Psychological And Psychoanalytical Definitions Of Psychosis

1494 words - 6 pages

Psychoanalytical/psychological definitions of psychosis.

Intro
Psychosis is defined as a severe mental disorder in which thought and emotions are so impaired that contact is lost with external reality. Although this definition is generally accepted by both psychoanalysts and psychologists/psychiatrists alike, the way in which psychosis is diagnosed and treated differs dramatically. Psychoanalysis is very focussed on the development of psychosis and in moulding a persons life to accommodate for the symptoms of each individual patient. Psychiatry looks at psychosis more systematically diagnosing a disorder and then treating this disorder in the same way for every patient. Psychosis is a ...view middle of the document...

Successful traversal of the Oedipus complex involves a weakening of the mothers power allowing the child to develop a basic trust or acceptance in the symbolic law. The symbolic law is the law of interrelationships which is assumed through language. In order for the child to develop this trust, they must realise that there is more to life outside of the relationship with the mother. If this trust is not developed then the child is liable to form a psychotic structure. In psychoanalysis a person who is psychotic is considered outside of discourse – language in action. That is someone who doesn't understand the way people communicate or human discourse. A psychotic person will have a literal understanding of words, for them meaning is fixed. They can be unable to understand sarcasm, metaphors or irony. An example of the literal meaning that words take is a line from Buechner's 'Lenz'; “nur war es ihm manchmal unangenehm, dass er nicht auf dem Kopf gehn konnte.” (s79,line 9-11) This literally means that it was annoying to him that he could not walk on his head.

When treating a patient in psychoanalysis the first step will always be to establish whether this person is psychotic or neurotic as this will dictate largely how they are treated. A key difference in the treatement of psychotics as opposed to neurotics is that confronting a psychotic could trigger an episode. Psychotics are unable to admit that anything is their fault, blame is attributed exclusively outside the self. A clear indicator of psychosis is the absence of doubt. The patient will convince themselves of things that they then believe completely true regardless of how ridiculous they are. If they believe that the CIA is following them then there is no doubt for them that this is true. Nothing will convince them otherwise. Another indicator is the way in which they speak. As mentioned previously they take things very literally and their speech is often disorganised and random.

Other than direct confrontation there are a few things that can trigger a psychotic episode. A trigger is something that leads to a loss of the structure that holds them in place and created a hole in meaning that they cannot deal with. Psychosis is often triggered when the person is fully enmeshed in a dual relation with another person and a third – authoritative – figure threatens the equilibrium. For example the relation between a person and a job is threatened by the boss – authority figure – firing them. This is taking away that structure that holds them in place. A trigger is an unassimilable invasion of their fragile world. When a psychotic break is triggered it can manifest in several different ways. Delusions are a common symptom of psychosis. Psychoanalysis believes that delusions can be a good thing as they are created by the psychotic to explain the hole in meaning that was created by the trigger. A more radical option would be for the person to strike out violently. Another manifestation is...

Other Essays Like Psychological and Psychoanalytical Definitions of Psychosis

The Psychological Effects Of Dormitory Architecture And Layout On Residents

2435 words - 10 pages The Psychological Effects of Dormitory Architecture and Layout on Residents For many students, part of the experience of going to college is living in university housing. With so many young people living in such facilities, it is certainly worth investigating how they affect their denizens from a psychological perspective. It is established that one's environment is a major determinant in one's emotional and mental state. This paper

Assessing A Film Collection, Film Damage And Decay Problems, Definitions Of Digital Preservation, And The Feasibility Of Digitally Preserving Moving I

1774 words - 8 pages 8mm, or Super 8mm. They also need to identify the film’s type of stock. They have to consider the feasibility of preserving and digitizing the moving image. These are just a few of the problems that archivists and librarians can encounter while attempting to preserve and digitize moving images. This paper looks at the protocol of assessing a film collection, film damage and decay problems, definitions of digital preservation, and the feasibility of

Outline and Evaluate One Psychological Explanation and One Biological Explanation of an Eating Disorder. [24 Marks]

1049 words - 5 pages Outline and evaluate one psychological explanation and one biological explanation of an eating disorder. [24 marks] Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder characterised by recurrent binge-eating followed by self-induced vomiting or another compensatory behaviour (purging). One psychological explanation of bulimia nervosa is the functional model which was created by Polivy et al. in 1994. This model suggests that individuals engage in the

How Sibling Relationship Is Affected By The Psychological And Emotional Effects Of Birth Order?

2110 words - 9 pages gets into the scene and competes for the attention they get from their parents. Parents should know how to handle this kind of situation. They must know how to explain to the first born child why their attention is not as much as when he/she is the only child. (Stossel 2004) Psychological Effects Inferiority Complex In Carlson’s Adlerian Therapy (2006), he explained that inferiority complex is not just the feeling of inferiority but that

What Is Hypnosis? Describe the Psychological and Physical Aspects of Hypnosis and Discuss the Role of Relaxation in Hypnotherapy

2356 words - 10 pages What Is Hypnosis? Describe the Psychological and Physical Aspects of Hypnosis and Discuss the Role of Relaxation in Hypnotherapy. Word Count 2108 When first contemplating the understanding of Hypnosis, there are many thoughts that cross through the mind, mainly due to the ever increasing popularity of the television coverage and live shows of the various versions, where groups of people have been asked to perform various acts on stage. In

Explain What Constitutes the Physical and Psychological Needs of a Three Year Old Child. Explain How These Needs Can Ideally Be Met in a Childcare Setting

2356 words - 10 pages psychological needs of a three year old including attachment, self esteem, self worth and friendship. Lastly the essay will look at how the Early Years Foundation Stage Statutory Framework (EYFS), 2012 can be implemented in order to maintain the health and safety of a setting. The basic physical needs of a human are defined by as; nutritious food to eat, shelter from the environment, clean air to breath, and clean water to drink (MCI undated c pp2

Evaluate the Contribution Psychological Research Has Made Towards Our Understanding of How Children from Birth to Five Learn and Develop Competencies in the Processes of Observation, Problem Solving,...

3252 words - 14 pages Evaluate the contribution psychological research has made towards our understanding of how children from birth to five learn and develop competencies in the processes of observation, problem solving, exploration, experimentation and prediction, thinking and decision making. Introduction The aim of this essay is to evaluate the developmental theories of ‘Problem Solving, Reasoning and Numeracy’ (PSRN) and an ‘Exploration and Investigation

Hypnosis Psychological and Physical Aspects of Hypnosis and the Role of Relaxation in Hypnotherapy

3878 words - 16 pages Hypnosіs psychologіcаl Hypnosіs іn gеnеrаl іs еаsіly а slееplіkе stаtе of concеntrаtеd аwаrеnеss. To stаtе thаt hypnosіs іs “а slееplіkе stаtе” еntаіls thаt іt іsn’t dozе prеcіsеly, аnd thus іmаgіnіng, for dеmonstrаtіon, іsn’t hypnosіs еіthеr. And yеt, іn thosе іnstаnts wе аll know-how just on thе vеrgе of droppіng slumbеrіng or rousіng up—momеnts cаllеd hypnologіc stаtеs—wе аrе sort of аrousеd аnd sort of dozіng, sort of аttеntіvе аnd sort of

The Pathway To Psychosis

1415 words - 6 pages discovers that Claudius murdered his father in order to become king, and he takes it upon himself to avenge his father’s death. Throughout the play, the severe stress of the situation seems to take its toll on Hamlet putting him in a depressed state, and eventually over time he grows ‘mad’. To put in psychological terms, he developed psychosis. The question that this paper will address is how an individual develops psychosis

Pyc4808 A1

609 words - 3 pages 48715034 Name: Nikita Maritz Student Number: 48715034 Module: PYC4808 Assignment: 01 Unique Assignment Number: 199603 1. I know that plagiarism is wrong. Plagiarism is using another’s work and pretending that it is one’s own work. 2. I have used the American Psychological Association (APA) as the convention for citation and referencing. Each significant contribution to, and quotation in, this assignment from the work, or works of

Personalities

634 words - 3 pages as intelligence, temperament, and physique (Feist & Feist, 2009). These are just a few of many definitions of personality from different sources. A few of the main theories that aim to explain personality are the psychoanalytical theory, the humanistic theory, and the observational learning theory. The psychoanalytic theory is the method of psychological therapy originated by Sigmund Freud in which free association, dream interpretation, and

Related Papers

Definitions Of Tourism And Tourists Essay

954 words - 4 pages have produced many precise definitions for both ‘tourist’ and ‘tourism’ but no definition of either term has become widely recognised. According to Smith (1988), he suggests that there “probably never will be a single definition of tourism” as economists, psychologists and geographers perceive certain things about tourism in their field (Smith 1988 as cited in Leiper 1995:3). However, any approach to defining tourism can be useful for the persons

Describe And Evaluate One Or More Definitions Of Abnormality

631 words - 3 pages Describe and Evaluate one or more definitions of Abnormality One definition of Abnormality is deviation of Social Norms. Social norms are accepted ways of behaving within a society. They are the unwritten rules that members of a society regard as being normal and acceptable, and any deviation from them can be regarded as abnormal behaviour. Examples include ways of dressing, such as women wearing feminine clothing and men wearing masculine

Psychological And Biological Explanations Of Anorexia Nervosa

859 words - 4 pages Outline and evaluate one psychological explanation and one biological explanation of one eating disorder. (8 marks + 16 marks) Anorexia is an eating disorder of abnormal weight loss dropping below 85% of what was previously considered normal. This is characterised by low blood pressure, amenorrhoea and depression, as well as other bodily changes. Anorexia is caused by strict controls on weight and unusual eating habits which can be explained

Evaluate The Psychological And Biological Explanation Of Aggression

2056 words - 9 pages QUESTION 2 OUTLINE AND EVALUATE THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AND BIOOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS OF AGGRESSION(500 - 700 WORDS) One social psychological explanation of aggression is deindividuation theory. it proposes that when individuals are put into a ‘group or crowd setting’ then they lose their sense of individuality and take on a crowd mentality.this would allow them to behave in a way that would be unnatural if they were on their own, but as they