Probation And Parole Essay

1463 words - 6 pages

|
Probation and Parole
|
Their Differences, Their Rules and Their Goals |

Joyce Allman
11/28/2011
Introduction to Criminal HistoryCJ1101David Horiuchi |

Probation and Parole
Their differences, Their Rules, and Their Goals

The dawning of the 14th century shows that English courts had established the practice of “binding over for good behavior”, in which the offender could be entrusted to the custody of willing citizens. John Augustus (1784-1859) is generally recognized as the world’s first probation officer. Mr. Augustus, a Boston shoemaker, attended sessions of criminal court in the 1850’s and offered to take carefully selected offenders into his home as an alternative to ...view middle of the document...

This will also give the offender the chance to continue to support himself/herself and their families.
Probation is a decision handed down by a judge at the trial of someone that has been arrested and found guilty of the charge with which he/she has been charged with. It may or may not be in lieu of jail time or it may be in a combination with some jail time. If jail time is to be served along with a probationary period, the probation period usually comes after the jail time has been served but, there are cases where the probation time runs along with the jail time. Some offenders may be required to serve jail time on weekends while being placed on probation during the week. It allows the convicted person to live in the community for a specified period of time under the supervision of a probation officer. Probation is dependent on the circumstances and the seriousness of the crime, the judge can place specific restrictions on the offender's activities during the probationary period. If an offender violates the terms and conditions of probation, he/she may be sentenced to imprisonment by the judge. This is known as revoking the probation or revocation.
When a person is convicted of a crime and placed on probation to serve their sentence in the community under the supervision of a probation officer they must adhere to specific rules and conditions. In most cases a sentence to probation is usually accompanied by a "suspended sentence" to imprisonment. As long as a probationer adheres to the terms and conditions of their probation, they will remain free in the community. If a probationer violates the terms and conditions of his/her supervision, his/her probation can be revoked and the offender may be sent to prison to finish the term of the original sentence. For example, someone given a sentence of five years’ probation also receives a suspended five year sentence to prison. If, on the last day of the second year of probation the probationer's probation status is revoked, he/she will be sent to prison for the remaining three years in order to complete the original sentence. Essentially a judge decides how much time a person must serve in jail, guided by the laws of the state, and how much time after incarceration is spent on probation. Sometimes a judge will only sentence a person convicted of a minor crime to one to several years of probation. While on probation, a condition of the sentence may be to have weekly or monthly meetings with a probation officer. Other conditions might be applied to probation. A person might not be able to drive, or might have a curfew. He/she must also not commit further crimes while on probation. By placing someone on probation it empowers the courts to send the person to jail to serve the length of the original sentence, and to serve any additional time for new crimes.

Parole is granted to people who are in jail. Many crimes carry a maximum amount of time that someone can be sentenced too. These years in jail...

Other Essays Like Probation and Parole

Probabtion and Punishment Essay

936 words - 4 pages Assignment 3: Probation and Punishment Dedra Clark Strayer University Professor Berry 8 March, 2016 This paper was prepared for CRJ100 Abstract The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive analysis of probation and prison programs and amenities Introduction Classification plays a crucial role in parole and the probation process by deciding the type of rehabilitative strategy that the offender has to adapt to in the

Job Analysis Paper

1130 words - 5 pages the job outline. Rapport shared with probation/parole and a functional job evaluation is the least complicated. The job requirements for a probation officer candidate should satisfy the requirements. At the least a bachelor’s qualification in social work, criminal justice, psychology, or a relevant study is needed for certification (Education Portal. 2011). Nevertheless, much more information by way of functional job evaluation assists to

Probation Conditions

1622 words - 7 pages Determining Conditions of Probation CJA/234 June 18, 2009 ABSTRACT Conditions of parole and probation have contributing factors that affect an offender’s post-prison life. The background of the offender is very important when determining conditions of probation and parole. The history of offenses committed by the offender is extremely important. Conditions of parole and probation consist of drug/alcohol treatment, psychiatric

Drug Testing on People on Probation

1788 words - 8 pages . Probation is the most popular sentence given in felony cases in the United States. In some states, the jury might decide the punishment and in other states, the judge is permitted to grant probation. As opposed to jail or prison time, probation is a lower cost alternative and that is why it’s often used. There are approximately 1,900 probation agencies in the United States and increasing because of the amount of people that are on parole. In

Community Corrections

980 words - 4 pages Community Corrections Community corrections are the programs which manage offenders outside of jail or prison. Community corrections include probation and parole. Probation is a correctional supervision within the community rather than jail or prison. Parole is a period of conditional, supervised release from prison. There are some offenders who do not present any threat to society, and to incarcerate them in a dangerous correctional system

Competing Theories of Corrections

2010 words - 9 pages Competing Theories of Corrections Eric Mack American Intercontinental University Abstract This paper will discuss the competing theories of corrections that are prevalent in today’s justice system. A series of suggestions on ways to implement some of the nontraditional theories of corrections will be reviewed. In recent years, parole and probation have been criticized for increasing the risk of community victimization by known

Chapter 6 In Law 12 Textbook

2518 words - 11 pages from the prison are reducing the cost to taxpayers, reduce the exposure of the accused to criminal society and allow the accused to pay his or her debt to society in a more meaningful way.2a) What is probation, and what might a probation order involve?Probation is when an accused is released instead of being imprisoned.A probation order can also be used in addition to fines, and in addition to sentences of less than 2 years.The judge could order

Identify and Briefly Describe

736 words - 3 pages briefly describe five types of community based corrections. 1. Probation 2. Parole 3. Work Release 4. Study Release 5. Halfway houses 7. Boot Camps 21. Identify and briefly describe seven goals or purposes of community based corrections. 1. Keep Offender out of prison 2. Provide rehabilitation services 3. Offender keeps job, supports family 4. Community protection 5. Reduces crowding in prison 6. Saves the state money 7. Reduces labeling avoids

Criminal Justice System

539 words - 3 pages determined as to whether their actions warrant a punishment. Those acting in court to uncover the truth and find justice are the attorneys (defense and prosecuting) and judges, along with the jury if applicable. They will determine the consequences to be served if a person is found guilty. This is where corrections comes in. They will provide the early release control (probation, parole, etc.) and the services needed to maintain order in jails

Prison Downsizing

1185 words - 5 pages change the way prisoners were punished. Probation and treatment programs were enacted to keep minor drug possession offenders, and those in violation of parole were not eliminated for post release supervision. This created a reduction in prison population. Cooperation of several agencies are credited for any success the Kansas programs have had. (Rengifo, 2010) Integration of outside agencies, and ‘street-level’ bureaucrat’s aids in attempting to

Unit 4 Letter to Editor

936 words - 4 pages and Graham vs. Florida. The deliberation will determine whether it’s cruel and unusual punishment to sentence a 13 year old and a 17 year old to life in prison without the possibility of parole for a crime that did not involve the taking of a life constitutional. His position is illustrated in a re-visit to his early childhood; he confesses to being on probation at the age of 17 for destroying federal property, yet reveals the admiration

Related Papers

Probation Supervision: Case Management & Effectivness

1834 words - 8 pages In the state of Florida in the year of 2008- 2009 there was a total of 100, 619 offenders who were admitted onto probation and 64.2% of them were released off of probation being successful. Probation supervision is provided to adults offenders who have been sentenced to some type of supervision. While on this supervision the probation officer is to refer the offender to community resources for things they need help with such as a job, some kind

Criminal Justice Process Essay

1073 words - 5 pages sentencing and whether the defendant is eligible for probation or parole.` ` A law enforcement investigation may occur in several different aspects. An officer might witness a speeder or out of control driver who may be intoxicated and pull them over. A 911 call ofshots beingfired in a neighborhood may cause an officer to be dispatched to determine the cause. Or, a person who has been defrauded by a con artist may call law enforcement officers to

Untitled Essay

1360 words - 6 pages . xxv. 728 pages United States, Wickersham Commission. 1968. No. 9 Report on Penal Institutions, Probation, and Parole. Montclair, New Jersey: Patterson Smith Publishing Corporation.United States Sentencing Commission. 1990. Policy Statements for Violations of Probation and Supervised Release. Washington, D.C.: The Commission. i. 40 pages

Parol System In Australia Essay

2710 words - 11 pages to spend the amount of money needed to house all offenders in community corrections in prison. Community corrections in general only takes only up to 10% of the corrections budget, even though there are twice as many prisoners in community corrections as there are in prison. Parole also addresses an on going issue with our prison system, prison over crowding. If probation and parole were not available as alternatives to incarceration, the