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Psychiatric Disorders, Diseases, And Drugs Essay

867 words - 4 pages

Psychiatric Disorders, Diseases, and Drugs
Susan Harvey
Psy/240
June-8-2014
Autumn Harrell

Psychiatric Disorders, Diseases, and Drugs
Discuss any associated theories behind the disorders and diseases.
* Schizophrenia
* Depression
* Mania
* Anxiety Disorder
* Tourette Syndrome
The first disorder I am going to discuss is Schizophrenia, this is defined as “the splitting of psychic functions.” There are positive as well as negative symptoms to determining schizophrenia. Some of these symptoms include for the positive, delusions of being controlled, delusions of persecution or delusions of grandeur, hallucinations (voices), inappropriate affect “failure to react with ...view middle of the document...

http://www.webmd.com/schizophrenia/guide/schizophrenia-medications
Depression is a normal reaction to grievous loss, such as a loved one, self-esteem or even health. Depression is an affective disorder (any psychiatric dis- order characterized by disturbances of mood or emotion). Mania, another affective disorder, is in some respects the opposite of depression; it is characterized by overconfidence, impulsivity, distractibility, and high energy. Affective disorders are also commonly known as mood disorders. (Chapter 18 ■ Biopsychology of Psychiatric Disorders) Page 474. Some medications that are prescribed for depression and mania are; Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors, Tricyclic Antidepressants, and Selective Monoamine-Reuptake Inhibitors. There is not one medication that treats all depression and/or mania. Some of the drugs prescribed will help with the depression, then another drug will be added to help stabilize the moods. One of the main side-effects to most all of the drugs prescribed for depression and mania causes drowsiness. The monoamine theory of depression holds that depression is associated with underactivity at serotonergic and noradrenergic synapses. The theory is largely based on the fact that monoamine oxidase inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors, and selective norepinephrine-reuptake inhibitors are all agonists of serotonin, norepinephrine, or both. (18.2 ■ Affective Disorders: Depression and Mania) Page 477
Anxiety disorder is a common fear that persists in the absence of any direct threat. There are five classes of anxiety disorder;
* Generalized Anxiety Disorder – measured by stress responses and extreme feelings of anxiety, or being absent from a mate, or a child. “stimuli”
* Phobic anxiety disorders – triggered by exposure to particular objects such as spiders, snakes, or situations.
* Panic disorders - rapid-onset attacks of extreme fear and severe symptoms of...

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