Psychoanalytic Approach To Personality Essay

1106 words - 5 pages

Psychoanalytic Approach to Personality
Ashley Reyes
Axia, University of Phoenix

Psychoanalytic Approach to Personality
Abstract

Personalities have been studied for years by scientist and other researchers. Although some studies have proven to be similar others show differences of how human personalities are developed. Psychoanalysis is a way to understand the interactions between conscious and unconscious factors of the brain. Psychoanalysis is a form of psychotherapy for patients who have mental problems. This paper will provide thoughts on Freud, Jung and Adler’s theories on characteristics of personality.

Psychoanalysis has three means the first is ...view middle of the document...

The stages suggested personality development during growth.
Jung became Freud’s protégé and the physiologist both studied personalities and shared the same discoveries from the research studied. After years of working together the men went different ways and offered different opinions in the research of analytic psychology. Doing the time Jung spent alone he continued to study personality however, his theory became different from Freud’s. He studied symbols and the patterns of symbols that related to humans. When comparing the two the difference shows Jung did not use free association, Jung analyzed dreams, and verbalized symbols. Freud focus was more understanding and uncovering trauma and following relationships by symbols. When adding Alfred Adler to the comparison of the physiologist Adler who worked with Freud before Jung has been known to bring modern psychology to Freud’s attention. Adler helped patients overcome insecurities with goals of moving toward a healthier life and better relationships. Adler’s major focus is behavior change for all his patients. Another difference between the Adler and Freud is Adler pushed for empathic relationships with patients when the patient came in for treatment, and Freud firmly suggests quiet whereas, a patient speak to the psychologist Freud believe this would help the patient when speaking aloud and give the psychologist a way of helping the patient with the issues findings.
In comparing the psychoanalytic theories of Freud, Jung, and Adler, one theory found still used today in theory is when the patient is allowed to verbalize issues causing a mental disturbance from family traits or other causes. After the patient openly expresses problems and the analysis review the personality disorder of each patient a clinical decision is made to assist the patient in the best treatment. This is a smart practice in psychoanalytic theories of Freud’s, which would explain why it is still in existences today.
The stage of Freud’s theory which was mentioned earlier in the paper consists of oral, anal, phallic, latent, and genital. Freud’s thought on the personality developing in stages has interesting concepts. Freud studied personalities from infants which, Freud labeled as the oral stage because baby’s receive pleasure from different tastes, the anal stage is a child the third stage is phallic are children who has found his or her genitals and find attraction to the opposite sex, another stage of the personality development. The latency stage is known as puberty for young adults...

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