Unipolar and Bipolar Disorder
Many people go through a normal day and have their emotions fluctuate due to some sort of stimuli. It is quite normal for people to feel emotions like depression or elation because of certain situations or circumstances. It is when moods like depression or mania that affect people for a longer than normal period of time or when they constantly fluctuate between depression and mania that one may suffer from something called a mood disorder. Depression is a state of overwhelming sadness and a person’s outlook on general life is dark and foreboding as if nothing is right or will ever be ...view middle of the document...
J. 2010). Many feel that they have to force themselves to do the things they do everyday like eat a meal or even talk to their friends and many others feel as if they just want to “lie in bed and not do anything at all”. Many people lose the very will to live and contemplate or even attempt suicide. An estimated 6 to 15 percent of people with severe depression commit suicide (Comer, R. J. 2010).
Symptoms pointing to depression on a behavioral level include being less active and less productive (Comer, R. J. 2010).
Many depression sufferers often sleep long hours and feel as if it is not worth getting out of bed. They may also speak and move more slowly than others do and more spend more time alone.
Another sign of depression is the cognitive symptoms where people will often have very negative views about themselves, the world, and the people around them. This is called pessimism. On top of that they hold themselves in the lowest regard thinking that they can never get anywhere in life and that everything wrong that happens is always their fault even if it has nothing to do with them. People with depression will often expect the worst of any situation and are likely to procrastinate because they feel that it is not worth doing anything anyways. They may also have bouts of confusion, are unable to remember things, become easily distracted, and are unable to solve the simplest of problems (Comer, R. J. 2010).
Physical signs of depression have been marked as suffering from headaches, indigestion, constipation, dizzy spells, and general pain (Comer, R. J. 2010). Differences in appetite and sleep patterns are also common but sometimes encompass both sides of the spectrum from eating and sleeping less to eating and sleeping in an excessive fashion.
Unipolar Depression Causes
When diagnosing unipolar depression one must look at many factors as to what may have caused it and of what type a particular patient is suffering from. Some patients suffer from major depressive episodes (disorder) which are periods that last two weeks or more and are marked by at least five symptoms of depression (Comer, R. J. 2010). Sometimes these periods may be severe and are accompanied by delusions or hallucinations. The other type is called dysthymic disorder in which a person displays a longer-lasting but less disabling pattern of unipolar depression. When one suffers from a dysthymic disorder that leads to a major depressive disorder then have what is classified as double depression (Comer, R. J. 2010).
Biopsychologists believe genetics plays a factor in depression for if one has depression it is more likely that a close relative may and will suffer from depression as well. In fact about 20 percent of those relatives suffer from depression as well (Comer, R. J. 2010). Sometimes the cause for depression is simply a chemical imbalance. Low activity of norepinephrine and serotonin has been linked to unipolar depression. As well as certain...