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Psychology Today Essay

2162 words - 9 pages

EXAM 3A

1.|The persistence of learning over time most clearly depends on:|
A)|proactive interference.|
B)|memory.|
C)|the serial position effect.|
D)|visual encoding.|

2.|The process of encoding refers to:|
A)|a clear memory of an emotionally significant event.|
B)|getting information into memory.|
C)|the persistence of learning over time.|
D)|the recall of information previously learned.|

3.|The process of getting information out of memory is called:|
A)|rehearsal.|
B)|retrieval.|
C)|encoding.|
D)|relearning.|

4.|Your consciously activated but limited-capacity memory is called ________ memory.|
A)|mood-congruent|
B)|explicit|
C)|implicit|
D)|short-term|

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D)|getting information into memory through the use of visual imagery.|

12.|A momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli is called ________ memory.|
A)|implicit|
B)|flashbulb|
C)|echoic|
D)|iconic|

13.|Echoic memory refers to:|
A)|a vivid memory of an emotionally significant event.|
B)|the automatic retention of incidental information about the timing and frequency of events.|
C)|a momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli.|
D)|the encoded meanings of words and events in long-term memory.|

14.|“The magical number seven, plus or minus two” refers to the storage capacity of ________ memory.|
A)|flashbulb|
B)|short-term|
C)|implicit|
D)|explicit|

15.|Which type of memory has an essentially unlimited capacity?|
A)|short-term memory|
B)|iconic memory|
C)|echoic memory|
D)|long-term memory|

16.|The increase in synaptic firing potential that contributes to memory formation is known as:|
A)|proactive interference.|
B)|long-term potentiation.|
C)|chunking.|
D)|automatic processing.|

17.|Joshua vividly recalls his feelings and what he was doing at the exact moment when he heard of his grandfather's unexpected death. This best illustrates:|
A)|proactive interference.|
B)|the serial position effect.|
C)|sensory memory.|
D)|flashbulb memory.|

18.|A retention of skills and dispositions without conscious recollection is known as ________ memory.|
A)|flashbulb|
B)|implicit|
C)|state-dependent|
D)|short-term|

19.|The hippocampus plays a critical role in ________ memory.|
A)|implicit|
B)|iconic|
C)|explicit|
D)|echoic|

20.|Memories are primed by:|
A)|retrieval cues.|
B)|retroactive interference.|
C)|source amnesia.|
D)|repression.|

21.|Déjà vu refers to the:|
A)|eerie sense of having previously experienced a situation or event.|
B)|unconscious activation of particular associations in memory.|
C)|emotional arousal produced by events that prime us to recall associated events.|
D)|tendency to remember experiences that are consistent with one's current mood.|

22.|The disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information is called:|
A)|the spacing effect.|
B)|proactive interference.|
C)|the serial position effect.|
D)|retroactive interference.|

23.|The finding that people who sleep after learning a list of nonsense syllables forget less than people who stay awake provides evidence that forgetting may involve:|
A)|repression.|
B)|interference.|
C)|encoding failure.|
D)|implicit memory loss.|

24.|A type of motivated forgetting in which anxiety-arousing memories are blocked from conscious awareness is known as:|
A)|priming.|
B)|retroactive interference.|
C)|proactive interference.|
D)|repression.|

25.|By incorporating errors originating from a hypnotist's leading questions, hypnotically refreshed memories often illustrate:|
A)|proactive interference.|
B)|the misinformation effect.|
C)|the serial position effect.|
D)|rosy...

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