This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Psychology Today Essay

2162 words - 9 pages


1.|The persistence of learning over time most clearly depends on:|
A)|proactive interference.|
C)|the serial position effect.|
D)|visual encoding.|

2.|The process of encoding refers to:|
A)|a clear memory of an emotionally significant event.|
B)|getting information into memory.|
C)|the persistence of learning over time.|
D)|the recall of information previously learned.|

3.|The process of getting information out of memory is called:|

4.|Your consciously activated but limited-capacity memory is called ________ memory.|

...view middle of the document...

D)|getting information into memory through the use of visual imagery.|

12.|A momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli is called ________ memory.|

13.|Echoic memory refers to:|
A)|a vivid memory of an emotionally significant event.|
B)|the automatic retention of incidental information about the timing and frequency of events.|
C)|a momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli.|
D)|the encoded meanings of words and events in long-term memory.|

14.|“The magical number seven, plus or minus two” refers to the storage capacity of ________ memory.|

15.|Which type of memory has an essentially unlimited capacity?|
A)|short-term memory|
B)|iconic memory|
C)|echoic memory|
D)|long-term memory|

16.|The increase in synaptic firing potential that contributes to memory formation is known as:|
A)|proactive interference.|
B)|long-term potentiation.|
D)|automatic processing.|

17.|Joshua vividly recalls his feelings and what he was doing at the exact moment when he heard of his grandfather's unexpected death. This best illustrates:|
A)|proactive interference.|
B)|the serial position effect.|
C)|sensory memory.|
D)|flashbulb memory.|

18.|A retention of skills and dispositions without conscious recollection is known as ________ memory.|

19.|The hippocampus plays a critical role in ________ memory.|

20.|Memories are primed by:|
A)|retrieval cues.|
B)|retroactive interference.|
C)|source amnesia.|

21.|Déjà vu refers to the:|
A)|eerie sense of having previously experienced a situation or event.|
B)|unconscious activation of particular associations in memory.|
C)|emotional arousal produced by events that prime us to recall associated events.|
D)|tendency to remember experiences that are consistent with one's current mood.|

22.|The disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information is called:|
A)|the spacing effect.|
B)|proactive interference.|
C)|the serial position effect.|
D)|retroactive interference.|

23.|The finding that people who sleep after learning a list of nonsense syllables forget less than people who stay awake provides evidence that forgetting may involve:|
C)|encoding failure.|
D)|implicit memory loss.|

24.|A type of motivated forgetting in which anxiety-arousing memories are blocked from conscious awareness is known as:|
B)|retroactive interference.|
C)|proactive interference.|

25.|By incorporating errors originating from a hypnotist's leading questions, hypnotically refreshed memories often illustrate:|
A)|proactive interference.|
B)|the misinformation effect.|
C)|the serial position effect.|

Other Essays Like Psychology Today

Social Psychology Essay

1735 words - 7 pages on their own children has a better understanding of what to look for in other children. The research that was conducted back in the early 20th century, has definitely set the path for the finding today. Without the information to reference it should be hard to grasp what aspects of psychology to focus upon. Developmental and social psychology shall continue to develop throughout the years to come. Reference Brysbaert, M., Buchmeier, M., Conrad

Humanistic Psychology Essay

2515 words - 11 pages Unviversity of Saint Leo | Humanistic Psychology | How Maslow influences Humanistic Psychology? | | | | Abstract This paper demonstrates how Abraham Maslow’s self-actualization and transpersonal psychology influence Humanistic Psychology today. An elaborate background of Maslow is presented to show how Humanistic Psychology took ground. A discussion of the self-actualization theory and peak experiences is also presented to

History and Approaches Paper in Psychology

1833 words - 8 pages behavior and motor theorydevelopment. She was the first woman to be granted a PhD in psychology (1894), and the second woman, after Mary Whiton Calkins, to serve as an APA President (1921). Wilhelm Wundt- was a German physician, psychologist, physiologist, philosopher, and professor, known today as one of the founding figures of modern psychology. Wundt, who noted psychology as a science apart from biology and philosophy, was the first person

Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper

1645 words - 7 pages explain the interest that has always been there for the human mind. Many philosophers, including Aristotle, kept themselves occupied by asking diverse questions about human existence and the process of functioning. These questions, even though simple in nature, can be defined today as the first true movement towards the formation of the discipline known today as psychology. Others came and followed these first foot-steps, which would later

New Study Area: Psychology

678 words - 3 pages to another school and another major—management school, management science, which made me very sad. However I never give up my dream, so I decided to change my major if I have a chance. That’s what I am today. So I want to introduce psychology to you. psychology Psychology is a young and growing science that touches on a broad range of human activities. In general, however, one can say that psychology tries to explain why people act, think, and


1282 words - 6 pages problems, fantasizing, and consciousness * Cognitive psychologists study higher mental processes such as perception, memory, language use, problem solving, and decision making at a variety of levels * Because of its focus on mental processes, many researchers see the cognitive perspective as the dominant one in psychology today * The Biological Perspective * BIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE: The approach to identifying causes of

History of Psychology

1518 words - 7 pages philosophical origins, include how the   science of Physics and Biology were placed in history and how they   influenced research and determined the development of Psychology as   its recognised today.   Beginning with the philosophers Plato and Aristotle (between 428- 347)   in ancient Greece, they began to ask questions on learning,   motivation, memory, dreaming and perception. Reluctant to measure,   Plato and Aristotle believed the

Foundations of Psychology

1295 words - 6 pages today. So knowing that psychology has been around for many years, and today the same questions are still being sought after. The complexity of human nature and exactly what makes us humans tick continues to be the main study of behavior and psychology go hand and hand. The Forerunners of Psychology: Many times over the same people that studied thinking and behaviors has been brought up in the studies of Psychology such as Aristotle, he

Environmental Psychology

840 words - 4 pages Environmental Psychology Environmental psychology is the study of the environment’s affect on humans as well as the effect humans have on the environment (Clayton & Myers, 2009). The theories of evolutionary psychology and biophilia seek to explain the extremely complex relationship between humans and their natural environment. Environmental research within this discipline has obtained empirical evidence, which proves helpful in

Edward Tolman

842 words - 4 pages suggestion of purposive behaviorism involved determining the cognitive control of learning was not constrained to the evolutionary competency of the apes (Hilgard, 1987). Edward Tolman was a pioneer of psychology, today he is classified as a cognitive behaviorist and the discoverer of the cognitive theory. Tolman’s perception of cognitive maps is still being used in the field of psychology. Cognitive maps were the basis to hypothesis of

Cognitive Theorists

751 words - 4 pages between competing or more refined drives; motor patterns- learning and refinement of sensory – motor skills.” ("Theories Of Learning In Educational Psychology", 2013). The modern relevancy of his models are still used today. They may not be a popular choice, but they are still used in education. People are still creating models, performing experiments, and writing notes on paper to develop conclusions. Edward C Tolman had a similar view to the

Related Papers

History Of Psychology Essay

902 words - 4 pages French philosopher, introduced the first idea of dualism, which is the explanation that the mind and body are separate parts that work together to create the human experience. “Many other issues still debated by psychologists today, such as relative contributions of nature vs. nurture are rooted in these early philosophical traditions” (Citizendium, 2010). Psychology has been often mistakenly viewed as a young discipline, in all actuality

Assessing An Individual's Competence, Behavior, And Mental Health

837 words - 4 pages organism causing psychological issues like the brain is today. Theory and speculation of individuals psychological stability was once the common way of dealing with psychology. The discovery of the physiological aspect of psychology changed the way scientist and physicians handled patients. Wundt’s assessment technique almost never made it to the United Sates because interpretation was difficult. A student of Wundt’s namedTitchener helped

I/O Psychology Paper

811 words - 4 pages recruits in jobs for which they were best suited.” Consulting firms started hiring I/O psychologist for the organizations for a fee to solve the problems of the employee performances. Two tests were developed from the I/O psychologists in earlier years that are still used today and they were the Scholastic Aptitude Test and the SAT (Spector, 2008). Industrial/Organization psychology differs from general psychology. Industrial/organizational

Effects Of Divorce On Children Essay

593 words - 3 pages . Additionally, children of divorce should be aware of any challenges they might encounter as a tool avoid potential risks and be more resilient. I have background knowledge of the immediate impact that divorce has on children at the time the divorce takes place from psychology course I have taken in the past. I also have general idea as the consequences divorce can have on different stages of childhood from the books The Marriage Go Around: The State