Public Awareness And Human Diseases: Obesity

1621 words - 7 pages

Public Awareness and Human Diseases: Obesity
Kristin Carothers
September 18, 2011

Public Awareness and Human Diseases: Obesity
Obesity is not just a sickness or disease, but a disease that can be life threatening and can cause a lot of health issues for individuals suffering from this disease. This essay will go into detail what obesity is, the ways to treat, prevent, and where you can go for help. Along with a proposal for a community based education and awareness program.
Obesity is an excess portion of total body fat. A person is considered obese when his or her weight is 20 percent or more above normal weight. The most common measure of obesity is the body mass index ...view middle of the document...

That is partly why women gain weight after menopause.
Genetics is another factor. Obesity and thinness seem to run in families. In a study of adults who were adopted as children, researchers found that participation adult’s weights were closer to their biological parents’ weights than their adoptive parents. The environment provide by the adoptive family apparently had less influence on the development of obesity than the person’s genetic make-up. In fact, if a person’s biological mother is heavy as an adult, there is a 75 percent chance that you will be obese. (Nazario, 2011) The same goes for the fact that if the mother is thin in adulthood there is still a 75 percent chance that the person is thin as well. That is not to say that if you do have that 75 percent either way that it will happen. Even if it is the obese one, if a person exercises regularly and eats right their chance would not be as high.
Another factor is environmental, which play a significant role in obesity. These factors include lifestyle behaviors such as what a person eats and how much he or she exercises or is active.
It will then go into physical activity, which is yet another factor. Active individuals require more calories than less active ones to maintain their weight. Additionally, physical activity tends to decrease appetite in obese individuals while increasing the body’s ability to preferentially metabolize fat as an energy source. Much of the increase in obesity in the last 20 years is thought to have resulted from the decreased level of daily physical activity. (Nazario, 2011)
Psychological factors also influence eating habits and obesity. Many people eat in response to negative emotions such as s boredom, sadness, or anger. People who have difficulty with weight management may be facing more emotional and psychological issues. About 30 percent of people who seek treatment for serious weight problems have difficulties with binge eating. (Nazario, 2011) During a binge eating episode, people eat large amounts of food while felling they cannot control how much food they are actually eating.
Illness is another factor. Some people may not think that this is a cause of obesity or that it is not a good enough cause, but there are diseases or disorders that can cause obesity. There are also medications that can cause obesity, which is the last factor.
Obesity treatment has varied over the centuries. Some have advocated diet and exercise, while others believe that only cutting edge surgical techniques and prescription drugs can help treat obese patients. Attitudes and techniques toward treating obesity have changed over the years and will continue to change in the future.
Diets have been used throughout the world to control one’s weight since the 1700s. Since then, “fad diets” have cycled through various lengths of popularity. In the 1930s, the Hollywood 18-day diet became popular. It consisted of boiled eggs, grapefruit, Melba toast, and...

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