FRAMEWORK FOR STUDYING HUMAN RESILIENCE
Assignment No. 1
Dr. Jean Ferri
In partial fulfillment of the requirements for
TRU, Open Learning
October 7, 2012
Part A: Short-Answer questions
1. A hypothesis is an educated guess as to explain something that you do not know of. The theory would be to test that guess and see if it actually works or is true. The theory comes from when you can prove the certain thing that takes place.
2. The independent variable in the memorization test would be the two different climate settings of hot and ...view middle of the document...
The moderator variable is more commonly seen in resilience research because resilience research involves examining how particular variables may protect or buffer against adverse outcomes in the presence of risk factors.
7. The risk variable is weight loss program. The moderating variable is weight loss in overweight men. The outcome variable is the weight loss program does not help overweight women.
8. The mediating variable is parental stress. The predictor variable is family poverty. The outcome variable poorer parenting practices.
9. The two main focuses of this study were to assess the long-term consequences of prenatal and perinatal stress and to document the effects of adverse early rearing conditions on children’s physical, cognitive and psychosocial development
10. The problem with retrospective research is that there are few records and memories of parents and others are often inaccurate. Also, only a small number of risk factors are usually targeted for study, for example a single parent or an alcoholic parent.
11. High-risked children were defined as those who have experienced prenatal stress, dysfunctional and impoverished homes, and those who have mentally disturbed or alcoholic parents.
12. The three adverse outcomes identified in the study are based on high-risk children who went on to develop healthy personalities, stable careers and strong interpersonal relations
13. Indicators of positive outcomes for “at-risk” individuals when they were young adults were when these individuals were able to maintain stable careers while having great interpersonal relations and healthy personalities.
14. Resilient children had had fairly high activity levels, low degrees of excitability and distress, and a high degree of sociability. Furthermore, the resilient children came from families with fewer children who were spaced farther apart. They also had the opportunity to establish a close bond with at least one caretaker who took special care of them in the early years of development. These children also seemed to find a great deal of emotional support outside their immediate family such as teachers and peers.
15. Vulnerable at risk children were considered priority for interventions with the help of support networks so that the resilient child can develop a sense of meaning in their lives and a belief that they could control their fate.
Part B: Risk and Resilience Factors
The recent shift in studying psychology which focused disparities that increase the risk of developing adverse outcomes is now moving towards a more positive psychology that focuses on examining human resilience and strengths (Cleverley & Kidd, 2011). This shift in paradigm has allowed researchers to...