This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Psychology Essay

1697 words - 7 pages






Name: Trymore Maposa
Reg No: R09135w
Level: 4.1(Conventional)
Module: African Psychology (PSY 404)
Lecturer: Mr. Mtemeri ...view middle of the document...

He did this through genetic epistemology which is the study of cognitive development in children. According to Cole (2005), there are four major cognitive stages in a child’s cognitive development: sensorimotor, preoperations, concrete operations and formal operations. A child’s thought process is different from other developmental stages and each of the stages has its own importance. Piaget believed that a child could not skip a stage because each one is necessary in the process of cognitive development. In Piaget’s research, these four stages are rather concrete but many current researchers do not completely agree with the exactitude and universality of these stages.

Vygotsky’s socio-cultural theory of cognitive development however proposed that children’s cognitive development is a function of their interaction with more skilled and sophisticated partners such as parents, teachers and older children. The child and his partners solve problems in tandem and through assistance the child learns to function intellectually on her own according to Cole, (2005). Vygotsky held that babies are born with innate abilities.

Piaget and Vygotsky were concerned with a common unit of analysis; namely, the processes of thinking of a subject located in society and culture. They proceeded from a common ontological assumption that knowledge is actively constructed and that it is the product of the actions of an individual rather than an imposition by society and culture. Individual activity as a central mechanism that accounts for knowledge was explained by Piaget through the concept of equilibration while Vygotsky used the concept of internalization to account for the same process. Both processes suggest adaptation through transformation of self.

According to Santrock, (2004) Piaget and Vygotsky were two prominent scholars of cognitive development theories. Even with two very different backgrounds, both scholars took a constructivist approach to their research in cognitive development as they believed, “children must construct their own understandings of the world in which they live”

Both Piaget and Vygotsky theories can be incorporated in the classroom. Both theorists take a constructivist point of view and also believe that students are not passive in their knowledge according to Santrock, (2004). Teachers are important organizers, stimulators, guides, and supporters of learning. Piaget’s theory suggests that students need a curriculum that supports their cognitive development by learning concepts and logical steps and that children are only capable of learning specific material in specific stages of cognitive development. Vygotsky would suggest more peer and cultural interactions in the classroom. He also believes that knowledgeable adults can help children learn even if they are not at the specific stage as Piaget suggests according to Wretch, (1991). It is possible that while children are learning about concepts and logic, they can also...

Other Essays Like Psychology

Psychology Essay

660 words - 3 pages Psychology October 14, 2014 Stage 1: Infants learn to trust or mistrust their caregivers and the world based on whether their needs such as food, affection and safety are met. Ben Carson likely developed trust for this mother and father, although his mother was more nurturing then his father who left the family when he was 8 years old. Even though at times his mother had to work 3 jobs, she seen to it that he and his brother had enough food

Psychology Essay

1158 words - 5 pages FRAMEWORK FOR STUDYING HUMAN RESILIENCE By Poonam Punni T00037598 Assignment No. 1 Submitted to Dr. Jean Ferri In partial fulfillment of the requirements for Psychology 399 TRU, Open Learning October 7, 2012 Part A: Short-Answer questions 1. A hypothesis is an educated guess as to explain something that you do not know of. The theory would be to


612 words - 3 pages Psychology Course Code + Title Name of Institution Name of Instructor Name of Student Date This paper is a psychology paper that seeks to write a two page report on the article I read that is entitled ‘5 ways that the body language can signal trouble’. Sometimes there is no need to question our senses when it comes to judging someone concerning what he or she feels, body language explains everything. It is clear that a feeling for joy or

Psychology - 848 words

848 words - 4 pages 1. Kathy does not want to become a psychologist because she has no interest in analyzing emotionally disturbed people. Use your knowledge of psychology's perspectives and subfields to expand Kathy's limited understanding of career opportunities for psychologists. Kathy seems to have little understanding of the wide range of disciplines and subfields psychology has to offer, most likely because a lot of the textbooks focus on psychological

Psychology - 4664 words

4664 words - 19 pages SENSATION AND PERCEPTION REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE (FOREIGN) I. PSYCHOLOGY (Douglas A. Bernstein, Edward J. Roy, Thomas K. Skull, Christopher D. Wickens) BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PSYCHOLOGY CONSCIOUSNESS MOTIVATION EMOTION PERCEPTION SENSATION The diagram above illustrates some of the relationships between different aspects of psychology through sensation. What happens if people are denied on this contact

Psychology - 826 words

826 words - 4 pages Psychology: 725-739 Social Psychology Notes: Prejudice is an unjustified or incorrect attitude (usually negative) towards an individual based solely on the individual’s membership of a social group. For example, a person may hold prejudiced views towards a certain race or gender etc. (e.g. sexist). A prejudiced Vs. Discrimination: A prejudiced person may not act on their attitude.  Therefore, someone can be prejudiced towards a certain

Psychology - 1092 words

1092 words - 5 pages . Due to this, it can be viewed as support for the nature side rather than the nurture side. Since visual activity is improved to adult levels between the years four and six; playing this game will really help them strengthen their visual activity. Thomas Connolly, author of Psychology, Pedagogy, and Assessment in Serious Games writes, “Games benefit learning, attention and perceptual skills and problem solving and metacognition” (Connolly 37

Psychology - 1401 words

1401 words - 6 pages . Reference Kowalski, R. & Westen, D. (2009). Psychology (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ:Wiley. Pg 158-171

Psychology - 3042 words

3042 words - 13 pages someone physically attractive but his personality turns you off. You’d love to teach useful psychology to college students but the pay is low. In this kind of situation, any decision you make has some disadvantage. It’s “damned if do and damned if I don’t. “ Avoidance-approach conflict Some ordinarily avoidable goals are so enticing (opposite of A) that once you get close you can’t stop: you can’t stop with one anew; a sexually attractive and

Psychology - 3978 words

3978 words - 16 pages  surprised  by  a   strange  man  appearing  from  nowhere.   C.  After  a  satisfying  evening  meal,  Callum  relaxes  in  front  of  the  television.  Correct   D.  Brooke's  finger  accidentally  grazes  a  hot  iron;  she  immediately  jerks  her  hand  away.     Which  research  method  in  psychology  is

Psychology - 3228 words

3228 words - 13 pages COLOR PURPLE: LIFE OF CELIE Margaret Njigua Northshore Community College Psychology 118 Professor Stanga

Related Papers

Psychology Essay 596 Words


Psychology Essay 1282 Words

1282 words - 6 pages Chapter 1 – Psychology and Life * Psychology research has immediate and crucial applications to important issues of every day experience, including your physical and mental health, your ability to form and sustain close relationships, and your capacity for learning and personal growth Definitions * PSYCHOLOGY: The scientific study of the behaviour of individuals and their mental processes * SCIENTIFIC METHOD: The set of procedures

Psychology Essay 1572 Words

1572 words - 7 pages PYC4811 COMMUNITY AND HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY Assignment 1 Unique number: 536709 Student number: 46338462 Assignment 1: 536709 PYC4811 Student number: 46338462 Index 1. Introduction 2. Historical background 3. Aims and approaches 4. Theories 5. Critiques 6. Conclusion 7. References 3 3 4 5 5 6 6 2 Assignment 1: 536709 PYC4811 Student number: 46338462 Introduction According to Orford (1998:36) Community Psychology(CP

Psychology Essay 751 Words

751 words - 4 pages Psychology Today Although the study of psychology started many years ago. Over the past twenty years the research has went more in depth and the researchers have made leaps and bounds in discovering more and more of what and how the human mind thinks. From children to adults to the minds of mentally disabled people as well as even serial killers. There are so many different perspectives in psychology and so many different ways that the