This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Psychology Report On The Stroop Effect

3247 words - 13 pages

Psychological report on the Stroop effect

By Thomas Silk
Abstract
The aim of this experiment is to study autonomic processes by replicating the previously carried out Stroop effect by using numbers.
My hypothesis was that participants will be slower to properly identify the colour of ink when the ink used to produce colour names different from the ink. That is, observers were slower to identify red ink when it spelled the word blue.
A number of 20 random participants aged in between 17-18 were recruited to participate in this experiment. Participants were presented with one condition for 10 participants and a second for the other 10.The first condition had the words of colours and were ...view middle of the document...

To explore properties of automatized behaviours cognitive psychologists often put observers in a situation where an automatized response is in conflict with the desired behaviour. This allows researchers to test the behind-the-scenes properties of automatized behaviours by noting their influence on more easily measured behaviours. This demonstration explores a well-known example of this type of influence, the Stroop effect.
The Stroop Effect was first reported by John Ridley Stroop in 1935, and looks at how our brains process words. We process these letters so quickly that we struggle to be able to say the colour rather than the word
Stroop (1935) noted that observers were slower to properly identify the colour of ink when the ink was used to produce colour names different from the ink. That is, observers were slower to identify red ink when it spelled the word blue. This is an interesting finding because observers are told to not pay any attention to the word names and simply report the colour of the ink. However, this seems to be a nearly impossible task, as the name of the word seems to interfere with the observer's ability to report the colour of the ink. A common explanation for the Stroop effect is that observers (especially college undergraduates) have automatized the process of reading. Thus, the colour names of the words are always processed very quickly, regardless of the colour of the ink. On the other hand, identifying colours is not a task that observers have to report on very often, and because it is not automatized it is slower. The fast and automatic processing of the colour name of the word interferes with the reporting of the ink colour. The Stroop task, and its many variations, are a commonly used tool in cognitive psychology to explore how different types of behaviours interact. This demonstration allows you to participate in a simple version of the Stroop task. The actual words have a strong influence over your ability to say the colour of the words. The interference between the different information (what the words say and the colour of the words) your brain receives causes a problem.
Stroop's research originated from James McKeen Cattell (1886), who found that responding to objects and colours took longer to read aloud than words. The association between the name and idea took place so frequently that it became an automated process. Unlike with pictures and colours, an intentional effort had to be made. The Stroop effect was used to discredit the theory of controlled and automatic processing by Schneider and Shiffrin (1977). Their theory concluded that controlled processing was slower than automatic. Also, once a task was automated it could be done with no conscious effort, and this would affect all other activities. Sheibe, Shaver and Carrier (1967) found that if the word was congruent, it would be identified quicker than if it was incongruent. This also supports for Stroop's investigation (1935). However, all prior...

Other Essays Like Psychology Report on the Stroop Effect

The Internets Effect on Society Essay

551 words - 3 pages The rapid evolution of our society can be attributed to the technological advances the public has experienced over the years. A development such as the internet has created innovative methods for the public to communicate, congregate, and share information. The internet has and will continue to alter the way people live but the there are pros and cons to the degree in which they rely on this technology. The social effects and the

West's Effect on the World Essay

2756 words - 12 pages businesses grew from national to international, capitalism on an international stage also had the same effect. The division of nations is of winners and losers, of nations tha t. Latin American nations, African nations, and some Asian countries were all losers at one point or still are to the Western powers. Ever since the Europeans ventured into these lands in the name of competition, expansion and wealth, these countries have continued

The Effect of Videogames on Student Achievement

2785 words - 12 pages The Effect of Videogames on Student Achievement BY JONATHAN CRATON Introduction In the past few decades, interactive electronic media has grown from virtual non-existence to one of the primary means of entertainment for college students. In more recent years, the Internet has completely changed the landscape of electronic media from something individual and static into something with the potential to be interactive and social.  This article

The Effect of Sarbanes-Oxley on Auditors

2666 words - 11 pages Journal of Finance and Accountancy The Effect of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act on Auditors’ Audit Performance Tae G. Ryu Metropolitan State College of Denver Barbara Uliss Metropolitan State College of Denver Chul-Young Roh East Tennessee State University ABSTRACT The issue of audit reporting for financially distressed firms continues to be of interest to the public and to legislators. Previous studies have consistently shown that auditors

The Media’s Effect on Women’s Body Image

919 words - 4 pages The Media’s Effect on Women’s Body Image Women and young girls are obsessively trying to alter their appearance just to look like the perfect body images we see in movies and magazines. What is body image? Body image is how people picture themselves and how they think other people picture them. It is basically how you feel about your body, and it includes your imagination, emotions, and perception. Images portrayed by the media tend to make

The Effect of Temperature on Air Pressure

1419 words - 6 pages DESCRIPTION: My project consists of a series experiments to determine the effect of air pressure in a given environment at various temperatures. The experiments I chose to conduct are: 1) Heat an ordinary pop can on a hot plate and then putting the can upside down in cold water to see the effect of a fast change in temperature. 2) Partially full milk jug with hot water, put the cap on tightly, and let it sit for one hour to see

The Effect Of Highspeed Trains On Society

1261 words - 6 pages The Effect of Highspeed Trains on Society A major reason in favor of the construction of high-speed trains in America is to relieve airways and traffic congestion. First, delays at airports are costly. Larry Johnson, director of the Center for transportation Research at Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago, calculates that passengers lose more that twelve million hours each year in delays at O'Hare airport alone. In 1986, according to the

Education’s Effect on the “Wage Gap”

3266 words - 14 pages Education’s Effect on the “Wage Gap”                A hot-topic that continues to be a point of emphasis across not only the United States economy but the world economy as a whole is the ever-increasing gap between the upper-class and lower-class. The recent recession in the United States has intensified the subject seeing the top one percent of incomes in the country rise 20% in 2012 as opposed to some other lower-class incomes falling as much

The Effect of Light on Photosynthesis

1206 words - 5 pages The Effect of Light on Photosynthesis Plants need and use the same light of foods as animals but while animals have to eat other things to get their food, plants make it themselves. The way they do this is called photosynthesis. The other ways that plants are different from animals, such as having leaves and root or being green, they are all linked with photosynthesis. In photosynthesis, plants take carbon dioxide

The Effect of Religion on Hamlet's Decisions

1310 words - 6 pages The Effect of Religion on Hamlet’s Decisions For as long as history has been recorded, most humans have turned toward religion to guide them through everyday life. Religion often contains a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs. Most religious people also believe in a life after death in which one’s actions during their time on earth determine whether they are privileged in their afterlife and go to Heaven or punished and go to

The Effect of Credit on Consumers That Impact on Firms

691 words - 3 pages The effect of credit on consumers that impact on firms Fundamentals of Business The effect of credit on consumers that impact on firms Firms will not exist without the presence of a consumer, they depend on consumers, so when a consumer is affected by some changes, the same applies to firms. Example of extracts below illustrate. Example 1 Extract from bbc.co.uk, Monday, 30 June 2008 Credit crunch hits NI motor market First it was the

Related Papers

The Stroop Effect Essay

3026 words - 13 pages matchmakers or telephone dating lines, or they can place an advertisement in a newspaper. Any of these actions are intended to change the situation of their lives.This is a study of personal relationship ads placed in a newspaper. In composing such ads, the advertisers must construct an image of themselves and describe their vision of the partner they seek. This research focuses on the information and the requests males and females placed to

Study On The Effects On Attention Via The Interaction Of Automatic And Controlled Processes Using A Variation Of The Stroop Effect

2787 words - 12 pages Study on the effects on attention via the interaction of automatic and controlled processes using a variation of the Stroop effect. ABSTRACT The effect of automatic processing on controlled processing was investigated in this experiment. Previous research conducted by Stroop (1935, as cited in Edgar) had revealed that automatic processing can interfere with controlled processing via response times in naming ink colours of printed words

Laboratory Report On Oxygen Bubbling Experiment To Investigate Of The Effect Of Light Intensity On The Rate Of Photosynthesis

709 words - 3 pages Biology Laboratory report on oxygen bubbling experiment to investigate of the effect of light intensity on the rate of photosynthesis Objective To investigate the effect of light intensity on the rate of photosynthesis. Principle of design and Assumptions It is known that light is required in the photochemical stage of photosynthesis. Nonetheless, it is uncertain that if rate of photosynthesis is related to light intensity. Since

Edmund’s Effect On The Outcome Essay

718 words - 3 pages Each story, whether fiction or non-fiction has important characters that aid, change and/or effect the end result. Edmund, an important character, if not the most important character in the novel King Lear has an effect on almost all the events that occur. Without Edmund, Goneril and Regan would not have been pitted against each other, Gloucester would not have had his eyes gauged and his drive for power may have gone a different route