Hip Hop Music And Culture
Although rap music is stereotyped as being violent and a bad influence, it may surprise you that the album The Marshall Mathers LP by Eminem, was one of the fastest selling albums ever. It dropped in 2000 and sold 1.76 million albums in the first week. Rap , also called hip hop ( a term coined by Keith the Cowboy) is defined as not only being a type of music but also as being a culture or a way of life. As music its defined as talking in rhyme to the rhythm of the beat.
As a culture hip hop is defined as “ A culture, a way of life for a society of people who identify, love, and cherish rap, breakdancing, DJing, and ...view middle of the document...
Something that also added to the complexity of rap was the invention of drum machines, the most common one being the E-mu sp-1200. This lead to the invention of breakbeats, a repeated sample of a drumbeat, usually forming a fast syncopated rhythm, used as a basis for dance music(wikipedia dictionary). Another thing that changed in the 80s was the lyrics, they became more metaphorical, the artist started to compare things or themselves to other things. New school hip-hop was said to have began in 83 and gone to the mid 90s. This movement was said to be led by Run-D.M.C and LL Cool J. New school hip hop also referred to as the Golden Age of Hip hop, was said to have been predominantly in New York. There were also lyrical changes in the new school hip-hop genres. “It was notable for taunts and boasts about rapping, and socio-political commentary, both delivered in an aggressive, self-assertive style. In image as in song its artists projected a tough, cool, street b-boy attitude. These elements contrasted sharply with the funk and disco influenced outfits, novelty hits, live bands, synthesizers and party rhymes of artists prevalent prior to 1984 (although this characterization does not include all, or most artists prior to 1984)( The History Of Rap , 1). New school songs were also shorter so they were easier to play on the radio. On of the most noteable events of the golden age was that the Beastie Boys’ album was number one on the Billboard Charts. According to the Rolling Stones magazine, “ The golden age is noted for its innovation - a time when it seemed that every new single reinvented the genre”( The History of Rap, 6).
There are many different subgenres of rap even though it may seem like every artist has his own style. Some the most important, popular and influential are Gangster, West Coast, East Coast rap and southern rap....