Psychology Essay

1158 words - 5 pages



Poonam Punni


Assignment No. 1

Submitted to

Dr. Jean Ferri

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for

Psychology 399

TRU, Open Learning

October 7, 2012

Part A: Short-Answer questions

1. A hypothesis is an educated guess as to explain something that you do not know of. The theory would be to test that guess and see if it actually works or is true. The theory comes from when you can prove the certain thing that takes place.

2. The independent variable in the memorization test would be the two different climate settings of hot and ...view middle of the document...

The moderator variable is more commonly seen in resilience research because resilience research involves examining how particular variables may protect or buffer against adverse outcomes in the presence of risk factors.

7. The risk variable is weight loss program. The moderating variable is weight loss in overweight men. The outcome variable is the weight loss program does not help overweight women.

8. The mediating variable is parental stress. The predictor variable is family poverty. The outcome variable poorer parenting practices.

9. The two main focuses of this study were to assess the long-term consequences of prenatal and perinatal stress and to document the effects of adverse early rearing conditions on children’s physical, cognitive and psychosocial development

10. The problem with retrospective research is that there are few records and memories of parents and others are often inaccurate. Also, only a small number of risk factors are usually targeted for study, for example a single parent or an alcoholic parent.

11. High-risked children were defined as those who have experienced prenatal stress, dysfunctional and impoverished homes, and those who have mentally disturbed or alcoholic parents.

12. The three adverse outcomes identified in the study are based on high-risk children who went on to develop healthy personalities, stable careers and strong interpersonal relations

13. Indicators of positive outcomes for “at-risk” individuals when they were young adults were when these individuals were able to maintain stable careers while having great interpersonal relations and healthy personalities.

14. Resilient children had had fairly high activity levels, low degrees of excitability and distress, and a high degree of sociability. Furthermore, the resilient children came from families with fewer children who were spaced farther apart. They also had the opportunity to establish a close bond with at least one caretaker who took special care of them in the early years of development. These children also seemed to find a great deal of emotional support outside their immediate family such as teachers and peers.

15. Vulnerable at risk children were considered priority for interventions with the help of support networks so that the resilient child can develop a sense of meaning in their lives and a belief that they could control their fate.

Part B: Risk and Resilience Factors

The recent shift in studying psychology which focused disparities that increase the risk of developing adverse outcomes is now moving towards a more positive psychology that focuses on examining human resilience and strengths (Cleverley & Kidd, 2011). This shift in paradigm has allowed researchers to...

Other Essays Like Psychology

Psychology Essay

660 words - 3 pages Psychology October 14, 2014 Stage 1: Infants learn to trust or mistrust their caregivers and the world based on whether their needs such as food, affection and safety are met. Ben Carson likely developed trust for this mother and father, although his mother was more nurturing then his father who left the family when he was 8 years old. Even though at times his mother had to work 3 jobs, she seen to it that he and his brother had enough food

Psychology Essay

612 words - 3 pages Psychology Course Code + Title Name of Institution Name of Instructor Name of Student Date This paper is a psychology paper that seeks to write a two page report on the article I read that is entitled ‘5 ways that the body language can signal trouble’. Sometimes there is no need to question our senses when it comes to judging someone concerning what he or she feels, body language explains everything. It is clear that a feeling for joy or


848 words - 4 pages 1. Kathy does not want to become a psychologist because she has no interest in analyzing emotionally disturbed people. Use your knowledge of psychology's perspectives and subfields to expand Kathy's limited understanding of career opportunities for psychologists. Kathy seems to have little understanding of the wide range of disciplines and subfields psychology has to offer, most likely because a lot of the textbooks focus on psychological

Psychology - 4664 words

4664 words - 19 pages SENSATION AND PERCEPTION REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE (FOREIGN) I. PSYCHOLOGY (Douglas A. Bernstein, Edward J. Roy, Thomas K. Skull, Christopher D. Wickens) BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PSYCHOLOGY CONSCIOUSNESS MOTIVATION EMOTION PERCEPTION SENSATION The diagram above illustrates some of the relationships between different aspects of psychology through sensation. What happens if people are denied on this contact

Psychology - 1697 words

1697 words - 7 pages ------------------------------------------------- Level: 4.1(Conventional) ------------------------------------------------- Module: African Psychology (PSY 404) ------------------------------------------------- Lecturer: Mr. Mtemeri J. ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- Assignment: Compare and contrast the concept formation according to Piaget and Vygotsky. How

Psychology - 826 words

826 words - 4 pages Psychology: 725-739 Social Psychology Notes: Prejudice is an unjustified or incorrect attitude (usually negative) towards an individual based solely on the individual’s membership of a social group. For example, a person may hold prejudiced views towards a certain race or gender etc. (e.g. sexist). A prejudiced Vs. Discrimination: A prejudiced person may not act on their attitude.  Therefore, someone can be prejudiced towards a certain

Psychology - 1092 words

1092 words - 5 pages . Due to this, it can be viewed as support for the nature side rather than the nurture side. Since visual activity is improved to adult levels between the years four and six; playing this game will really help them strengthen their visual activity. Thomas Connolly, author of Psychology, Pedagogy, and Assessment in Serious Games writes, “Games benefit learning, attention and perceptual skills and problem solving and metacognition” (Connolly 37

Psychology - 1401 words

1401 words - 6 pages . Reference Kowalski, R. & Westen, D. (2009). Psychology (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ:Wiley. Pg 158-171

Psychology - 3042 words

3042 words - 13 pages someone physically attractive but his personality turns you off. You’d love to teach useful psychology to college students but the pay is low. In this kind of situation, any decision you make has some disadvantage. It’s “damned if do and damned if I don’t. “ Avoidance-approach conflict Some ordinarily avoidable goals are so enticing (opposite of A) that once you get close you can’t stop: you can’t stop with one anew; a sexually attractive and

Psychology - 3978 words

3978 words - 16 pages  surprised  by  a   strange  man  appearing  from  nowhere.   C.  After  a  satisfying  evening  meal,  Callum  relaxes  in  front  of  the  television.  Correct   D.  Brooke's  finger  accidentally  grazes  a  hot  iron;  she  immediately  jerks  her  hand  away.     Which  research  method  in  psychology  is

Psychology - 3228 words

3228 words - 13 pages COLOR PURPLE: LIFE OF CELIE Margaret Njigua Northshore Community College Psychology 118 Professor Stanga

Related Papers

Psychology Essay 596 Words


Psychology Essay 1282 Words

1282 words - 6 pages Chapter 1 – Psychology and Life * Psychology research has immediate and crucial applications to important issues of every day experience, including your physical and mental health, your ability to form and sustain close relationships, and your capacity for learning and personal growth Definitions * PSYCHOLOGY: The scientific study of the behaviour of individuals and their mental processes * SCIENTIFIC METHOD: The set of procedures

Psychology Essay 1572 Words

1572 words - 7 pages PYC4811 COMMUNITY AND HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY Assignment 1 Unique number: 536709 Student number: 46338462 Assignment 1: 536709 PYC4811 Student number: 46338462 Index 1. Introduction 2. Historical background 3. Aims and approaches 4. Theories 5. Critiques 6. Conclusion 7. References 3 3 4 5 5 6 6 2 Assignment 1: 536709 PYC4811 Student number: 46338462 Introduction According to Orford (1998:36) Community Psychology(CP

Psychology Essay 751 Words

751 words - 4 pages Psychology Today Although the study of psychology started many years ago. Over the past twenty years the research has went more in depth and the researchers have made leaps and bounds in discovering more and more of what and how the human mind thinks. From children to adults to the minds of mentally disabled people as well as even serial killers. There are so many different perspectives in psychology and so many different ways that the