

1236 words - 5 pages The Prison System January 23, 2010 There is much to discuss when it comes to our prison systems. The history, the evolution of the system, and the manner in which prisons are operated, both in the past and today, each are important topics in the discussion of the prison system. The fundamentals of the prison system have progressed greatly over the years as well as the influence of the prison system on America. The development of privately

Prisons in America

2658 words - 11 pages unfortunate as these prisons continue to develop. The expenses to run and maintain good upkeep for these prison facilities grow substantially as years pass. The main purpose for these prisons is to keep dangerous criminals off the street to provide protection to the American society. Yes this is beneficial, but at the same time unfortunate because these prison facilities in America are packed with unfriendliness and violence. The prisons in

Community Corrections

980 words - 4 pages the sentence of five months, and England warrants seven months. This is quite a difference, and would explain why the highest documented incarceration rate in the world is the United States at 754 per 100,000, as of 2009. (Walmsley, 2009) The war on drugs in the United States has been very dramatic for the prison system. There have been more and more people incarcerated for non violent crimes. This has also led to the current overcrowding of the

Related Papers

Prison Camps In The Civil War

317 words - 2 pages Prison Camps Many soldiers, both Confederate and Union soldiers, were captured and put into prison camps. Prison camps became packed with soldiers. This left the living conditions horrible. Southern prison camps, in most cases, were just as bad as Union prison camps. However, food shortages in the South made prison conditions especially harsh. Two camps were particularly horrible. Belle Isle, a muddy pen in the James River in Richmond, was a

Corrections Trend Evaluation Essay

1569 words - 7 pages result of crowded conditions. This happened at the Walnut Street Prison Penitentiary, and it ended with overcrowded conditions and excessive cost. The prison eventually shut down. Although the prison was shut down, many states continued to use the penitentiary system. If overcrowding occurred it just meant building new penitentiaries. The penitentiary system was important because it influenced later concepts. Such as the idea of separate

Policy Analysis I Paper

2447 words - 10 pages Policy Development Paper Donnita Cleveland CJA 464- October 14, 2015 Harry Kirk Policy Development Paper Prison overcrowding has been a major problem in this country for the last 20 years. This problem stemmed from many different causes or reasons. The fundamental breakdown of the correctional system as a whole has contributed to this problem. This has caused havoc within our system in many different ways especially from a

Prison Systems Essay

1086 words - 5 pages system they had in place was the best system to address the constant issue of overcrowding. Pennsylvania constructed two new prisons; the Western Penitentiary and the Eastern Penitentiary. Their system was based on the concept of silence as a virtue (Gaines & Miller, 2009). In Pennsylvania the inmates were kept separate from one another and the only contact they had was with clergyman and staff. New York’s Newgate Prison, built in 1791, was