This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Q: To What Extent Were The Financial Difficulties Of The Government The Cause Of The French Revolution

1287 words - 6 pages

History - Year 10
Assessment Activity: Essay on French Revolution
By Debajyoti Chaudhuri KM10
Q: To what extent were the financial difficulties of the government the cause of the French Revolution
To a large extent, the financial difficulties of the government were the cause of the French Revolution. A major cause was the economic crisis and financial debt accumulated by the French Government which brought national unrest leading to revolution. The financial and taxation structure of the French Government was unjust and discontented the majority of the people, especially the poor Third Estate, and drove them to revolt. The immense poverty and lack of food for the common French people ...view middle of the document...

The economic crisis and financial debt accumulated by the government only increased the flaws of the financial and taxation system, which were one leading cause of the French Revolution.
The financial and taxation system was unjustly designed to benefit the upper classes of the French population. In the 1770’s, under the Old Regime, the people of France were divided into estates (Gershoy, 1957). The First Estate was the Clergy while the Second Estate consisted of the nobility. They collectively made up three percent of the population, owned thirty percent of the land and paid almost no taxes. However Gershoy (1957) indicates that the Third Estate consisted of over ninety – seven percent of the population and although they owned about sixty percent of the land, much of their earnings were paid to other estates in the form of numerous taxes. This money was lavishly enjoyed by the other estates, while the poor Third Estate was forced to pay extravagant taxes and therefore having a meagre livelihood. This resulted in the Third Estate developing feelings of resentment to the other estates. The Third Estate wanted a fair and representative taxation system for all people and this brought them to rebel against the monarchy (Halsall, 2000). Even though, the taxation system was a reason for the large Third Estate’s disgust at the monarchy, the poverty and food crisis they had to endure due to this flawed financial system sparked them to overthrow the present regime and cause a revolution.
Poverty and the lack of food supplies clearly sparked revolution as the starving common man was continually motivated by his hunger to change his fortunes. A series of crop failures in the late 1780’s caused a shortage of grain, consequently raising the price of bread, 67 percent in 1789 alone (Kwintessential Ltd., 2004). Because bread was the main source of nutrition for poor peasants, this led to widespread starvation and unrest, mainly in the Third Estate. Contributing to the peasant unrest was the fact that the nobility had bountiful amounts of bread to enjoy. (French Revolution Causes: An Economic Crisis, 2011) Many peasants were relying on charity to survive, and France became crowded with the hungry, destitute, and the disaffected, an ideal environment for revolution. It came to the point where if people did not take matters into their own hands, they would starve to death. Motivated by hunger, the 'bread riots' began, which Wilde (2011) believes were the first manifestations of a roots-based revolutionary sentiments, followed by The Storming of the Bastille and The March on Versailles. Poverty and food shortages indeed sparked revolution but other factors such as Enlightenment Ideas made it all possible.
Financial difficulties of the government were not the sole cause of the French Revolution but were accompanied by poor leadership, enlightenment ideas and a breaking down social structure. Bhattacharya (2005) proposes that a strong leader...

Other Essays Like Q: to What Extent Were the Financial Difficulties of the Government the Cause of the French Revolution

The French Revolution For A New Government

1604 words - 7 pages French Revolution was a very intense time of fighting both with their own country and others. The French were able to get their much awaited government, despite going through periods of terror from allowing the wrong people in power.

Q- what were the reasons for the establishment of the UAB?

472 words - 2 pages was given the power to decide, via a means test, who would receive the benefit and to how much they wereentitled (Gazeley: 2003, p.127).During the 1930's mass unemployment endured far longer than first anticipated by the 1911 National Insurance Act,resulting in huge numbers of civilians falling back on the poor law. The stigma attached to the poor law and civil unrestcombined with a change in government attitude towards the unemployed were all political factors in the establishmentof the UAB.

Causes of the French Revolution

1009 words - 5 pages included civil and international war. The Civil Constitution narrowed the support base of the revolutionaries by antagonising the peasants and civil war was the ultimate result. Prior to the civil constitution, the outbreak of the revolution had united different sections of the Third Estate. The peasants who constituted just over ninety per cent of the French population were by far the largest component of the revolution’s support base

To What Extent Were Ideologies Important in the Bringing of the Cold War?

1597 words - 7 pages History Essay. How important were ideologies in the bringing of the Cold War until 1949? “Ideologies have no heart of their own. They’re the whores and angels of our striving selves”. This is how John le Carré classifies the harsh thing called an ideology. An ideology is a system of idea or ideals to form the basis of an economical, philosophical or political theory. Destutt de Tracy first used the word in 1796 but this word only

“to What Extent Was Rapid Economic Growth the Cause of Social Tensions in Wilhelmine Germany?”

1952 words - 8 pages “To what extent was rapid economic growth the cause of social tensions in Wilhelmine Germany?” In Wilhelmine Germany, an industrial revolution was taking place. By 1910, Germany had almost caught up with Britain on the production of industries such as coal and steel, with the rate of growth overwhelmingly surpassing that of the Britons. Germany was also home to new industries, like that of chemicals, which quickly saw 90% of the world’s hair

Positive Outcomes of the French Revolution

1215 words - 5 pages never gotten this opportunity. Some people believe that all of the deaths and brutality of the French Revolution were not worth the gains, but without the French Revolution, the peasants would never have escaped their miserable lifestyle. The chaos of the French Revolution inspired governments in Europe to form the Congress of Vienna, which facilitated peace and stability throughout Europe. The lack of a strong government in France

To What Extent Do You Agree That a Revolution Happened in Germany at the End of World War I

671 words - 3 pages To what extent do you agree that a revolution happened in Germany at the end of World War I In Germany between 1918 and 1919 there were major political changes. They went from being an autocracy to a democracy. A revolution is defined as a forcible overthrow of a government or social order for a new system. It was called a revolution for numerous reasons. On October 29th 1919, a mutiny started to spread near Kiel because sailors refused

The French Revolution

861 words - 4 pages , causing many families to starve in the years of famine. Peasants were tired of paying high taxes, having high unemployment rates, and starving to death. The people were calling for change, which would lead to the overthrow of the French government. In the summer of 1789, to deal with the rising disdain for the King, the Estates General was summoned for the first time since 1614. The legislature, consisting of representatives from the three French

The French Revolution

401 words - 2 pages To begin with, the American Revolution inspired the French people who were seeking reform in their own country. Throughout the eighteenth century, Enlightenment ideas caused people to think twice about the structure of their society. The French middle class and several nobles were very impressed with ideas such as the social contract and freedom of speech. Also they were inspired how the Americans threw off an oppressive government.Secondly, in

To What Extent Was the Effective Government of Germany in the Years 1919 – 1933 Handicapped by the Nature of the Weimar Constitution?

1022 words - 5 pages the German people as the cost of living rose and by 1923, when prices were higher than wages, working class families struggled to by food, as a result there was serious unrest within the poorer parts of Germany and major cities went on strike, hunger riots and looting. The inflation did cause parties wanting to seize the country but all lacked organisation and support. The economic problems did handicap the German government because with the

A Tale Of Two Cities Essays: The French Revolution

3024 words - 13 pages and disorder, nothing untoward happened; "the people" … proved to be orderly, sober, and good-humoured—anything but revolution-minded. (94)  France and England in A Tale of Two Cities  What, then, could A Tale of Two Cities signify for Dickens's readers, if the writer's fears of a massive uprising similar to the French Revolution appeared groundless? The answer may be found by a closer look at the contrasts, and not the

Related Papers

To What Extent Were Poverty And Prosperity Causes Of The 1789 French Revolution?

921 words - 4 pages causes was the French social structure, the Ancient Regime. The division into three estates with different rights and duties, produced a clear situation of injustice with poverty for the greater part of the people and the extreme wealth for just a few. 1 To what extent were poverty and prosperity causes of the 1789 French Revolution? To a great extent because the prosperity of the bourgeois encouraged the poverty, peasants, to make justice for

Financial Factors Leading To The French Revolution

3446 words - 14 pages Introduction The French Revolution was nothing less than any revolution before or anyone after it: radical change in the institution that was known as the ordinary lifestyle. What began as a dispute between the people and the monarchy quickly turned into a violent and demandingly rapid movement to change the government that was more representative of the people of France. With many examples around them, the French people had many examples and

What Were The Cause Of The Financial Crisis Of 2008 And 2009”

1126 words - 5 pages Rafael Puerari FIN 358 Professor Kingshott Midterm “What were the cause of the financial crisis of 2008 and 2009” The 2008 financial crisis led to a sharp increase in mortgage foreclosures primarily subprime leading to a collapse in several mortgage lenders. Recurrent foreclosures and the harms of subprime mortgages were caused by loose lending practices, housing bubble, low interest rates and extreme risk taking. Additionally, expert

To What Extent Was Market Maturity The Cause Of Caterpillar Restructuring? Critically Examine The Extent The New Strategy Transformed Market, Productive And Financial Performance

2481 words - 10 pages To what extent was market maturity the cause of Caterpillar’s restructuring? Critically examine the extent the new strategy transformed market, productive and financial performance. During the late 1980s and the early 1990s Caterpillar Inc. (CAT), a $30 billion colossal in the earth-moving equipment (EME), engines and power systems, underwent a significant restructure. This was because in 1982 CAT posted its first annual lost of its 50-years